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Open data licences interoperability_echearing_25_11_13pdf
 

Open data licences interoperability_echearing_25_11_13pdf

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This is the presentation I have given for the implementation of the 2013 PSI Directive focusing on the issue of Licence Interoperability and the need for a positive Public Domain right for Public ...

This is the presentation I have given for the implementation of the 2013 PSI Directive focusing on the issue of Licence Interoperability and the need for a positive Public Domain right for Public Sector Information. It explores interoperability of Open Government Licences with Creative Commons and other standard public licences. I have given this presentation on behalf of the National Documentation Center/ National Hellenic Research Foundation and the Legal Aspects of Public Sector Information 2.0 Network.

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    Open data licences interoperability_echearing_25_11_13pdf Open data licences interoperability_echearing_25_11_13pdf Presentation Transcript

    • Maximising Value Minimising Costs Dr. Prodromos Tsiavos EKT/ NHRF Luxembourg 25.11.13 Monday, 25 November 2013 @prodromos #ekt.gr #PSI #opendata EC PSI Licensing Hearing SI P on ns tio ing es s lity gg cen u li bi S 3 era op te r in
    • 0 Monday, 25 November 2013
    • open licensing is not the same as re-use licesning Monday, 25 November 2013
    • UNDERSTAND THE DIFFERENCE [ 0.1 ] Re-Use licensing: - may be open or not - it may operate in parallel to open licensing (with an SLA) - the license issuer is normally the licensor as well - it increasingly makes use of APIs Open Licensing - is a form of re-use licensing - makes use of standard licences - requires minimum transaction costs and maximum interoperability Monday, 25 November 2013
    • APIs ToS [ 0.2 ] Monday, 25 November 2013 APIs ToS (Terms of Service for APIs): - they include re-use/ open licensing - they need to be standardised and transparent - they need to differentiate the ToS from the content licensing part - they need to also not unnecessarily restrict the PSI re-use - they may contain Service Level Agreements that also need to be transparent
    • 1 Monday, 25 November 2013
    • DO NOT USE LICENCES! Monday, 25 November 2013
    • What the Directive Allows Art. 8(1) [ 1.1 ] Monday, 25 November 2013 “Public sector bodies may allow re-use without conditions or may impose conditions, where appropriate through a licence. These conditions shall not unnecessarily restrict possibilities for re-use and shall not be used to restrict competition.”
    • Features Art. 8 [ 1.2 ] * Introduce a provisional “PSI as PD” regime * Introduce Smart Notices - permanent position - versioning - attribution * Registry for copyrighted PSI - re-used - open Monday, 25 November 2013
    • Monday, 25 November 2013
    • 2 Monday, 25 November 2013
    • DO NOT REINVENT THE WHEEL Monday, 25 November 2013
    • USE STANDARD PUBLIC LICENCES Monday, 25 November 2013
    • Monday, 25 November 2013
    • REDUCE RESTRICTIONS IN THE MINIMUM [ 2 ] Monday, 25 November 2013 - Use CC Zero - Alternatively use CC BY Avoid: - NonCommercial (definition issues) - Copyleft (ShareAlike) (compatibility issue) - NoDerivatives (not really open) - NoRedistribution (not really open)
    • 3 Monday, 25 November 2013
    • IF YOU CREATE AN OGL ENSURE INTEROPERABILITY Monday, 25 November 2013
    • EU Open Licensing Framework Model (current situation) MS1 User1 User2 EC OGL1 EUOGL2 User3 CC/OKF MS2 User4 * the EC introduces a single EC licence * the MS only use their own licences * Users use all EC, MS and Open Public Licences Monday, 25 November 2013 ECOL
    • EU Open Licensing Framework Model (single) MS1 User2 EC User1 User3 EUOGL or CC/ OKF MS2 * single standard licence (e.g. CC is used) Monday, 25 November 2013 User4
    • EU Open Licensing Framework Model (standard) MS1 OGL1 EC OGL2 CC/OKF MS2 * licensing coordination/ standardisation takes place in two steps: - EC coordinate and observes licensing standards between MS - MS standardise PSBs within their jurisdictions * the two standardisation processes take place in parallel Monday, 25 November 2013 EUOLS OGL: Open Gov Licence CC: Creative Commons Public Licence OKF: OKF Licence EUOL: EU Open Licence EUOLS: EU Open Licence Standard MS: Member State
    • FAIR LICENSING - Store licences at a permanent location - Publicly announce revisions [ 3.1 ] Monday, 25 November 2013 - Version licences
    • DO NOT MIX RIGHTS [ 3.2 ] - Do not add a personal data licence clause * use “smart notices” instead - Resolve the Cultural Heritage Right at the legislative level - Do not exclude Personal Data from the licensing Regime Monday, 25 November 2013
    • GRANT STANDARD RIGHTS [ 3.3 ] Monday, 25 November 2013 - Copyright - Related/ Neighbouring Rights - Sui Generis Right - Do not contractually limit PD/ Exemptions AND Fair Use/ Fair Dealing/ limitations/ exceptions
    • USE STANDARD RESTRICTIONS [ 3.4 ] - Attribution * author * designated person (information provider/ owner/ funder etc) * retain: >notices >licence (URI) >warranties >URI to the material * include preferred way of attribution - No sub-licensing - No Endorsement - Indicate this is a modified version Monday, 25 November 2013
    • EXPLICATE INTEROPERABILITY [ 3.5 ] Monday, 25 November 2013 - Be explicit about interoperability: * Versioning interoperability * Open Standard (Public) licences interoperability
    • DO NOT USE A PERSONAL DATA CLAUSE [ 3.6 ] Monday, 25 November 2013 - Use Smart Notices Instead * permanent location * indicate that the data set includes personal data * indicate the purpose of the original processing * no re-identification in the case of anonymised data
    • A Scenario of Re-Use Licensing for Personal Data ReUser1 PSB ReUse Agreement EndUser1 Personal Data Policy EndUser2 ReUser2 EndUser3 Combined Policies & End User Licence Agreement * The licences flow from the PSB to the original Re-users that then sublicense or provide Terms of Service to the End Users * The data protection policies/ terms of processing flow with the original licences to the Re-users and then as incorporated in the EULAs/ ToS to the End-Users. Monday, 25 November 2013 ReUser1
    • A Scenario of Open Data Licensing for Personal Data ReUser1 PSB OpenGov Licence ReUser3 ReUser6 ReUser4 Standard Open Licences ReUser6 ReUser2 ReUser5 Personal Data Processing Notice * The licences flow from the PSB to all Re-Users as well between Re-users. * Different standard licences are used to remix data * There is a Personal Data Processing Notice issued by the PSB and all Re-users have to point at it. Monday, 25 November 2013 ReUser1
    • DO NOT ALLOW RETROSPECTIVE WITHDRAWAL [ 3.7 ] Monday, 25 November 2013 - licence termination should not be retroactive - have a clearly defined termination process
    • #conclusions Monday, 25 November 2013
    • #1 PSI open by default by law and design #2 use standard licences #3 use minimal conditions/ restrictions #standardise API ToS/ SLAs Monday, 25 November 2013
    • Q #psiconsultation Monday, 25 November 2013 + A tsiavos@ekt.gr