Mezirows Theory


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Theory of Transformational Learning

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  • Hello everyone: Today I will be presenting one of the adult learning theories to you. This theory originated with jack Mezirow and it is called the Theory of Transformational learning.
  • Discuss definition
  • Introduction for 5 main steps
  • These are the five main ideas/steps that lead to transformational learning. There are more details included under each idea.
  • You must identify assumptions because this will be the source of your transformation. Sometimes these are hard to identify because they have been a part of who we are for so long and we don’t realize their place in our lives.
  • Think about the assumption (s) that were identified and analyze it thoroughly. Why was this idea or behavior created and why have we continued to carry it with us. What comfort or displeasure does it offer to us on a personal level? There is a reason this has remained with us for so long.
  • When you accepted this assumption as a part of you, what did it mean to you? Look deep inside of you and think about what it really means to you now? This meaning is a part of why you continue to hold on to the assumption.
  • It’s okay to let these ideas and behaviors go in order to adopt new ones that will serve you better in your life. Take the knowledge of the previous assumption and make a decision to do things in a different way – one that will be more helpful to you in your life.
  • Discuss 5 main steps vs. 10 major phases that a person goes into and out of through the process.
  • There are 10 major phases of transformational learning that a person goes through during the transformation process.
  • Think about each of these phases. You must have a disorienting dilemma that causes a shake-up in your life in order for you to begin the entire process of transformational learning. Often while we are examining our beliefs, we feel shame or guilt because we begin to see these beliefs (assumptions) for what they really. We realize that these assumptions are unrealistic or not useful to us in our present lives.
  • Please feel free to ask any questions or make any comments that you might have about anything that you have seen or heard today. Refer to reflection area of handout.
  • After reading, click on the sound button.
  • Mezirows Theory

    1. 1. Mezirow’s Theory of Transformational Learning by C.S. Holt
    2. 2. What is transformational learning? <ul><li>The process of recognizing, analyzing and making deliberate changes to the assumptions that we have that cause us to think act and behave in certain ways. </li></ul>
    4. 4. 5 Step Process of Transformation <ul><li>Identify assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>(What are assumptions?) </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the cultural or historical origins of assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>(Where did this idea or behavior come from?) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Question the real meaning of the assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>(What is the underlying reason for the assumption?) </li></ul><ul><li>Develop alternative ways of behaving </li></ul><ul><li>(How can we act, think or do things differently?) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Meaningful Reflection </li></ul>
    5. 5. Step 1 : Identify Assumptions <ul><li>Assumptions are the underlying feelings, attitudes and thoughts that learners possess within them. </li></ul><ul><li>They originate in many different places. </li></ul><ul><li>They can be historical, social or cultural or otherwise </li></ul><ul><li>The learner behaves or believes certain things because it is an expected or taught behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Assumptions guide learners in all aspects of their lives. They guide the way that we see, feel and think about the world around us. </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Assumptions are created within a certain context. </li></ul><ul><li>They govern how we view reality. </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the contexts include race, gender, ethnicity, organizational structures, and personal experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>The context of these assumptions must be discovered because it helps the learner to understand why they feel and behave in a certain way. </li></ul>Step 2 : Analyze the Assumptions
    7. 7. <ul><li>The validity of the assumptions must be questioned and the learner must know what these assumptions really mean for them as an individual. </li></ul><ul><li>The learner decides whether each of the assumptions is useful, meaningful and beneficial to their lives. </li></ul>Step 3 : Question the real meaning of Assumptions
    8. 8. <ul><li>The learner takes all of the previous knowledge and begins to make new choices that are more meaningful, inclusive and open. </li></ul><ul><li>Learners must begin the transfer this new knowledge to create new behaviors and thoughts. </li></ul><ul><li>The learner has allowed a transformation to take place through thoughtful reflection and analysis. </li></ul>Step 4 : Develop Alternative Behaviors
    9. 9. Step 5 : Reflection (3 types) <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking of the actual content </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking of how to handle the experience </li></ul><ul><li>Premise </li></ul><ul><li>Examining long held beliefs and assumptions </li></ul>
    10. 10. Overview <ul><li>The 5 main steps that lead to Transformational learning describe the basic overall process </li></ul><ul><li>There are more detailed behaviors that occur within each of the 5 steps </li></ul><ul><li>There are 10 phases of development that give a more detailed view of the learning process. These phases include some parts of each of the 5 steps. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Important Points <ul><li>There are 5 overall main steps & overarching ideas of the transformational learning process </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>but ….. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 10 mini-phases that you will go in and out of during the process of transforming yourself </li></ul>
    13. 13. 10 Phases of Transformational Learning <ul><li>Dilemma </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Examination </li></ul><ul><li>Self Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Recognition of discontent </li></ul><ul><li>5 Exploration </li></ul><ul><li>Plan Action </li></ul><ul><li>Acquire skills </li></ul><ul><li>New roles </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Confidence </li></ul><ul><li>10 Reintegration </li></ul>
    14. 14. Phases 1 - 5 <ul><li>1. Disorienting Dilemma </li></ul><ul><li>2. Self Examination with feelings of shame, fear, guilt or anger </li></ul><ul><li>3. Critical assessment of assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>4. Recognition that discontent and process of transformation are shared </li></ul><ul><li>5. Exploration of options for new roles, relationships and actions </li></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>6. Planning a course of action </li></ul><ul><li>7. Acquiring knowledge and skills to implement plan </li></ul><ul><li>8. Temporarily try out new roles </li></ul><ul><li>9. Building self-confidence and competence in new roles and relationships </li></ul><ul><li>10. Reintegrating of new perspectives into life based on new conditions </li></ul>Phases 6 - 10
    16. 16. Important Points <ul><li>Dilemma & discourse </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment & examination of assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>Look for new ways to act & think </li></ul><ul><li>Active reflective & rational discourse takes place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New meanings are discussed and evaluated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set aside bias, prejudice and personal concerns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider supporting evidence & arguments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examine alternative perspectives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teacher and learner play an active role </li></ul>
    17. 17. Summary <ul><li>According to Mezirow’s theory of Transformational Learning, there are 5 main steps that lead to transformation </li></ul><ul><li>There are 10 phases that a person goes in and out of throughout this process </li></ul><ul><li>You have had an opportunity to analyze your life as it relates to your own assumptions in life and apply this theory for real meaning. </li></ul><ul><li>I hope that you have a greater understanding of the purpose of dilemmas in your life and how our preconceived notions, ideas, thoughts & behaviors are created to form who we really are. </li></ul><ul><li>I also hope that you see that there is a way to modify your behaviors and thoughts when these things are not in correlation to what you want to be. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Thank you for giving me your attention, sharing your knowledge and offering vital feedback today. Please complete the survey and email it back to me so that I will know how to improve this presentation for future audiences. Have a great day! Email: [email_address]
    19. 19. References <ul><li>Bachkirova, T. (2009). Cognitive-developmental approach to coaching: An interview with Robert Kegan. Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice </li></ul><ul><li>2 (1), 10-22 </li></ul><ul><li>Erickson, D. (2007). A developmental re-forming of the phases of meaning in transformational learning. Adult Education Quarterly , 58 (1), 61-80. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database. </li></ul><ul><li>Eriksen, K. (2008). &quot;Interpersonal&quot; clients, students, and supervisees: Translating Robert Kegan. Counselor Education and Supervision , 47 (4), 233-248. </li></ul><ul><li>Grossman, R. (2009). Structures for facilitating student reflection. College Teaching, 57 (1), 15-22. </li></ul><ul><li>Tsao,Michael & Kazuya Takahashi, et-al. (2010). Transformative Learning. Retrieved on March 12, 2010 from: </li></ul><ul><li>Woerkom, M. (2004). The concept of critical reflection and its implication for human resource development. Advances for Developing Human Resources. 6(2), 178-192. </li></ul><ul><li></li></ul>
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