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Improvement of no sql technology for relational databases v2

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  • Hello everyone, I’m tsendee from Database/Bioinformatics lab, Chungbuk national university. Welcome to today’s my presentation. I will try to talk improvement of NoSQL technology for relational databases. It is topic of my paper. Ok let’s begin.
  • -> I am going to introduce contents of my presentation-> First I will describe limitation of relational database, in this section we present what are there limitations of relational database for today’s data.-> NoSQL technology, this is our primary section. I will give you what is actually NoSQL what does NoSQL do that is better than relational databases.-> and there are a several types of nosql, that is presented in types of nosql section.-> Finally I will conclude to my presentation
  • -> We consider two things those would recently be features for data science-> Large volume of data was generated, there are a number of huge data generators Here showed some data generators, for example facebook photos are increased by twenty five terrabyteseveryweek , size of twitter database is increased by seven terrabytes per one day, so big data that is one special point for data science and data management system.-> Next thing is not structureddata there is not structured data everywhere
  • -> Now, I’m going to talk about limitation aspects of relational database.-> schema consists of tables and theirs relations, already we designed a schema , next time we difficulty modify the schema. So schema is hard. You have to store structured data, Your data must fit a table. After did that datastore can be more complex or not flexible-> data centralized in one place, not distributed depend on ACID property, join operation. There is one node failure. If the node fail, entire system That is big problem for developer.
  • -> So some problems fail in RDBMS,NoSQL technology aimed to improve relational database. That is one kind of database.-> NoSQL is standing Not Only SQL, -> Itcan handle huge amount of data at full speed. -> because such databases work well distributed over multiple nodes in a cluster.-> these are explained in next slide-> Schema free, At any time we can define new attribute for object in NoSQL database so it is more flexible-> There are four types of NoSQL databases according their data model. after some slide I will give you in more detailed
  • -> Sharding: big data is partitioned over individual nodes in cluster, those are connected in network-> replication: it means multiple write, same data, that is written on more than one nodes. There is not one node failure if a master computer failed then system automatically chooses another the data replicated computer.-> map/reduce mechanism consist of two phase first one is map next phase is reduce. In some case We need to process big job. We can easily do the big job by using map/reduce mechanism. This our big job Firstly, the big job is separated into a several small sections and distributed over nodes then these are processed on each nodes now we have small results finally bring to big result by combining to them, final process is called reduce the other one is map phase.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Improvement of NoSQL Technology for Relational Databases
      TsendsurenMunkhdalai
      twitter: @tsendeemts
    • 2. Contents
      Limitation of relational database
      NoSQL technology
      Types of NoSQL database
      Conclusion
    • 3. Nowadays, statement of data
      Large data
      Some data generators
      Facebook photos +25TB/week
      Twitter +7TB/day
      Flickr +21GB/hour
      Data size is repeatedly increased every year
      Not structured data
      New kinds of applications are growing up
      Such as Web 2.0, Enterprise applications and Cloud computing
      They needed not structured data
      There are many no structured data generators
    • 4. Limitation of relational database
      Static, normalized data schema
      Have to store structured data
      There is complex join operation
      Not flexible datastore
      Data is centralized in one place
      Not distributed
      Data overflowing
      Nothing
    • 5. NoSQL technology
      NoSQL: Not Only SQL
      Handle huge amount of data at full speed
      Distributed
      Natively support clustering
      Have Map/Reduce mechanism
      Support replication and sharding
      Schema free
      More flexible
      Have hashing and B-tree indexing
      There are four types of NoSQL databases
    • 6. Distributed: NoSQL database
      Support replication and sharding
      Map/Reduce mechanism
      Similarity, parallel processing
      Sharding/Partitioned
      res
      res
      Big Result
      res
      job
      Big Job
      Data
      1
      2
      3
      4
      5
      6
      job
      job
      replication
      3
      4
      5
      6
      1
      2
    • 7. Types of NoSQL database 1/4
      Key-Value database
      Stores value based on its key
      Designed to handle massive load
      Data model: Collection of Key-Value pairs
      Given key, get value
      Data hashing indexed
      Some systems do that automatically
      Good for
      Cashe aside
      Simple, id based interactions
    • 8. Types of NoSQL database 2/4
      Column oriented database
      Column oriented Relational database
      Tables similarly to RDBMS, but handles semi-structured
      Each row can have a different number of columns
      Table is sparse
      Columns are dynamic
    • 9. Types of NoSQL database 3/4
      Graph database
      These store data structure as graph
      Focus on modeling the structure of data
      Represent complex relation between objects as graph
      Data model:
      Nodes, relationships between theirs
      Each node can have key/value properties
      C
      P
      A
    • 10. Types of NoSQL database 4/4
      Document database
      Stores data as document
      More complex Key-Value database
      Data model: Collection of Key-Value, collections as JSON or XML types document
      {
      “name” : “Lady Gaga”,
      “ssn” : “213445”,
      “hobbies” : [“Dressing up”, “Singing”],
      “albums” :
      [{“name” : “The fame”
      “release_year” : “2008”},
      {“name” : “Born this away”
      “release_year” : “2011”}]
      }
      {
      {….}
      }
      {
      {….}
      }
    • 11. Some statistic
      Facebook search
      MySQL > 50 GB Data
      Writes Average : ~300 ms
      Reads Average : ~350 ms
      Rewritten with Cassandra (NoSQL) > 50 GB Data
      Writes Average : 0.12 ms
      Reads Average : 15 ms
    • 12. Who uses NoSQL ?
      Big Data Big data Analysis
    • 13. Conclusion
      NoSQL databases
      Data process quite faster than relational database
      Distributed
      Dynamically determine new attributes
      Cheap
      Mostly, open source
      Have natively clustering, don’t need supercomputer (Expensive)
      Map/Reduce mechanism is provided
      Have B-tree and hashing indexing
    • 14. Thank You