Standard: The student uses a working knowledge and understanding of significant individuals, groups, ideas, events, eras, and developments in the history of Kansas, the United States, and the world, utilizing essential analytical and research skills. Benchmark: The student uses a working knowledge and understanding of individuals, groups, ideas, developments, and turning points in the era of the Cold War (1945-1990). Indicators: 5. (A) evaluates the foreign policies of Kennedy and Johnson during the Cold War (e.g., Cuban Missile Crisis, Berlin Wall, Vietnam War, Peace Corp). 6. A) analyzes the cause and effect of the counterculture in the United States (e.g., Sputnik, reaction to the Military Industrial Complex, assassinations of Kennedy and King, draft, Vietnam War, Watergate Scandal). Activities: 1. Photo Analysis Tet Offensive or audio analysis (Cronkite/Johnson). 2. Reading Guide 19-4.
Activity: Photo Analysis Conversation: Level 0 (Silent) Help: Raise your hand. Integrity: Responses may be shared after graded or turned in or during discussion. Effort: Complete all assigned identification requirements, inferences, and create a question. (Check the chalk board) Value: Helps you focus on daily activity and reviews class content. Efficiency: Make sure information is organized and neat.
Photo Explanation On the left: It was ironic that the picture that symbolized the American defeat in Vietnam was taken by a Dutchman, Hubert van Es. The picture showed chaos and panic among many South Vietnamese who were in the employ of the Americans. They are desperately trying to secure a seat on one of the last American helicopters shuttling between Saigon rooftops and US navy ships off the coast of Vietnam ahead of the arrival of the communist North-Vietnamese troops. The ladder leading up to the roof already has more people on it that can fit on the helicopter. However, the helipad was not, UPI’s Tokyo bureau wrongly attributed, on the roof of the US embassy. It was on the Pittman apartment complex which housed the CIA. The helicopters belonged to Air America, a CIA cover organization. On the right: U.S. Marine helicopter crewmen carry Vietnamese civilians to safety aboard the U.S.S. Blue Ridge April 29, 1975, after their evacuation helicopter crashed on the deck of the amphibious command ship. The helicopter had evacuated the civilians from Saigon, as communist forces began taking over the city. (AP Photo) http://www.flickr.com/photos/99676998@N00/1522572533 http://iconicphotos.wordpress.com/2009/05/19/the-fall-of-saigon/
Explanation In the 1970’s, the US turned more of the war over to South Vietnam’s army. This plan was called “Vietnamization.” But as this cartoon suggests, the South Vietnamese army was unable to frighten or stop the North Vietnamese. North Vietnam took over South Vietnam in 1975. After the Tet Offensive in 1968, President Johnson stopped sending more troops to Vietnam. And in 1969, President Nixon began to bring US soldiers home. His plan was to strengthen South Vietnam’s army and turn the ground fighting over to it-while still using US planes to bomb North Vietnam’s bases and supply lines. This plan was called “Vietnamization.” But South Vietnam’s Army, the ARVN, never fought well against North Vietnam. Some said that ARVN soldiers didn’t really support their government or want to fight for it. This cartoon shows ARVN as a scarecrow unable to frighten anyone. And in fact, in 1975, just two years after the last US soldier left Vietnam, North Vietnam did conquer all of South Vietnam.
Activity: Reading Guide 19-4. (621-627) 20-30 mins. Conversation: Level 1 (Whisper) if needed. Help: Raise your hand, ask other students when appropriate. Integrity: Work together when needed, share ideas and info with others ask, do not copy. Effort: Sit up and stay involved by reading, writing, and responding to questions. Value: Helps students navigate through content reading and understand the text. Efficiency: If you are having problems answering or responding to a prompt, skip the question and come back later, or ask a classmate/teacher for assistance. Some parts may be played with audio.
Deaths Number Average Age Total 58,148 23.11 years Enlisted 50,274 22.37 years Officers 6,598 28.43 years Warrants 1,276 24.73 years E1 525 20.34 years USMC 0351 1,122 20.46 years 11B MOS 18,465 22.55 years
Activity: Quiz, Quiz, Trade. Conversation: Soft conversation. Help: Raise your hand, ask a classmate. Integrity: Move from student to student, asking questions and trading cards. Effort: Active participation. You cannot ask a strait forward question. Ex What was ____________? It can be multiple choice, fill in the blank, short answers. Only one of your questions can be a definition type question. This would be giving the definition with out the word and asking what the word is. Ex. If my word was Henry Kissinger, I could ask a question like, Which one of the four listed reasons explains the purpose of Henry Kissinger’s meeting with Le DucTho? (Four options listed) Value: Assess what was learned and create your own quiz questions. Efficiency: Complete the assigned words. Put your name on your card. Words (to be assigned) Henry Kissinger -Vietnamization -Silent Majority My Lai massacre -Pentagon Papers -George McGovern Twenty-sixth Amendment -Khmer Rouge -War Powers Act Weathermen -Kent State -Madman Theory Hmong -Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Activity: Frayer WEATHERMEN. Conversation: Level2(Soft Conversation). Help: Raise your hand. Integrity: Watch the video and discuss after with partners. Effort: Accurate information should be sorted into Frayer. Value: Go in depth into Radical Vietnam War protests. Efficiency: Complete all components. Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JoiwAb2cbkM
Activity: Quiz:19:4. 10 questions matching. Conversation: Zero conversation. Help: Raise your hand. Integrity: Keep your answers to yourself, no notes, no textbook. Effort: Active completion of the quiz. Value: Assess what was learned. Efficiency: Complete all answers, even if you must guess.
Activity: Reflection Journal Conversation: Zero conversation. Help: Raise your hand. Integrity: Keep your responses to yourself. Effort: Active completion of all components. Value: Assess what was learned, provide time for reflection. Efficiency: Keep neat and organized.
Activity: Crossword puzzle (Extra Credit). Conversation: Level 2 (Soft Conversation). Help: Raise your hand, ask other students when appropriate. Integrity: Work together when needed, share ideas and info with others ask, do not copy. Effort: Sit up and stay involved by reading, writing, and responding to questions. Value: Helps students navigate through content reading and understand the text. Efficiency: If you are having problems answering or responding to a prompt, skip the question and come back later, or ask a classmate/teacher for assistance.