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American History 9a

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History of the USA

History of the USA

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  • Forced off their land, or into reservations.
  • The process of expansion to the west.
  • Over the 25 years following the opening of the Oregon Trail, more than half a million settlers migrated along this road. There were already some settlers in Texas at the time of the Mexican War, but victory convinced even more settlers to go there. The Homestead Act of 1862 offered 160 acres to settlers for free (under certain conditions), and this was later increased, until eventually 640 acres were offered.
  • This is a well-known photo from the Vietnam War, children fleeing from a village bombed with napalm. [Note that some points on this slide are covered by the photo, but are visible when the slideshow is actually played].
  • About as many Americans died in the Korean War as the Vietnam War, but Vietnam is better remembered. Some have called the Korean War the “ forgotten war ” .

Transcript

  • 1. American History (A few points)
  • 2. Put these events in order:
    • World War I
    • War of Independence
    • Great Depression
    • American Civil War
    • The start of expansion to the West
  • 3. Native Americans
    • Before colonization, there were about 10 million people, in over 200 tribes.
    • By 1865, only 300,000 remained.
      • forced off their land
      • many died from diseases brought by the colonists
  • 4. American Character
    • American history has affected the character of American people
    • Belief that anyone can be successful
      • most people who came to America were poor; some became very rich
    • Willing to take risks and try new things
      • immigration to the “ New World ”
      • travelling West to start a new life
  • 5. In 1788, 13 colonies become the United States of America.
  • 6. By 1796, a few more states have been created.
  • 7. America buys Louisiana from France in 1803.
  • 8. By 1837, new states have been created around the Mississippi.
  • 9. By 1850, Oregon and California become states. 1843: One thousand people travel to Oregon 1848: USA wins Texas in the Mexican War 1849: California gold rush 1862: A new law gives free land to settlers
  • 10. By 1912, all states except Alaska and Hawaii have been created.
  • 11. Vietnam War (1964 - 1975)
    • Had a big effect on people:
      • it lasted a long time (11 years)
      • many Americans were hurt or killed
      • America did not win the war
      • horrible pictures on TV
    • As the war continued, anger in America grew
      • there were many protests
  • 12. Other Wars
    • Other wars that America has been involved in since World War II include:
      • Korean War (1950 - 1953)
      • Gulf War (1990 - 1991)
      • Kosovo War (1999)
      • Iraq War (2003)
  • 13. Cold War
    • After World War II, there were two superpowers : USA and USSR
      • democratic USA, communist USSR
    • There was constant tension, but never actual war:
      • both built up their military power
      • spied on each other
      • provided money and support to groups in Korean, Vietnam, Middle East, etc
  • 14. America as a Superpower
    • After the USSR broke up in 1991, USA became the only superpower.
    • There are still some powerful countries in Europe and Asia.
    • But sometimes America tries to ignore them.
      • USA refused to sign the Kyoto Protocol on greenhouse gases
      • USA attacked Iraq without UN approval
  • 15. Homework – Write 2 sentences about each of the topics
    • Native Americans
    • New World Explorers
    • 13 Colonies
    • Revolutionary War, Creating a New Government
    • Western Expansion
    • First Industrial Revolution
    • American Civil War
  • 16. Homework – Write 1-2 sentences about each of the topics
    • T he Railroads , Industrialization
    • Gilded Age
    • Roaring 20's , Lost generation (in literature)
    • Great Depression
    • World War I , World War II
    • Cold War
    • T he modern age.