A Difficult Past How the Americas Change<br />By: Tryzon Valencia<br />
The Little Ice Age<br />Only 30% of the world was covered in ice; very climatic shift; even with only a few drop in temperature ; happened right after the “medieval warm period.”<br />Caused a lot of major food problems; no good land to farm on and people failed to understand the choice of crops such “wheat & grains” were a vulnerable to the change in rainy climate.<br />Glaciers of the Alps swiftly advances surround the area, and the people believed it to be possessed<br />The cooler time played hard on the humanity and changed the course of history<br />Created fathom in which people of France demanded affordable bread that led to the French Revolution <br />1347 Plague arrived in Europe, people weakened by fathom. Rat carried fleas that help spread the epidemic <br />They accused others of being witches and bringing about the weather, burnt thousands of people <br />Potatoes grew underground, saved many.<br />Americans drink beer more since the Ice Age killed grape vines, used leftover of cereal crops to make beer move to North America<br />
Frontiers of the Americas<br />April 30th 1803, purchase of land North American colonies doubled the amount of states known as the Louisiana Purchase <br />Cost 15million dollars from the French “Napoleon”<br />America acquired due to the court intrigues of the Spanish crown, Napoleon, and ice storms<br />Britain loan the money to keep France out of North America, though the money helped funded the French<br />French ruler cared very little of Louisiana was much more interested in the Caribbean and wanted Haiti<br />
Frontiers of the Americas<br />1833 Prince Maximilian and a Swiss artist Bodmer went to study and write about the culture of the Indians in the jungles of Brazil<br />The buffalo had great trade value between the native Americans and the “whites”<br />The “whites” kill many buffalo, caused the tribe to migrate to start a new culture<br />Bodmer and Maximilian spread smallpox to Mandan tribe leader, which resulted the tribe killing the two, the tribe soon followed death by infection of smallpox<br />
Crossroads of Freedom<br />September 17, 1862 Village near Sharpsburg Maryland, bloodiest war in American history. 6,300 to 6,500 Union and Confederate soldiers dead <br />11 States establish a government of Confederacy near Richmond controlling 750,000 square miles of land<br />The South only needed to defend what they already had by fighting off the Union from taking their land<br />Lincoln had to defeat Confederate Army and occupy their land which seems impossible<br />1861 Union Navy captured bases, Northern troops secured Missouri, Kentucky, and Maryland; they drove the Confederate out of West Viriginia<br />
Crossroads of Freedom<br />Union captured a warship envoy which had James Mason and John Slidell from the British steamer “Trent” which almost sparked a diplomatic crisis and a war with Britain in which the Union release them(North looked bad afterwards)<br />1861 June to July McClellan lead Union army to secure most of West Virginia<br />McClellan loyalty was questioned since he was “soft” on the South and Slavery. McClellan was “fighting to preserve the integrity of the Union<br />1861 Ulysses S Grant took command of troops in Cairo Illinois, sent troops to occupy Paducah<br />
Crossroads of Freedom<br />April 5th 1862 McClellan lead Virginia Peninsula for the siege of Yorktown<br />1861 Union was considered hopeless by European observers<br />Confederacy have won most battles: Manassas, Wilson’s Creek (Missouri), and Balls Bluff<br />Thomas J Jackson “Stonewall” renowned commander in the south and most feared in the North<br />First Seven Days battle, 20,000 Confederates and Federal dead<br />McClellan was mentally defeated though his army was good to continue the fight and retreated southward to a base on the James River<br />
Crossroads of Freedom<br />1862 Cotton Famine<br />Confederate success in Shenandoah Valley and Seven Days battle showed Europeans the North was going to fall<br />Fredrick Douglass, pushed Lincoln to make war for freedom for the slaves<br />July 12th Lincoln frustrated went ahead with Proclamation of Emancipation<br />August 27 Jackson destroyed Manassas Junction, Virginia <br />September 18 McClellan received reinforcements at Sharpsburg and won the battle, though he was underappreciated <br />
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