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Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio
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Gabriela Cruz Portugal Bio ApresentaçãO1 Eua Bio

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  • 1. The Importance of Biotechnology on the Success of Conservation Agriculture in Portugal and in the World Maria Gabriela Cruz
  • 2. “ My Story” <ul><li>Fourth Generation of Farmers, </li></ul><ul><li>My Father was an Agronomist and my best Teacher, </li></ul><ul><li>The third of 4 daughters, </li></ul><ul><li>All educated to be able to keep the Family Business, </li></ul><ul><li>Studied Agronomy in Lisbon, </li></ul><ul><li>Have been managing the Family Business for 20 years. </li></ul>
  • 3. ELVAS
  • 4. The Farm <ul><li>At the same latitude as NYC, </li></ul><ul><li>Climate: Very hot &amp; dry Summers 20 inch max of rain in Winter, </li></ul><ul><li>Cold Soils: very difficult to till, </li></ul><ul><li>Main Crops: Durum Wheat, Barley, Peas, Corn, Sugarbeet. </li></ul>
  • 5. Potencial Risk of Erosion in Southern Europe Fonte: EEA (1992)
  • 6. EROSION CAN BE A CONSEQUENCE OF INTENSIVE TILLAGE
  • 7. &nbsp;
  • 8. Erosion is responsible for: <ul><li>- Loss on soil fertility (17 ton/ha/year), </li></ul><ul><li>- Loss on water availability, </li></ul><ul><li>- Loss on biodiversity, </li></ul><ul><li>- Water pollution, </li></ul><ul><li>- Air pollution, </li></ul><ul><li>- Dramatic reduction on crop productivity/farmer´s income, </li></ul><ul><li>- Damage in social infrastructures like roads, dams. </li></ul>
  • 9. &nbsp;
  • 10. &nbsp;
  • 11. What has been on in Europe &amp; Portugal ? <ul><li>Decrease on Cereals prices about 80% in real terms between 1986 and 2006, </li></ul><ul><li>From 2007 to 2008 prices reduced 32%, </li></ul><ul><li>Compensation for Price reduction decreased to 30%, </li></ul><ul><li>Farmer´s income decreased 30% from 1986 to 2006 and 2008. </li></ul>
  • 12. What has been on in Europe &amp; Portugal ? <ul><li>Some of the imputs like fertilizers doubled price, </li></ul><ul><li>Price of water is expected to increase 40% in 2009, </li></ul><ul><li>32 agrochemicals will be put out of the market – Brussels wants to move to organic farming, </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers are seen as the highest consumers of water </li></ul>
  • 13. WHAT TO DO IN SUCH CIRCUMSTANCES?
  • 14. CHANGE TO CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE - CA <ul><li>First contact with CA was 14 years ago while visiting Rawson&apos;s Family farm – Michigan, </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1998 No-Till and Strip Till have been practised on the whole farm. </li></ul>
  • 15. &nbsp;
  • 16. &nbsp;
  • 17. WHAT IS CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE – CA ? <ul><li>Several practices which: </li></ul><ul><li>Cause the least alteration in soil, </li></ul><ul><li>Defend it from damaging processes like erosion, compaction, loss of organic matter, </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance soil productivity and biodiversity, </li></ul>
  • 18. ECONOMICAL BENEFITS : <ul><li>To the Farmer: </li></ul><ul><li>fuel consumption (up to 80lt/ha/y), </li></ul><ul><li>labour (up to 5h/ha/y), </li></ul><ul><li>expenditure with machinery, </li></ul><ul><li>water &amp; energy consumption, </li></ul><ul><li>soil productivity (up to 34%). </li></ul>
  • 19. ECONOMICAL BENEFITS : <ul><li>To Society: </li></ul><ul><li>Less expenditure repairing roads, ditches, dams, etc, </li></ul><ul><li>Less expenditure cleaning rivers and water </li></ul><ul><li>Accomplishment of Environment Protection Commitments within Protocols (Quioto) </li></ul>
  • 20. &nbsp;
  • 21. ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS: <ul><li>Increase on soil fertility, </li></ul><ul><li>Better water quality, </li></ul><ul><li>Better air quality ( CO 2 emission) </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon sink up to 1,4 tons per ha per year climate change mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity preservation. </li></ul>
  • 22. &nbsp;
  • 23. Problems and how to overcome them <ul><li>Controlling weeds Biotech crops resistant to herbicide ( exº to glyphosate), </li></ul><ul><li>Soil &amp; water pollution concerns Biotech crops resistant to herbicides, insecticide, </li></ul><ul><li>Water scarcity drought resistant crops </li></ul><ul><li>Water pollution concerns Biotech crop more efficent using nitrogen </li></ul>
  • 24. CA Biotechnology
  • 25. Because <ul><li>CA is not viable in the long term without Biotech, </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable farming is not possible without CA and Biotech, </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction on cereals imports is not possible without Biotech, </li></ul><ul><li>Living is not possible without Agriculture, </li></ul><ul><li>To be sustainable farming has to be profitable. </li></ul>
  • 26. “ Land is the only thing is worth working for, fighting for, dying for, because it is the only thing that lasts” in Gone with the Wind

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