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Tools
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Tools
Tools
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Tools
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Tools
Tools
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Tools
Tools
Tools
Tools
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Tools
Tools
Tools
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Tools
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Tools

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Tools

Tools

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  • 1. TECH TOOLS ( English and Technology cross-curricular materials ) How do you say “xerrac” in English? And “martell”? Let’s learn about tools in English!!!
  • 2. What is a tool? <ul><li>A tool is a piece of equipment designed to do a specific job (for example, cutting) by directing manually applied force . </li></ul>
  • 3. What is a machine or device ? <ul><li>A machine or device </li></ul><ul><li>is a piece of </li></ul><ul><li>equipment designed </li></ul><ul><li>to do a specific job </li></ul><ul><li>(for example, </li></ul><ul><li>drilling) by means </li></ul><ul><li>of a motor. </li></ul>
  • 4. TOOLS CATEGORIES (1) <ul><li>Many tools serve to perform one or more </li></ul><ul><li>of a set of basic operations, for example: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Cutting (de tall) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Percussive (de percussió) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Smoothing (d’abrassió o fricció) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Drilling (de perforació) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Guiding (de mesurar, marcar i traçar) </li></ul>
  • 5. TOOLS CATEGORIES (2) Other categories: 6. Screwing (de cargolar) 7. Welding and soldering (de soldar i adherir) 8. Gripping (agafar i retenir) 9. Clamping (passives) 10. Protective equipment (elements de protecció)
  • 6. 1.Cutting tools <ul><li>They are used for cutting different kinds of materials </li></ul><ul><li>(wood, metals, etc.) </li></ul>
  • 7. Cutting tools (1) <ul><li> Hacksaw </li></ul><ul><li>(serra d’arquet ) </li></ul><ul><li>Hand saw (xerrac) </li></ul>
  • 8. Cutting tools (2) <ul><li>Coping saw </li></ul><ul><li>(Serra de marqueteria) </li></ul><ul><li>Wire stripper </li></ul><ul><li>(Alicates de </li></ul><ul><li>pelar fils) </li></ul>
  • 9. Cutting tools (3) <ul><li>Electrician’s scissors </li></ul><ul><li>(tisores d’electricista) </li></ul><ul><li> Electric jigsaw (serra de vogir) </li></ul><ul><li>Tinman’s snip (tisores de planxa) </li></ul>
  • 10. 2. Percussive tools <ul><li>These tools are used for </li></ul><ul><li>striking materials in order to </li></ul><ul><li>break, crush or flatten </li></ul><ul><li>them. </li></ul>
  • 11. 2.Percussive tools <ul><li>Plastic tip hammer </li></ul><ul><li>(maceta de niló) </li></ul>Claw hammer (martell de fuster) Ball peen hammer (martell de bola)
  • 12. 3. Smoothing tools <ul><li>These tools are used for shaping and </li></ul><ul><li>smoothing materials by removing bumps or </li></ul><ul><li>roughness from them. </li></ul>
  • 13. 3. Smoothing tools <ul><li>File (llima) </li></ul>File (llima) Rasp or Scraper (Raspa) Glass Paper or sandpaper (paper de vidre)
  • 14. 4. Drilling tools <ul><li>Drilling is the process of using a drill bit in a </li></ul><ul><li>drill to produce cylindrical holes in solid </li></ul><ul><li>materials. </li></ul>drill bit drill
  • 15. 4. Drilling tools gimlet (barrina) bench drilling machine (trepant de sobretaula) portable electric drill (trepant portátil)
  • 16. 5. Guiding tools <ul><li>They are used for projecting, marking, </li></ul><ul><li>drawing or measuring objects and their </li></ul><ul><li>shapes. They can also be used for the </li></ul><ul><li>operations of testing and calibrating. </li></ul>
  • 17. 5. Guiding tools (1) <ul><li>dividers </li></ul><ul><li>(compàs de punta) </li></ul><ul><li>scriber </li></ul><ul><li> (puntes de senyalar) </li></ul><ul><li>vernier calliper </li></ul><ul><li>(peu de rei) </li></ul>
  • 18. 5. Guiding tools (2) <ul><li>steel rule (regle d’acer) try squares (escaire) </li></ul><ul><li>level (nivell) </li></ul><ul><li> tape measure </li></ul><ul><li>(cinta mètrica) </li></ul><ul><li>goniometer </li></ul><ul><li>(goniòmetre, </li></ul><ul><li>centenella) </li></ul>
  • 19. 6. Screwing tools <ul><li>These tools are used for fastening or </li></ul><ul><li>tightening things with some elements: </li></ul>screw bolts nuts
  • 20. 6. Screwing tools (1) <ul><li>hexagonal wrench </li></ul><ul><li>(clau Allen o clau sisavada) </li></ul><ul><li>box wrench double end </li></ul><ul><li>(clau d’estrella colzada) </li></ul><ul><li>double open end wrench </li></ul><ul><li>(clau fixa) </li></ul>
  • 21. 6. Screwing tools (2) adjustable wrench (clau anglesa) forged tip screwdriver (tornavís de boca plana) Phillips tip screwdriver (tornavís d’estrella o Phillips)
  • 22. 7. Welding and soldering tools <ul><li>These tools are used </li></ul><ul><li>for joining together </li></ul><ul><li>pieces or parts of </li></ul><ul><li>material by heating </li></ul><ul><li>them and hammering </li></ul><ul><li>or using another </li></ul><ul><li>pressure to make </li></ul><ul><li>them fuse. </li></ul>soldering welding
  • 23. 7. Welding and soldering tools gas soldering iron (soldador de gas, bufador) soldering iron (soldador elèctric)
  • 24. 8. Gripping tools <ul><li>They are used for holding something firmly </li></ul><ul><li>in order to carry on another action: </li></ul><ul><li>(bending,stretching, cutting </li></ul><ul><li>or joining materials). </li></ul>
  • 25. 8. Gripping tools (1) <ul><li>Pliers (alicates universals) </li></ul>flat nose pliers (alicates de boca plana) round nose pliers (alicates de boca rodona)
  • 26. 8. Gripping tools (2) G clamp (serjant de marqueteria) L clamp (serjant) pincers (tenalles)
  • 27. 9. Clamping tools <ul><li>They are used for holding or securing objects together to prevent movement or separation through the application of pressure. </li></ul>bench vice (cargol de banc)
  • 28. 10. Protective equipment <ul><li>It refers to the </li></ul><ul><li>elements designed </li></ul><ul><li>to protect workers </li></ul><ul><li>from injuries or </li></ul><ul><li>illnesses resulting </li></ul><ul><li>from contact with </li></ul><ul><li>dangerous processes </li></ul><ul><li>or materials. </li></ul><ul><li>REMEMBER: </li></ul><ul><li>Protection is very important </li></ul>
  • 29. 10. Protective equipment goggles (ulleres de protecció) safety helmet (casc) gauntlet or safety gloves (guants) safety apron (davantal protector) masks (mascarilles)
  • 30. Can you remember?

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