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Sonia and Rosa (3r B)
Sonia and Rosa (3r B)
Sonia and Rosa (3r B)
Sonia and Rosa (3r B)
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Sonia and Rosa (3r B)

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Grammar companion

Grammar companion

Published in: Education
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  • 1. GRAMMAR COMPANIONVOCABULARY INTERNET:  Browser (the programmers) -> Navegador, explorador de Web.  Button -> Botón  Check the box -> Marcar la casilla  Laptop -> Ordenador portàtil  Virtual -> Virtual  Habbo-> Habbo  Avatar->avatar  Chatting->chatar  Computer->ordenador  Online->en linea  Blog->blog->  Web-> web  Offline -> Fuera de linia  Net-> Internet  Chat room->  Download->  Email->  File sharing->  Instant messaging->  Message board->  Online game->  Personal webpage->  Search engine->PRESENT PERFECTThe present perfect simple expresses an action that is still going on orthat stopped recently, but has an influence on the present. It putsemphasis on the result.
  • 2. FORM OF PRESENT PERFECT: 1. POSITIVE Subject have +verbs in the 3 rd (irregular verbs) Has +verbs in –ed (regular verbs) 2. NEGATIVE Subject haven’t + verbs in the 3 rd (irregular verbs) Hasn’t +verbs in –ed (regular verbs) 3. QUESTIONS (Wh.) Has subject + in the 3rd (irregular verbs) Have +verbs in –ed (regular verbs)EXCEPTIONS:  after a final e only add d.  Final consonant after a short, stressed vowel or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled.  Final y after a consonant becomes i.USES OF PRESENT PERFECT :  puts emphasis on the result Example: She has written five letters.  action that is still going on Example: School has not started yet.  action that stopped recently Example: She has cooked dinner.  finished action that has an influence on the present Example: I have lost my key.  action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking Example: I have never been to AustraliaUnspecified Time Before Now
  • 3.  We use the present perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now.  You cannot use the present perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day, etc.  We can use the present perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, so far, already, yet..SIGNAL WORDS OF PRESENT PERFECT:Already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to nowFOR/SINCE  We use for with a period of time, for example: a few days, half an hour, two years.  We use since with the time when the action started, for example: last year, June 8, I met you.Examples I have had this computer for about a year. I havent seen Julia since September.PRESENT PERFECT VS. PRESENT SIMPLEWe use the Past Simple tense to talk about a definite finished time in thepast. For example: when, yesterday, last week, when I was at school,then, after etc.Examples I finished university three years ago. Where did we first meet? I didnt study French at school.We use the Present Perfect tense with time references that refer to thetime up to now. For example: today, this week, this month, ever, never,already, recently, yet etc.

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