Present perfect:Form of Present Perfect: Positive Negative QuestionI / you / we / they I have spoken. I have not spoken. Have I spoken?he / she / it He has spoken. He has not spoken. Has he spoken? Examples: ● You have seen that movie many times. ● Have you seen that movie many times? ● You have not seen that movie many times. TO BE I have been You have been He has been She has been It has been We have been You have been They have beenFor regular verbs, the past participle is formed by taking the verb itself andadding "ed" or "d" if it ends in a vowel. If it ends in "y" is changed to “ed”.Present PerfectFORM:
[has/have + past participle]USES:The exact time is not important.Time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week…Unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times…Listed below are examples, uses and structure of the Present Perfect followed by a quiz. Examples Usage Fred Meyers has had Giving or asking for news or excellent profits this recent events. quarter. The classs understanding has increased greatly this semester. Have they finished the report yet? The study of irregular Past actions with results in verbs has improved test the present. scores. They have bought a new car. Ive already eaten lunch. US/English exception: It is also accepted in US English to ask "Did you phone her yet?" as opposed to the more common "Have you phoned her yet?" Shes traveled in many Life experience parts of the world. Have you ever been to France? Theyve never seen a mountain.
Hes lived in San Unfinished actions (actionFrancisco for 10 years. still in progress). In How long have you this respect the present worked for this perfect and present perfect company? continuous are very similar.Theyve studied English See contrast with Present for 3 years. Perfect Continuous She hasnt traveled abroad. Common present for (with a period of time), perfect time since (with an exact pointexpressions include: in time), ever, never, yet, already, this week (month, year) Structure Conjugate the verb have (have or has) past participle. Regular verbs end in -ed. If the verbends in -y preceded by a consonant, change the -yto -ied. Irregular verbs must be studied. See chart for most common irregular verbs. I have lived in Seattle since 1978. You We They He has worked for many years. She It Conjugate the verb have (have or has) not past participle. Regular verbs end in -ed. If the verbends in -y preceded by a consonant, change the -yto -ied. Irregular verbs must be studied. See chart for most common irregular verbs. I havent seen Tom. You We They He hasnt left yet. She
It Conjugate the verb have (have or has) Subject past participle. Regular verbs end in -ed. If the verb ends in -y preceded by a consonant, change the -y to -ied. Irregular verbs must be studied. See chart for most common irregular verbs. Have I been to Paris? You We They Has He finished yet? She ItEXAMPLES:I have studied.He has written a letter to Maria.We have been stranded for six days.Present Perfect - Signal wordsThese words tell you what tense you have to use. For the Present Perfect the following words are usedfrequently:justyetneveralreadyeverso farup to nowrecentlysinceforPresent Perfect Tense - For and Since We use Present Perfect tense to talk about action which started in the past and continues up to the present. Examples
I have had this computer for about a year. How long have you been at this school? I havent seen Julia since September.FOR/SINCE:Ambdues preposicions sutilitzen per indicar la durada duna acció.Since: indica el començament de lacció. Lacció es prolongafins al moment en què parlalemissor.For: assenyala la durada de laccióPRESENT PERFECT VS. PAST SIMPLEThis section will help you to understand the differences between the Present PerfectTense and the Simple Past Tense.The present perfect is used with for and since, when the actions have not finished yet:I have lived in Victoria for five years.(I still live in Victoria.)The simple past is used with for and since, when the actions have already finished:I lived in Victoria for five years.(I dont live in Victoria now.)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uiMXhXkctug VIDEO OF PRESENT PERFECT VS.PAST SIMPLE AND THE USE OF FOR,SINCE AND SO FAR.THE INTERNET.VOCABULARY:EmailMessageWebsitePersonal webpageOnline gameBlogDownloadChat roomSocial networking
Shared music English Spanish / barra : dos puntos @ (at) arroba address book Libreta de direciones answer questions Responder preguntas attached files archivos adjuntos back (the name of the back button) Atrás, Regresar bandwidth ancho de banda banner banner bold negrita bookmark Favorito, marcador box (a little box on web forms) casilla browser (the programme) navegador, explorador de Web button botón check the box marcar la casilla choose (imperative) elija click (imperative) haga clic (usted) haz clic (tu) credit card tarjeta de crédito cyberspace ciberespacio (m) database base de datos digital signature firma digital
dot com punto com download bajar, descargar, hacer un download, bajar archivos, capturar, copiar drag arrastrar drop (as in drag and drop) pegardrop down list, drop down menu, pop-up menu desplegable menu email address dirección de correo electrónico encrypted mail correo cifrado FAQ (frequently asked questions) preguntas más frecuentes, preguntas formuladas frecuentemente file transfer transferencia de ficheros folder carpeta form formularioForward (the name of the forward button) adelante frames: (as in frames pages) marcos guestbook libro de visitas handle (nickname) apodo homepage página principal, página inicial hyperlink hiperenlace icon ícono inbox bandeja de entrada ISP proveedor de servicios Internet (also ISP) keyboard teclado keyword palabra clave laptop computer equipo portátil
link enlace, vínculo loop bucle lurker mirón lurking fisgoneo, mironeomessage headings encabezados de mensajes modem módemmotor de búsqueda search engine mouse ratón mouse button botón del ratón mouse pad alfombrilla de ráton netiquette etiqueta de la red, etiqueta de Internet network red newsgroup grupo de noticias newsgroup grupo de noticias on-line auctions subastas on-line outbox bandeja de salidaoutgoing messages mensajes salientes password contraseña preferences preferencias public domain dominio publico real time chat charla en tiempo real reply to all Responder a todos rough copy borrador run (execute) ejecutar save guardar
secure server servidor seguro secure web site sitio Web seguro sent box (in email programme) elementos enviados shopping cart carro de la compra SPAM (unwanted messages) mensajes no deseados stop (the stop button on the browser) detener store almacenar subject (of an email message) asunto subscribe suscribirse surf navegar template plantilla the clipboard Portapapeles the internet internet (note that they dont use "el" before)the little padlock you see on secure web icono de cerradura sites. the person a message is sent to destinatario the place (where something is kept) la ubicación to attach (to emails) adjuntar to compose/write some text redactar to go back regresar to manage or look after. gestionar toolbar barra de herramientastrash, deleted items (in email programme) elementos eliminados updated, update, an update actualizado, actualizar, una actualización upload (verb) subir, cargar, copiar
user name nombre de usuario web page página Web web page address, url dirección de una página web, url web site, site sitio web, sitio word wrap retorno automático de la palabraSara Pinós,Núria Lamesa i Andrea Serrano 3rB.