Anhvan thay hai   trung tam luyen thi dai hoc qsc-45 - part 2 - chapter 2 - unit 6
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Anhvan thay hai trung tam luyen thi dai hoc qsc-45 - part 2 - chapter 2 - unit 6

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Anhvan thay hai   trung tam luyen thi dai hoc qsc-45 - part 2 - chapter 2 - unit 6 Anhvan thay hai trung tam luyen thi dai hoc qsc-45 - part 2 - chapter 2 - unit 6 Document Transcript

  • Trung tâm Luyện thi Đại học CLC QSC-45 Giảng viên: LÝ SIÊU HẢI PART 2: SOME KEY GRAMMAR POINTS CHAPTER 2: THE PROBLEMS OF VERB UNIT 6: THE INVERSION OF SUBJECT AND VERB I. INTRODUCTION II. KINDS OF INVERTED SENTENCES 1. Adverb of negation / semi negation: S + Adv + Vm + O => Adv + aux. verb + S + V m + O 1.1 rarely, never, scarcely, hardly, seldom, occasionally, barely, neither, few, little, nor. This remedy rarely failed  Rarely did this remedy fail. 1.2 many a / an, not, no, such, so, only He didn‟t talk any words in the party  No words did he talk in the party. 1.3 no longer, lest, They no longer work at company  No longer do they work at company. 1.4 often, always, usually, much, thus She often rides to school by bike  Often does she ride to school by bike. 2. Prepositional phrase in negation S + V + prep. phrase => Prep. phr. + aux. verb + S + V + … 2.1 at times, at no time, by no means, nowhere, no help I didn‟t find my missing wallet anywhere.  Nowhere did I find my missing wallet. 2.2 under / in no condition, under / in no circumstance, nowhere, on no account She always fails in his intention  At no time does she fail in his intention. 3. Adverbs of place / prepositional phrase of place S + Vm + Ap / Prep. Phr. => Prep. Phr. / Ap + Vm + S 3.1 here / there The bus comes there / here  Here / There comes the bus. 3.2 down, out, up, in, over, … + phrase of place My village locates at the foot of the hill.  At the foot of the hill locates my village. 4. Adverb with “ONLY” Only + prep. phrase + aux. verb + S + V + O Only + conj. + clause + aux. verb + S + V + O 4.1 Prepositional phrase: only in this way, only by, only today, only yesterday, only on rare occasions, only with difficulties, only by luck He was able to make himself heard only by shouting.  Only by shouting was he able to make himself heard. 4.2 Prepositional clause: only after, only when, only if, only while, only before, only once, only then, only by chance. He will only talk this after he meets her.  Only after he meets here will he talk this. 5. Some common structures 5.1 hardly … when / since, scarcely … when / since, barely … then, no sooner … than, hardly … ever, barely … ever, scarcely … ever Adv + had + S + PP + … + conj. + S + V + … He had just come home when the phone rang.  No sooner / Hardly had he come home than / when the phone rang. 5.2 Not only … but also / but … as well Địa chỉ: 92 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu – P. ĐaKao – Q.1 – Tp. HCM Điện thoại: (08) 36.016.768 – 0908.348.745 (Th. Nam) trang: 66 Email: qsc45com@gmail.com Website:www.qsc45.com
  • Trung tâm Luyện thi Đại học CLC QSC-45 Giảng viên: LÝ SIÊU HẢI Not only + aux. verb + S + V + … + but + S + also + V + but + S + V + … + as well. They not only robbed me but they also smashed everything.  Not only did they rob me but they also smashed everything but they smashed everything as well. 5.3 Not until / till Not until + S + V + … + aux. verb + S + V + … He didn‟t realize that he had lost it until he got home.  Not until he got home did he realize that he had lost it. 5.4 “If” clauses aux. verb + S + V + …, S + V + O If you should arrive before 6:00, just give me a call.  Should you arrive before 6:00, just give a call. I would help you if I were in a position to help.  I would help you were I in a position to help. If he had worked harder, he‟d have passed the test.  Had he worked, he‟d have passed the test 5.5 So … that, such … that. So + adj + be + S + that + S + V + O. adv + aux. verb + S + V Such + noun phrase + be + that + S + V + O aux. verb + S + V It rained so hard that we could not play football.  So hard did it rain that we could not play football. He works so carefully that everybody can praise him much  So carefully does he work that everybody can praise him much. It was such hot coffee that we couldn‟t drink all of them.  Such hot coffee was that we couldn‟t drink all of them. He has such a modern car that everybody can watch it.  Such a modern car does he have that everybody can watch it. 5.6 Comparison clauses S + V + as + adj / adv + as + aux. verb + S more + adj / adv + than + aux. verb + S A – er + than + aux. verb + S My sister spends more hours in the office than John.  My sister spends more hours in the office than does John. Mary is as beautiful as Daisy  Mary is as beautiful as is Daisy. III. SOME MEANING FOR EXPRESSIONS OR IDIOMS IN INVERSION 3.1 Inversions take place after some negative adverb such as: little (một ít), nowhere (không một nơi nào), no longer (không còn nữa), in vain (vô ích), not until (mãi đến khi), never (không bao giờ), never again (không bao giờ nữa), never before (không bao giờ nữa), seldom = rarely, hardly (gần như không, khó mà), not for one minutes (không một phút nào)... 3.2 Inversions are used in some phrases with “no” - In no way (không bằng cách nào cả) - At no time (chưa bao giờ) - On no account (không vì một lý do gì) - In/under no circunstances (cho dù thế nào cũng không) 3.3 Nhóm từ: never (không bao giờ), rarely (hiếm khi), seldom (hiếm khi), hardly (hầu như không), barely (chỉ vừa đủ, vừa vặn), no sooner (vừa mới), or scarcely (chỉ mới, vừa vặn). 3.4 Một số cấu trúc khác • In/ Under no circumstances: Dù trong bất cứ hoàn cảnh nào cũng không. • On no account: Dù bất cứ lý do gì cũng không • Only in this way: Chỉ bằng cách này • In no way: Không sao có thể • By no means: Hoàn toàn không *********************************************** Địa chỉ: 92 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu – P. ĐaKao – Q.1 – Tp. HCM Điện thoại: (08) 36.016.768 – 0908.348.745 (Th. Nam) trang: 67 Email: qsc45com@gmail.com Website:www.qsc45.com
  • Trung tâm Luyện thi Đại học CLC QSC-45 Giảng viên: LÝ SIÊU HẢI A. Choose the best correct answer for the following sentences 1. ......................., you would have succeeded in your business. A. If you listened to my advice B. Were you to listen to my advice C. Had you listened to my advice D. As long as you listened to my advice 2. She doesn‟t like classical music and ....................... A. I don‟t, too B. I don‟t, either C. neither do I D. B and C are correct 3. Little ......................., what he has caused to others. A. does he know B. he knows C. he can know D. he will know 4. ....................... had he entered the office than he realized that he had left his wallet at home. A. Hardly B. Scarcely C. No sooner D. Not only 5. Not until a monkey is several years old ....................... to exhibit signs of independence from its mother. A. it begins B. does it begin C. and begin D. is it begin 6. ………….. did Jerome accept the job. A. Only because it was an interesting work. B. Because it was an interesting work. C. Only because it was an interested work. D. The work was interesting. 7. ……….. great was the destruction that the south took decades to recovered. A. Very B. too C. Such D. So 8. ……. the Charges found themselves 7-0 down. A. Hardly had the games begun B. Hardly the games had begun C. The games had hardly begun D. Hardly had begun the games 9. Not until the first land plants developed……………….. A. land animals appeared B. did land animals appear C. would land animals appear D. the land animals appeared 10. Not until it was too late ………………. I call Susan. A. I remembered B. did I remember C. did I remembered D. I did remember 11. Never before …………………. such a wonderful child. A. I have seen B. I had seen C. I saw D. have I seen 12. Hardly had we settle down in our seats …………….. the lights went out. A. than B. when C. then D. after 13. Only after checking three times ………… certain of the answer. Jim promised that never would he tell anyone else. A. I was B. was I C. were I D. I were 14. Only when he is here, …………….. A. he speaks English B. does he speak English C. he can speak English D. he does speak English 15. Nowhere ....................... such cooperative staff. A. you can find B. you found C. you could find D. can you find 16. Never before ....................... in an earnest attempt to resolve their differences. A. have the leaders of these two countries met B. the leaders of these two countries have met C. have the leaders of these two countries meet. D. met the leaders of these two countries 17. Not only the child, but also the grandparents ....................... A. is joining B. joins C. were joining D. has joined 18. Seldom ....................... a newspaper. A. buys Anna B. does Anna buy C. bought Anna D. Anna does buy 19. No sooner ....................... the house than the phone started to ring. A. had she entered B. she had entered C. entered she D. had entered she 20. Not only ....................... at the post office, ....................... at the grocery store. A. does Mary work ... but she also works B. works Mary ... but she also works C. does Mary work ... but does she also work D. works Mary ... but does she also work 21. A. he likes B. he will like C. does he D. will he like 22. So incredible ....................... of the Yellowstone area that people didn't believe in its existence. A. explorer John Coulter's descriptions B. explorer John Colter's descriptions were C. were explorer John Colter's descriptions D. was explorer John Colter's descriptions 23. Not only....................... in the field of psychology but animal behavior is examined as well. A. human behavior is studied B. is human behavior studied C. is studied human behavior D. human behavior Địa chỉ: 92 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu – P. ĐaKao – Q.1 – Tp. HCM Điện thoại: (08) 36.016.768 – 0908.348.745 (Th. Nam) trang: 68 Email: qsc45com@gmail.com Website:www.qsc45.com
  • Trung tâm Luyện thi Đại học CLC QSC-45 Giảng viên: LÝ SIÊU HẢI 24. Beside the roadside ....................... A. a horse stood B. stood a horse C. did a horse stand D. does a horse stand 25. Only after they send you an application, ....................... . A. can you apply B. you can apply C. do you apply D. did you apply 26. Mark won't like that bread, nor ....................... that cheese. 27. ....................... continental crust older than 200 million years. A. It is nowhere the B. Nowhere is the C. Is nowhere the D. Is the nowhere 28. At no time ....................... greater opportunities. A. did women had B. has women had C. does women have D. have women had 29. Not once ....................... into her eyes. A. he looked B. does he looked C. did he look D. looked he 30. Not until next year ....................... take place. A. the new tax change will B. will the new tax change C. the new tax changes D. change the new tax 31. Up ....................... and the people cheered. A. went the balloon B. did the balloon go C. does the balloon go D. goes the balloon 32. Not a single word ....................... during dinner. A. do he say B. did he say C. have he said D. said he 33. On no account ....................... in the office be used for personal materials. A. the photocopy machines B. should the photocopy machines C. the photocopy machines should D. does the photocopy machines 34. Rarely ....................... permission to return to homes contaminated during a toxic waste accident. A. is people given B. do people given C. people given D. are people given 35. In front of-the gate ....................... the guard. A. did B. does C. did stand D. stood 36. Only on rare occasions ....................... to the theater. A. do they go B. they went C. go they D. went they 37. Only if I had known the difference ....................... the more expensive car. A. would I bought B. I would have bought C. would I buy D. would I have bought 38. Out ....................... from its tiny cage. A. did the bird fly B. fly the bird C. do the bird fly D. flew the bird 39. Only once a day ....................... home. A. does Mary leave B. left Mary C. Mary leaves D. will Mary left 40. I'll be home by 7.00 PM on the eighteenth ....................... before me, please pick up the mail. A. Should arrive B. Should you arrive C. You should arrive D. You should have arrived 41. On the island ....................... the only representation of the Indians' handicraft. A. remains B. does it remain C. did it remain D. remain it 42. ....................... an emergency arise, call 911. A. Can B. Does C. Should D. Will 43. ....................... has the work been so easy. A. Never B. Only by C. When D. For 44. Coffee contains caffeine, and so ....................... A. tea did B. does tea C. it does D. tea does 45. ....................... the reservoir, the ancient village would not have been discovered. A. Had the drought not lowered B. If had the drought not lowered C. The drought had not lowered D. Not had the drought lowered 46. Up ....................... when it saw its master. A. jumped the dog B. did the dog jump C. the jog jumped D. does the dog jump 47. Three swimmers, Paul, Ed, and Jim ....................... now in competition for medals. A. is B. has been C. had been D. are 48. The letter was not mailed in time, and ....................... A. neither is the package B. neither was the package C. neither the package is D. neither the package was 49. ....................... have playing cards been used for card games but also for fortune-telling. A. Not as much B. Not only C. But also D. Never Địa chỉ: 92 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu – P. ĐaKao – Q.1 – Tp. HCM Điện thoại: (08) 36.016.768 – 0908.348.745 (Th. Nam) trang: 69 Email: qsc45com@gmail.com Website:www.qsc45.com
  • Trung tâm Luyện thi Đại học CLC QSC-45 Giảng viên: LÝ SIÊU HẢI 50. ....................... he driving too fast, but recklessly as well. A. Not only was B. Neither was C. Was not only D. Was either 51. Only once ....................... late to school. A. he came B. did he came C. came he D. did he come 52. Such ....................... that he would stop at nothing. . A. was his ambition B. did his ambition C. does his ambition D. his ambition was 53. Scarcely ....................... the expense of the new equipment ....................... a problem. A. should ... considered B. did … be considered C. should ... be considered D. was ... be considered 54. Out ....................... the children when the bell rang. A. did the children run B. ran the children C. run the children D. do the children run 55. Down ....................... for three days. A. the rain poured B. did the rain pour C. poured the rain D. do the rain pour 56. ....................... had the restaurant opened ....................... people were flocking to eat there. A. Hardly ... than B. No sooner ... that C. No sooner ... than D. Hardly ... that 57. Under the tree ....................... full of food. A. a basket was B. was a basket C. are a basket D. were a basket 58. ............................, he would have been able to pass the exam. A. If he studied harder last year B. Provided he studied hard last year C. Studying harder last year D. Had he studied harder last year 59. ............................ will Mr. Dennis be able to regain control of the company. A. With hard work B. Despite his hard work C. Only if he works hardly D. Only by working hard 60. ............................ had I arrived home than it began to rain. A. No sooner B. Hardly C. Scarcely D. Rarely 61. Only after food has been dried or canned ............................ A. it should be stored for future use. B. that it should be stored for future use. C. should it be stored for future use. D. should it store for future use. B. Choose the best correct answer that has the meaning near the same given sentence before. 1. I write to her almost every day. A. Not a day goes by unless my writing to her. B. Hardly does a day go by without my writing to her. C. No day go by without my writing to her. D. Almost every day goes by without my writing for her. 2. The noise next door didn‟t stop until midnight. A. It was not until midnight that the noise next door stopped. B. Not until midnight did the noise next door stopped. C. Only when midnight did the noise next door stopped. D. Hardly did the noise next door stopped when it was midnight. 3. He started computer programming as soon as he left school. A. No sooner had he started computer programming than he left school. B. Hardly had he started computer programming when he left school. C. No sooner had he left school than he started computer programming. D. After he left school, he had started computer programming. 4. He spent all his money. He even borrowed some from me. A. As soon as he borrowed some money from me, he spent it all. B. Hardly had he borrowed some money from me when he spent it all. C. Not only did he spent all his money but also he borrowed some from me. D. Not only did he spend all his money but he borrowed some from me as well. 5. She only felt relaxed after a few months working for him. A. She used to feel relaxed working for him a few months. B. A few months ago, she didn‟t find it relaxed working for him. C. Only after a few months working for him did she feel relaxed. D. It was not until a few months working for him did she feel relaxed. 6. Right after his appointment to the post, he fell ill. A. No sooner did he appointed to the post than he fell ill. B. No sooner had he appointed to the post than he fell ill. C. Hardly had he appointed to the post when he fell ill. Địa chỉ: 92 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu – P. ĐaKao – Q.1 – Tp. HCM Điện thoại: (08) 36.016.768 – 0908.348.745 (Th. Nam) trang: 70 Email: qsc45com@gmail.com Website:www.qsc45.com
  • Trung tâm Luyện thi Đại học CLC QSC-45 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Giảng viên: LÝ SIÊU HẢI D. Hardly had he been appointed to the post when he fell ill. Just after solving one problem, I was faced with another. A. Scarcely had I solved one problem when I was faced with another. B. Hardly had I solved one problem when I was faced with another. C. No sooner had I solved one problem than I was faced with another. D. All are correct. A country cannot be prosperous if it is not quite independent. A. Unless a country is quite independent, it can be prosperous. B. Without complete independence, a country can be prosperous. C. Only when a country is quite independent can it be prosperous. D. It is not until a country is quite independent can it be prosperous. I only recognized him when he came into the light. A. Only when I recognized him, he came into the light. B. It wasn‟t until he came into the light that I recognized him C. Not until he came into the light I did recognize him D. I did not recognize him even when he came into the light. We couldn‟t relax until all the guests had left. A. Not until all the guests had left could we relax. B. It wasn‟t until all the guests had left that we could relax. C. It wasn‟t until all the guests had left could we relax. D. A and B are correct The phone stopped ringing the moment I got downstairs. A. No sooner had the phone stopped ringing than I got downstairs. B. After the phone had stopped ringing, I got downstairs. C. Hardly had the phone stopped ringing when I got downstairs. D. No sooner had I got downstairs than the phone stopped ringing. The light failed the moment they began work. A. But for the light failed, they would have begun work. B. Hardly did they begin work when the light failed. C. Hardly had they begun work when the light failed. D. As soon as the light failed, they began work. She didn‟t shed a tear as the play ended in tragedy. A. The tragedy play wasn‟t good for her to shed tear. B. Without her tear, the play didn‟t end tragically. C. So tragic was the play that she didn‟t shed a tear. D. Not a tear did she shed when the play ended in tragedy. ****************************************************** Địa chỉ: 92 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu – P. ĐaKao – Q.1 – Tp. HCM Điện thoại: (08) 36.016.768 – 0908.348.745 (Th. Nam) trang: 71 Email: qsc45com@gmail.com Website:www.qsc45.com