1. Active Learning Seminars Presented by Nigel Veal
2. Please take part!
3. for IELTSWriting Task 2
4. Task 2: Write an essay discussing anargument or a point of view, using aminimum of 250 words.
5. Time allowed: 40 minutes
6. Make sure your writingf cuses on the reader
7. • Do not use contractions such as can’t, I’ll,don’t or abbreviations such as eg.• Do not use slang such as kids, guys or stuff.• Do not make personal comments directly toyour reader, such as I hope you like my essay.
8. 1. the topicUnderstand 2. the task
9. TopicIt is inevitable that as technology developsso traditional culture will be lost.Technology and tradition are incompatible.
10. TaskTo what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
11. Plan your essay
12. Section Plan for sample Task 2 essayThe introduction State viewpoint: Strongly disagree, technology and tradition are compatible.The body Support this viewpoint: Argument 1: in many countries they live side by side, eg Japan. Argument 2: throughout history, technology has been incorporated into traditional cultures, eg the introduction of tractors. Argument 3: technology can preserve traditional cultures, eg ancient manuscripts, artifacts.The conclusion Re-state viewpoint: Traditional cultures are not necessarily lost through the development of technology.
13. Paraphrase the question stem!
15. State your viewpoint
16. In my opinion, I think…
17. In order to predict, practise using modal verbs of possibility.For example, the world may/might/could/improve (if therewere a world government).
18. Write in paragraphs
19. The body of your essayReason 1 First/First of all… One reason for this viewpoint is that…Reason 2 Second… In addition…Reason 3 Third/Finally… Another reason is that…
20. Opinion essays
21. The issue What should we do about the traffic?The writer expresses her I think we can improve the traffic problem byviewpoint about this issue. improving public transport.She proposes a suggestion. The government should build an undergroundShe draw a conclusion. train system.She puts forward arguments Many people would leave their cars at home andto support her claim. use the train if it were reliable and cheap. Improving public transport is more efficient and better for the environment.She quotes evidence to The government’s own surveys in 2012support her claim. concluded that over 20% of people would use a new train system regularly.She argues against someone I don’t agree with the government that we mustelse’s claims. build roads to solve the traffic problem. More roads will lead to more cars.
22. Support your opinion with reasons.Support your reasons with examples.
23. Words in argumentative textsan opinion a fact a viewpoint a stance a positionto argue for to argue against to put forward an argumentto claim to make a claim to support to prove to implyto indicate to showevidence an implicationto conclude to draw a conclusion to come to a conclusion
24. Balanced argument essay
25. Example of a balanced argument essayStatement For AgainstSchool uniforms • Uniforms are expensive so • If students wear a uniform,should be abolished not having to buy them saves they won’t pressure theirin all schools money. parents to buy designer/ fashionable clothes that some families can’t afford. • Children can show their • Wearing a uniform can foster individuality. a sense of pride in their school. • Wearing a uniform will • Students will always find a prevent students being way to pass judgment on judged on the way they look. their peers.
26. Task 2 assessment criteria1. Task Response2. Coherence and Cohesion3. Lexical Resource4. Grammatical Range and Accuracy
27. Cohesive phrases include wordings like:Because of this, …As this shows, …As can clearly be seen from this example, …It is clear that…Thus, the idea that…To illustrate this, …After analyzing both points of view, …Without a doubt, this causes…
28. Linking parts of your essay together
29. consequently on the other hand because because moreover moreover in the same way in the same way other wise other wiseExpressing contrast Adding further supportbut in additionhowever alsonevertheless furthermoreyetExpressing similarities Expressing conditionslikewise ifsimilarly unless when whetherProviding reasons Stating resultsin order to thusso as not to as a resultso that so
31. Be careful
32. Although governments have a role to play,but it is ultimately individuals who need tobe persuaded to choose more sustainableforms of transport.
33. Paraphrasingexcessive number of = too manyleads to = causesmany problems = numerous problemsin order to = so as totackle these problems = solve these problems
34. Traffic Problems
35. Countable and uncountable nouns advice advance advice fact pollution money toxin transport traffic transport traffic knowledge news progress progress machinery information research travel dollar journey travel vehicle politics equipment report equipment machine
36. exhaust fumesexhausted smoke
37. Man, I’m exhausted!
38. Think of your essay as a sandwich
39. Vary your sentence structure
40. Gerunds are very versatile
41. If a person appears to be relatively wealthy, perhapsowning an expensive car, living in a nice house and livinggenerally enjoying a high standard of living, thenmost people would say this person is successful.
42. Passing exams or completing a coursecan be considered successful activities.
43. Another type of success can be achievedsimply by doing one’s own particularjob effectively.
44. Don’t try to translate your ideas from Vietnamese into English!