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Mr. Sebastian Belle - Problems, Stumbling Blocks and Solutions for U.S. Aquaculture
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Mr. Sebastian Belle - Problems, Stumbling Blocks and Solutions for U.S. Aquaculture

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Problems, Stumbling Blocks and Solutions for U.S. Aquaculture - Mr. Sebastian Belle, Executive Director, Maine Aquaculture Association, from the 2013 NIAA Merging Values and Technology conference, …

Problems, Stumbling Blocks and Solutions for U.S. Aquaculture - Mr. Sebastian Belle, Executive Director, Maine Aquaculture Association, from the 2013 NIAA Merging Values and Technology conference, April 15-17, 2013, Louisville, KY, USA.

More presentations at http://www.trufflemedia.com/agmedia/conference/2013-niaa-merging-values-and-technology

Published in: Business, Technology

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  • Public review but protects private proprietary information
  • We are running out ,of ingredients and need to change our approach GLOBALLY ANNUALLY >100,000 SQUARE KILOMETERS CROPLAND REMOVED FROM CULTIVATION. KNOWN WORLD PHOSPHORUS RESERVES RUN OUT IN 2050 GROUNDWATER EXTRACTION RATES EXCEED RECHARGE RATES IN 87% OF KNOW AQUIFERS 2009 MAIZE, RICE AND WHEAT YIELD GAINS PLATEAUED CHANGING WEATHER AND PRECIPITATION PATTERNS NATIONALLY ONE ACRE OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IS LOST DUE TO URBANIZATION FOR EVERY PERSON ADDED TO THE U.S. POPULATION. AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY GAINS FLAT BIOFUELS REDUCING ACREAGE IN FOOD PRODUCTION
  • It’s also useful to look at efficiency And consider life-cycle environmental costs
  • It’s also useful to look at efficiency And consider life-cycle environmental costs
  • NOTE NUMBER OF SALTWATER SPECIES – MANY IN EARLY STAGE OF DEVO PRODUCTION VOLUME DOWN IN RECENT YEARS GROWTH ESSENTIALLY FLAT SINCE 2009 4300 FARMS SLIGHTLY MISLEADING DUE TO SMALL UNIT DEFINITION OF FARM
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    • 1. PROBLEMS, STUMBLING BLOCKS AND SOLUTIONS FOR U.S. AQUACULTURE MAINE AQUACULTURE ASSOCIATION KEEPING MAINE’S WORKING WATERFRONTS WORKING GOOD JOBS - RESPONSIBLE STEWARDSHIP - HEALTHY FOOD
    • 2. BY 2030 AVERAGE STANDARD OF LIVING IN CHINA AND INDIA = US
    • 3. SMALL LIFEBOAT, LOTS OF OCCUPANTS 9.6 BILLION BY 2050 FOOD PRODUCTION MUST DOUBLE
    • 4. BIG AND INCREASING NEED LIMITED RESOURCES ARABLE LAND – FRESH WATER - NUTRIENTS
    • 5. “The world is in transition from an era of food abundance to one of scarcity, rising food prices and spreading hunger. Population growth, rising affluence, and the conversion of food into fuels are combining to raise consumption by record amounts. Extreme soil erosion, growing water shortages, and the earth’s rising temperature are making it more difficult to expand production. Unless we can reverse such trends, food prices will continue to rise and hunger will continue to spread, eventually bringing down our social system.” Lester Brown 2012 COST AND AVAILABILITY OF FOOD, ENERGY AND WATER WILL BE THE SOCIAL DRIVERS IN NEXT CENTURIES
    • 6. 25 % OF EARTHS SURFACE IS LAND 30% OF THAT LANDMASS IS ARABLE ONLY 7.5% OF THE WORLDS SURFACE AREA MUST FEED THE WORLD
    • 7. UNLESS……..? 75 % OF EARTHS SURFACE IS WATER MOST SOLAR RADIATION HITS THE EARTH IN UNFARMED AREA GROWING FOOD IN WATER HAS KEY ADVANTAGES
    • 8. EFFICIENCIES OF DIFFERENT ANIMAL PROTEIN SECTORS INPUT REQUIREMENTS TO PRODUCE 1 KG RAW PRODUCT 8 kg feed 1857 gallons 3 kg feed 756 gallons 2 kg feed 469 gallons 1.1 kg feed 32 gallons Aquatic animals 10-20% more efficient than land animals at converting energy to meat and protein One acre of farmed mussels produces 1000 x 0 kg feed .001 gallons
    • 9. EFFICIENCIES OF DIFFERENT PLANT PRODUCTION FRESHWATER REQUIRED TO PRODUCE 1 KG RAW PRODUCT Wheat 1500 Liters Corn 1400 Liters Rice 4700 Liters Seaweed .01 Liters Aquatic Plants -10% more efficient than land plants at converting energy to raw product -Little or No fertilizer required -Little or No freshwater required
    • 10. IT’S ABOUT SPACE AND RESOURCES IN THE FUTURE WE WILL GROW MOST OF OUR FOOD IN WATER
    • 11. THE FARMER OF THE FUTURE
    • 12. • HUNTER / GATHERERS HERDSMEN – 8000 YEARS AGO – LAND RESOURCES – 2000 YEARS AGO FOR AQUATIC RESOURCES – DRIVEN BY RESOURCE LIMITS AND INCREASED POPULATION TRANSITION FROM WILD TO FARM • FENCING IN WILD ANIMALS – TRAP AND HOLD • SUPPLEMENTAL FEEDING • CLOSING THE LIFE CYCLE • IMPROVING PERFORMANCE – SELECTION – TECHNOLOGY AQUACULTURE A SHORT HISTORY
    • 13. World Edible Seafood Supply And Forecast 1991-2030 Growth in Aquaculture, Not Wild 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 2030 Million Metric Tons Wild Aquaculture Source: FAO 34 % 52%
    • 14. BRIC AND CHINA IN PARTICULAR AS A GAME CHANGER • From 1985 to 2005 domestic demand for seafood in China has increased from 7kg to 25kg per capita • 2010 China flips from net exporter to importer • China projected to double its per capita spending on seafood products between 2008 and 2020 Source: K.B. Lindkvist et al. / Marine Policy 32 (2008)
    • 15. MAINE AQUACULTURE ≈ 600 SPECIES CULTURED 62% FRESH WATER 30% SALT WATER 8% BRACKISH FARM GATE ≈$125 BILLION 8.8% ANNUAL GROWTH RATE 1980 – 2010 SUPPLIES AND EQUIPMENT $20.5 BILLION 2009 11.6% ANNUAL GROWTH ≈16.6 MILLION EMPLOYED WORLDWIDE SOURCE: FAO 2012
    • 16. GLOBAL STATUS /TRENDS 2012 Source: FAO 2012
    • 17. NATIONAL STATUS AND TRENDS • >90% OF SEAFOOD IMPORTED • <2% OF IMPORTS INSPECTED (CONTAMINANTS, RESIDUES) • ~59% OF ALL SEAFOOD CONSUMED IN US IS FARMED • SIGNIFICANT CONTRIBUTION TO U.S. TRADE DEFICIT >$10.6 BILLION (DOC 2011) • 2010 SEAFOOD I'D AS NATIONAL SECURITY RISK • US AQUACULTURE >$1.5 BILLION (FARM GATE) • ~4200 FARMS (MOST FRESHWATER) SOURCES: DOC 2011,USDA 2011,FDA 2010, NOAA 2010, URNER BARRY 2011, NSA 2010
    • 18. US AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION MAINE AQUACULTURE • ≈ 81 SPECIES CULTURED • # SPECIES 47% FRESHWATER 42% SALTWATER • SPECIES BREAKDOWN 65% FINFISH 35% SHELLFISH • PRODUCTION VOLUME ≈ 500,000 METRIC TONS (2008) • TONNAGE 80% FRESH WATER 20% SALT WATER • COMBINED VALUE $1.1 BILLION • 1.8% ANNUAL GROWTH RATE 1980 – 2008 • 4300 FARMS ≈5600 DIRECT EMPLOYMENT (2005) SOURCE: USDA 2011, FAO 2012
    • 19. SHARE OF CONSUMPTION SUPPLIED BY DOMESTIC PRODUCTION Source: USDA2010,USDOC2012
    • 20. • LACK OF VISION AND LEADERSHIP • LACK OF INDUSTRY COORDINATION • LACK OF POLITICAL WILL AND LEADERSHIP • DIFFICULT SOCIAL LICENSE (PUBLIC WATERS) • LACK OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT INCENTIVES • LACK OF CROP INSURANCE AND RISK MANAGEMENT • FEDERAL AGENCY CONFLICTS • LACK OF THERAPEUTANTS US AQUACULTURE CHALLENGES
    • 21. • SPECIES CHOICES • TECHNOLOGY CHOICES • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS • ERODING WORKING WATERFRONT INFRASTRUCTURE • RESEARCH AND EXTENSION NONCOMMERCIAL FOCUS • ENGO ENGAGEMENT IN NATIONAL OCEAN POLICY US AQUACULTURE SECONDARY CHALLENGES
    • 22. CHALLENGES = OPPORTUNITIES = CHOICES UNDERLYING FUNDAMENTALS STRONG • WORLD NEEDS FOOD • U.S. NEEDS JOBS, 3RD LARGEST SEAFOOD MARKET • INCREASING CONCERNS ABOUT FOOD COST, FOOD SAFETY AND NATIONAL SECURITY • U.S. EEZ LARGER THAN US LAND MASS • FOOD CONVERSION, ENERGY AND WATER USE MORE EFFICIENT THAN OTHER FOOD PRODUCTION METHODS • INCREASED ENERGY COSTS WILL INCREASE COST OF FOOD TRANSPORT AND IMPORTS • WE NEED A NATIONAL “BLUE SPACE” PROGRAM • MAINE IS ALREADY AHEAD OF THE CURVE
    • 23. • RESOLVE FEDERAL AGENCY CONFLICT • DEFINE SPECIALTY CROPS TO INCLUDE AQUACULTURE • CREATE NATIONAL AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM – NATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM – REGIONAL DEMONSTRATION FARMS – REGIONAL BREEDING STATIONS AND HATCHERIES – STARTUP CAPITAL AND FINANCING – RISK MANAGEMENT TOOLS – TAX / INVESTMENT INCENTIVES – REDUCED REGULATORY BARRIERS TO ENTRY – CONSUMER EDUCATION AND MARKETING • CREATE NATIONAL WORKING WATERFRONT PROGRAM • REFOCUS RESEARCH AND EXTENSION RESOURCES US AQUACULTURE SOLUTIONS
    • 24. • HIGH WATER QUALITY • SPACE • WORKING WATERFRONT INFRASTRUCTURE • PROXIMITY TO MARKET • FOOD SAFETY BRAND • RESEARCH AND EXTENSION RESOURCES • DIVERSE GROWING CONDITIONS US AQUACULTURE STRENGTHS
    • 25. WHO KNOWS?
    • 26. MAINE AQUACULTURE KEEPING WORKING WATERFRONTS WORKING
    • 27. Thanks Contact Me Sebastian Belle P.O. Box 148 Hallowell, ME 04347 207 622 0136