Hispanic Labor in the Swine Industry…  a Thing of the Past?
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Hispanic Labor in the Swine Industry… a Thing of the Past?

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Hispanic Labor in the Swine Industry… a Thing of the Past? By Orlando Gil

Hispanic Labor in the Swine Industry… a Thing of the Past? By Orlando Gil

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  • 1. Hispanic Labor in the Swine Industry… a Thing of the Past? Orlando Gil Training Connections-Translation Services “Helping Bridge the Gap with the Latino Workforce in the Agricultural Industry” World Pork Expo June 4th, 2009
  • 2. Why This Topic?  Labor shortage predicted?  Aging of America  76 million baby boomers reaching retirement age?  On-going evaluation of alternative labor options?
  • 3. # of Lost Jobs US Bureau of Labor Statistics 0 January February March April -100,000 -200,000 -300,000 -400,000 -500,000 -539,000 -600,000 -700,000 -681,000 -699,000 -741,000 -800,000
  • 4. Unemployment Rates Jan08-Apr09 16.0% 15.0% 14.0% 12.6% 13.3% 11.9% 13.4% 12.0% 11.4% 11.3% 11.3% 11.3% 10.7% 11.4% 10.9% 10.0% 9.2% 9.0% 8.8% 9.9% 9.7% 9.7% Black 8.4% 9.4% 9.2% 8.0% 8.0% 8.8% 8.6% Latino 8.1% 7.9% 7.9% White 6.5% 6.3% 7.7% 7.5% 7.3% 7.0% 7.0% 7.0% 6.9% 6.0% 6.6% 6.0% 6.2% 4.4% 4.4% 4.5% 4.4% 5.5% 5.5% 5.0% 5.2% 4.9% 4.0% 2.0% 0.0% y y ch il ay st r er r r y y ch il ar ar pr ne ly be be be ar ar pr nu ru ar M Ju Ju ug u ob nu ru ar b M A em ct em ce m b M A Ja Fe A pt O ov Ja Fe Se N De Source: Labor Bureau April 09
  • 5. New Entrants to Labor Force Jan-Dec 2008 800 700 600 500 54% % of New Labor Mkt Entrants 400 Civilian Workforce In Thousands 37% 300 200 9% 100 0 Total Labor Force Latino Black White Source: National Council of La Raza 09
  • 6. Labor Shortage in Swine Industry  Age 25-30  1990 – 26.7%  2000 – 17.8%  2005 – 14.8%  Decrease of 44.5% in 15 yrs  How do we deal with the shortage? Survey by NPB 2005
  • 7. Average Age of Principal Operator 58 56 54 52 50 48 46 1978 1982 1987 1992 1997 2002 2007 USDA 2007
  • 8. Who is Going to Care for These Pigs?
  • 9. Labor Shortage…  We need someone that can do the work!  We need someone that is willing to do the work!
  • 10. Some of the Labor Challenges in Production Agriculture…  Distance to work location – transportation costs, time  Dirty job, physical  Long hours  Holidays, weekends  Hot/cold environments  Mainstream perception
  • 11. What Are Some of The Options?  Labor options  Mature workers  Young workers  Physically challenged  Immigrant work force  Hispanics
  • 12. Hispanic Workforce… A Solution to a Growing Challenge?
  • 13. Why Consider Hispanics? 1) Change in demographics 2) Change in demographics 3) Change in demographics
  • 14. Demographic Changes  Diversity has increased  More women and minority operators  More operators working off- farm  Farmers continue to get older
  • 15. Hispanic Population in the United States: 1970 to 2050 102.6 Population in millions 87.6 73.0 59.7 47.8 35.3 22.4 14.6 9.6 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010* 2020* 2030* 2040* 2050* Census Projections* *Projected Population as of July 1 US Census Bureau 2006 16 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000 Decennial Censuses; Population Projections, July 1, 2010 to July 1, 2050
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  • 21. Hispanic Demographics  Largest minority in the United States  More than 45 million strong and growing  ~15.1% of total population  1 out of every 3 workers entering workforce  Will reach 132.8 million by 2050  More than 30% of total population  More than 55% of its workers Source: Pew Hispanic Center 2008
  • 22. Population Trends for USA  438 million in 2050 – USA will grow 48%  82% increase due to immigrants and their US descendants  1 in 5 will be an immigrant  Whites will become minority (47%)  Nation‟s elderly will double in size  By 2025, 1 out of 2 people born will be Hispanic Source: US Census Bureau 2008
  • 23. Fastest Growth Rates in the Country U.S. Population Annual Growth Rate 2000-2006 4.1% 3.0% 1.3% 1.1% Total U.S. Hispanic African-American Asian-American Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006
  • 24. Why Consider Hispanics?  United States built on immigration  Immigration direction  East to west  South to north
  • 25. Melting Pot Vs. Salad Bowl?  English  Germans  Irish  Swedish  Norwegians  Polish  Hispanics
  • 26. Melting Pot Vs. Salad Bowl?  English  Germans  Irish  Swedish  Norwegians  Polish  Hispanics
  • 27. Hispanics Have Younger & Larger Families Hispanic Total U.S. Median Age: 27.6 Median Age: 36.6 HH Size: 3.5 HH Size: 2.6 Source: Census, American Community Survey, 2007
  • 28. Blanca Josefina Ernesto José Ricardo José Orlando José Jr. Carlos José Alfredo José Garrett José Tanner José Orlando José Sr. Herman José José Rafael
  • 29. Neco José Nina Josefina
  • 30. Oreo José
  • 31. Bento José Perpetua Josefina
  • 32. With more than 45 Million Hispanics, U.S. is Now 2nd Largest Latin American ‘Country’ in the World  Hispanic Population in the World  Mexico – 108.2 million  USA – 45.5 million  Spain – 40.4 million  Colombia – 43 million  Argentina – 39 million Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008
  • 33. Understanding Hispanics… Where are we from? Other Hispanic South American, 3%  South American 5%  Argentine Dominican  Bolivian 3%  Chilean Mexican  Colombian Cuban  Ecuadorian 4% 67%  Paraguayan  Peruvian  Uruguayan Central American  Venezuelan 9% Puerto Rican  Central American 9%  Costa Rican  Guatemalan  Honduran  Nicaraguan  Panamanian  Salvadorian Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2006
  • 34. Reasons Why Hispanics Are Coming to the USA…  Opportunities  The American dream  Economics  Poverty  Looking for a better life  Money  Family in the U.S.  Political situation in country of origin
  • 35. Will We Stay?  1st Generation Hispanics  Will they go back to die in country of origin?  2nd Generation Hispanics  May go back to see “what‟s the big deal”  Will some stay?  3rd Generation and beyond  Why would we want to go back?
  • 36. Fluency in the English Language  1st Generation – 23%  2nd Generation – 88%  3rd+ Generation – 94% Pew Hispanic Center 2006
  • 37. $$$ Spent on Advertising… Broadcasting Media Partners $192,790,531 Procter & Gamble Corp $175,190,922 AT&T Inc $127,552,062 General Motors Corp $110,350,867 Toyota Motor Corp $108,015,836 McDonalds Corp $107,282,828 Verizon Communications $100,233,695 US Government $90,886,141 Johnson & Johnson $86,577,477 Sears Holding Corp $77,234,453 Ford Motor Corp $68,413,148 Wal-Mart Stores Inc $64,791,992 Hispanic Business May „09
  • 38. Successful Employers will…  Overcome language barriers  Will learn about the culture and share their own  Develop an organizational culture that accepts and appreciates the differences that individual employees bring to the workplace  Clearly communicate expectations so that these are understood and followed by all employees
  • 39. Successful Employers will…  Communicate the organization‟s vision  Implement from the “top” down  Help Hispanic employees integrate to the team, organization and community  Be active in their communities and be an advocate for their employees
  • 40. Hispanic Labor in the Swine Industry… a Thing of the Past?
  • 41. Support for this presentation was provided by the National Pork Board and the Pork Checkoff.
  • 42. ¡Gracias !
  • 43. For More Information… Orlando Gil Training Connections Translation Services translat@mtcnet.net 712-240-0624