2011 Trip to Russia - ASF
Lisa J. Becton, DVM, MS
Dir. Swine Health Information and
Research
Fun facts about ASF
• Asfarviridae
• Swine-specific virus
• Very hardy in the environment
– Can withstand wide range of pH...
How is it transmitted?
• Maintained in specific ticks
• Infected pigs, meat/scraps
– Also infected equipment
• Feral pigs/...
What does it do to the pig?
• High fever (105-106 F; normal is ~ 101 F)
• Rapid death after infection (<7 days pi – high
v...
How can it be controlled?
• Speedy diagnosis and euthanasia of sick pigs
• Burn/bury facilities (old with raw wood)
• Disi...
So, why Go to Russia?
Why is ASF of concern?
• ASF is a Foreign Animal Disease
– Never has been in the U.S.
• ASF research/development not been ...
Why is ASF of concern?
• The Russian Federation has seen a dramatic
increase in outbreaks since 2008
• Spread of ASF throu...
Attendees for the trip to Russia…
Sites visited:
• Russian National Swine Breeders Union, Moscow
• National Center for Virology and Microbiology,
Pokrov
• A...
So why is Russia having such a hard time
controlling ASF?
Agricultural Production
Rosstat
45.90%
7.70%
46.40%
Agricultural
Enterprises
Peasant Private
Farms
Private Households
Pork
Per Capita Consumption 2010
Russia 48.4 lbs USA 59.8
lbs
47.0%
3.3%
49.8%
Ag
Enterprises
Farmers
Household
s
USDA PSD...
Russian Pork Production
• Majority of production is small
stakeholders/peasant farms
• Only have started to grow “commerci...
Role of State
General
Implementing State Programs, e.g.:
 Development of Agriculture, 2008-12
 Development of Beef Breed...
Million Head
Long Term Swine Production
Russia: 453,390 sq-mi of Arable Land
(United States: 637,092 sq-mi)
CIA World Factbook
Russia Pure-bred Cattle Imports by
Destination
#1
#2
#3
#4
#5
#6
Top Pork Producing Areas
ASF Outbreaks
Possible Spread of African Swine Fever from Endemic
Zone
Endemic Zone
Risk Zone
Isolated
Incidents
What is the current status for ASF?
• Newest infection reported = Republic of Karelia
(bordering Finland)
– Reported on 2-...
Impacts and Outcomes
• Impact for ASF in Russia:
– Total damages ~ $3 billion roubles ($110 million US)
– 50% decrease in ...
Impacts and Outcomes
• For the U.S.
– Strengthen research on ASF
– Develop/validate U.S. test kits
– Focus on on-farm bios...
Outcomes for ASF
• Increased awareness of this damaging disease
• Increased focus and funding for ASF
– Oral fluid testing...
Questions?
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Dr. Lisa Becton - African Swine Fever Situation in Russia

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African Swine Fever Situation in Russia - Dr. Lisa Becton, Director of Swine Health Information & Research, National Pork Board, from the 2012 Annual Conference of the National Institute for Animal Agriculture, March 26 - 29, Denver, CO, USA.

More presentations at: http://www.trufflemedia.com/agmedia/conference/2012-decreasing-resources-increasing-regulation-advance-animal-agriculture

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  • Almost half output comes from private households with average 1 acre plots. Agricultural enterprises usually remnants of old state collective farms. Large producers consolidated agro-business sector. Higher yields, more modern technologies. Interest in grain exports. http://www.ers.usda.gov/amberwaves/june10/features/fsuwheat.htm
  • $105 million spent last year to combat drought, lack of seeds. Freeze prices for mineral fertilizers. http://www.regnum.ru/news/fd-nw/1380714.html. $5.1 billion in 2011 budget for developing ag sector. Twice 2010 figure. Wheat export ban.
    $203 million in support of livestock/crop production
    $117 million to support breeding cattle
    $33 million to prevent excessive slaughter of beef and dairy cattle breeding herd
    $167 million for each region that didn’t reduce breeding livestock herd in 2010
    $417 million for new subsidies to maintain positive dynamics of livestock production and ensure reasonable prices
    $167 for agricultural insurance
    Performance based subsidies of $0.15/lb of pork and $0.08/lb of poultry
  • 7% of land is arable in Russia compared to 18% in America
  • На территории юга России сложилась эндемическая по АЧС ситуация. «заболевание фиксируется на территории три года подряд или в течение трёх из пяти последовательных лет». АЧС неудержимо распространяется со скоростью 360 км в год. По прогнозам, территория сформировавшегося очага стремится к территории Франции. Учитывая опыт стран, в которых бушевала АЧС, рассчитывать на быструю ликвидацию не приходится, так, в Испании начали проводить интенсивную Национальную программу по искоренению АЧС в 1989 г. И лишь к 1996 г. Страна смогла свести болезнь к нулю.
    По-видимому, занос в Европу АЧС неизбежен и это лишь вопрос времени (с 2007 г. АЧС распространяется по России со скоростью 360 км в год), однако, можно сократить потери, для чего необходимо объединить научные знания и усилить взаимодействие ветеринарных служб всех стран, попадающих в зону риска поражения АЧС, поскольку, продолжительность искоренения АЧС зависит от интенсивности проводимых в странах мероприятий.
  • Dr. Lisa Becton - African Swine Fever Situation in Russia

    1. 1. 2011 Trip to Russia - ASF Lisa J. Becton, DVM, MS Dir. Swine Health Information and Research
    2. 2. Fun facts about ASF • Asfarviridae • Swine-specific virus • Very hardy in the environment – Can withstand wide range of pH – Resistant to certain disinfectants – Can be killed by high heat
    3. 3. How is it transmitted? • Maintained in specific ticks • Infected pigs, meat/scraps – Also infected equipment • Feral pigs/wild boars – Can travel up to 400km – African warthog is a not affected
    4. 4. What does it do to the pig? • High fever (105-106 F; normal is ~ 101 F) • Rapid death after infection (<7 days pi – high virulence) • Looks like other diseases (PRRS, PCV, Salmonella)
    5. 5. How can it be controlled? • Speedy diagnosis and euthanasia of sick pigs • Burn/bury facilities (old with raw wood) • Disinfection and downtime for modern facilities • Aggressive biosecurity measures • But…NO vaccine is available
    6. 6. So, why Go to Russia?
    7. 7. Why is ASF of concern? • ASF is a Foreign Animal Disease – Never has been in the U.S. • ASF research/development not been well-funded • Has been ignored as a disease of Africa and not considered as a threat to the U.S. • Looks like other diseases of swine with high fever
    8. 8. Why is ASF of concern? • The Russian Federation has seen a dramatic increase in outbreaks since 2008 • Spread of ASF throughout the country has been dramatic! • In 2011, looked for opportunities to learn about ASF and collaborate with researchers/scientists from Russia
    9. 9. Attendees for the trip to Russia…
    10. 10. Sites visited: • Russian National Swine Breeders Union, Moscow • National Center for Virology and Microbiology, Pokrov • All-Russian Research Institute of Animal Health, Vladimir (also an OIE FMDV center)
    11. 11. So why is Russia having such a hard time controlling ASF?
    12. 12. Agricultural Production Rosstat 45.90% 7.70% 46.40% Agricultural Enterprises Peasant Private Farms Private Households
    13. 13. Pork Per Capita Consumption 2010 Russia 48.4 lbs USA 59.8 lbs 47.0% 3.3% 49.8% Ag Enterprises Farmers Household s USDA PSD and Rosstat 0 1 2 3 4 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Production (MMT CWE) Russia Consumption (MMT CWE) Russia
    14. 14. Russian Pork Production • Majority of production is small stakeholders/peasant farms • Only have started to grow “commercial” operations within the last several years • Many small farms house free-ranging pig with little to no biosecurity measures
    15. 15. Role of State General Implementing State Programs, e.g.:  Development of Agriculture, 2008-12  Development of Beef Breeding, 2009-12  Food Security Doctrine Spending $2.7 billion for interest rate subsidies out of $5.1 billion federal agriculture budget Sorting out regulations with Customs Union members Belarus and Kazakhstan Meat and Dairy  Currently investing heavily in dairy, livestock, and poultry production  Blocking Imports through Tariff Rate Quota’s (TRQ’s) and high tariffs for above quota imports  85% self-sufficiency target in poultry/meat and 90% in dairy production by 2020 Grains/Feed  State Intervention Stocks stabilize grain prices  Less active in promoting feed industry  $105 million spent last year fighting drought, lack of seeds  Frozen price of mineral fertilizers
    16. 16. Million Head Long Term Swine Production
    17. 17. Russia: 453,390 sq-mi of Arable Land (United States: 637,092 sq-mi) CIA World Factbook
    18. 18. Russia Pure-bred Cattle Imports by Destination #1 #2 #3 #4 #5 #6 Top Pork Producing Areas
    19. 19. ASF Outbreaks
    20. 20. Possible Spread of African Swine Fever from Endemic Zone Endemic Zone Risk Zone Isolated Incidents
    21. 21. What is the current status for ASF? • Newest infection reported = Republic of Karelia (bordering Finland) – Reported on 2-27-12 – Linked to waste feeding of contaminated hospital and school scraps to village pigs – At risk with populations of wild boar and on the seasonal edge of species distribution (i.e. they will move …far away)
    22. 22. Impacts and Outcomes • Impact for ASF in Russia: – Total damages ~ $3 billion roubles ($110 million US) – 50% decrease in # of large farms (compared to 2010) – Decrease of pigs by 35% between 2010-2012 – Rosselkhoznadzor cancelled licenses of many producers
    23. 23. Impacts and Outcomes • For the U.S. – Strengthen research on ASF – Develop/validate U.S. test kits – Focus on on-farm biosecurity – Focus testing on swill feeders (surveillance)
    24. 24. Outcomes for ASF • Increased awareness of this damaging disease • Increased focus and funding for ASF – Oral fluid testing – Genetic characterization of isolates – Potential vaccine development • Increased collaboration with Russian researchers
    25. 25. Questions?

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