WHAT IS A NARRATIVE PARAGRAPH? Narratives tell stories. Everyone has readnarratives, watched them on television or heardthem from other people. A narrative paragraphtells a short story or describes an event. In other words, it is a story about a personalmemory. It’s about a time so important that you don’tever want to forget.
What Would Make a Good Narrative and WhatWouldn’t? Good Choice A house fire A car accident A death Getting lost A scary time Bad Choice Getting out ofbed Eating dinner Meeting yourfriend
A Personal Narrative is... a story that really happened ( a true story). a story that happened to or observed by thewriter. a story that makes the reader think or feelthe same as the writer felt at that time a story that shows strong feelings. It presents the events in a clear order, usuallyaccording to when it happened. a story that is written in the first person. Usethese words:I, me, my, us, we
Common time transitions Before After During First Next Second Then Finally while Later At last Last Eventually Meanwhile Since Now Soon when
Writing a Narrative ParagraphA narrative paragraph has 3 parts:1. The topic sentence – introduces the experience2. The body sentences – share details that re-createthe experience3. The concluding sentence – reflects on theexperience
Guidelines of a Narrative Paragraph1) Write out the topic sentence and circle thepoint of view.2) List any background information.3) Briefly summarize the incident (writeseveral sentences telling what happened inyour own words)4) Write all of these sentences that supportyour point of view?5) Are the events in the story in chronologicalorder?
A UFO SightingI never believed in aliens before one nightlast year. It was a cold, dark winter evening, and Iwas walking home from a friend’s house. I stoppedto tie my shoe. When I looked up again, I saw around object coming toward me. It was very largeand shiny. I couldn’t believe what I was seeing.Before I could shout or run, the object suddenlymoved and then disappeared. After the objectdisappeared, I ran all the way home and called mybest friend. When she picked up the phone, Icouldn’t say anything. I knew she would think I wascrazy. I never told anyone about my UFO sighting.
Ask yourself questions:1. When was an important time in my life?2. What has happened in my experience that I wouldenjoy writing about?3. Is there an event in my life that other peoplewould enjoy hearing about?4. How did I feel about a particular experience?5. Who was involved?6. Why do I remember this event so strongly?7. What effect did it have on me?8. Did anything change because of this experience?9. What interesting experiences do I know of thathappened to other people?
Activity: Complete the middle parts of the two stories below.1) A Fright in the forest1. Suddenly I felt very cold and scared.2. I grew up in a small town in the countryside. Near my house wasa large forest, and my parents told me not to play there.3. After that day, I never went back to the forest.4. One day, I was playing in the forest with some of my schoolfriends.2)- A Strange Day in Class:1. I have been studying English for a few years and Ireally enjoy the classes.2. I heard everyone laughing. I woke up and realized itwas a dream.3. One day something unusual happened in class.4. The teacher was explaining grammar when I sawsomething strange
1. Write about a recent experience orincident you witnessed that left a strongimpression on you.2. Write about an event when you wereproud of someone in your family.3. Think of a time when you had to dosomething against your wishes.Or4. Think of a memorable experience you havehad – it could be frightening or amusing.
Verb Tenses in Narration(1)- Simple Past: It is used to express a completed action ata definite time in the past. It is also used to describe the sequenceof events in a narrative.1.Mohammed was driving along the road when suddenly hesaw a camel run out in front of him. He braked as hard as hecould but couldnt stop in time. The car hit the camel. Theman got out of the car and checked to see if the animal wasalive.2.The two men were crossing the desert when they heard aloud bang. It sounded like a rifle but they were not sure.They heard another shot but this time something hit the sideof the car. Now they were sure it was a gunshot.
Verb Tenses in Narration(2)- Past Continuous: (1) It is good for setting the scene; it is used todescribe the situation in which the events of the narrative occurred.1- When I woke up at 8am (1) the sun was shining (2) and the birdswere singing (2). I had a shower (3), ate some breakfast (4) and leftfor work at 9am.(5)(2) It is used for an action that was in progress for some time and isusually used with an action in the simple past.nMohammed was driving along the road when suddenly he ran out of petrol.nAs the two men were crossing the desert, they saw a camel.nWhen the lights went out, I was talking to my brother.
Verb Tenses in Narration(3)- Past Perfect Simple: It is to show an action or situation happenedBEFORE another event in the past.nWhen I woke up at 8am (1), the sun was shining and the birds weresinging. I had slept (2) really well the night before. I had a shower(3), ate some breakfast (4) and left for work at 9am. (5)nThe car was speeding down the deserted highway when the accidenthappened. The driver had fallen asleep at the wheel and driven straightinto a tree. Another car passed by. The driver saw what had happenedand stopped his car. He called the police and said that he hadwitnessed an accident.nI woke up at 7am and left for work after I had had a shower andeaten some breakfast.
Verb Tenses in Narration(4)- Past Perfect Continuous: It is used for longer activities thatwere happening continuously up until a specified time in the past.1.He looked very tired (1) because he had been workingvery hard (2) over the past three weeks.2.He hadnt heard the telephone ring because he had beenreading.
Activity 1: Change the verbs in brackets to the past tense: simple, continuous, orperfect1. While I _______________________(play) football I_______(hurt)my leg.2. The police _____(go) to the bank after a neighbour ______(phone)to tell them what __________(happen). They soon ____________(discover) that the robbers _____________ (escape) in a stolen car.The men _________ (kill) one of the guards who _________(try)to stop them as they _____________ (drive) away. The guard______________ (jump) out in front of them but they just_________________ (run) over him.3. Suddenly they _________(hear) a strange noise and _______(look)at each other in terror. All evening they ___________ (play) cardsand ____________ (watch) TV without thinking of the ghost.
Activity 2: Change the verbs in brackets to the past tense: simple, continuous, orperfectThe Unlucky BurglarOne evening Paul (watch) ____________ the television and(eat)____________ his supper when the door suddenly (open)____________ and a burglar (come) ____________ in. He (wear)____________ a mask and (carry) ____________ a sack. Beforedoing anything else, he (tie) ____________ Paul to the chair. Thenhe went upstairs to look for money. Although he (not find)____________ any money, he (find) ____________ a lot of jewelry,which he (put) ____________ into his sack. In his rush to getdownstairs, he (not see) ____________ the dog that (lie)____________ at the bottom of the stairs, and he (fall)____________ over it, losing his glasses. ____________ the burglar(look for) ____________ them, Paul (try) ____________ to freehimself. Finally, Paul (manage) ____________ to escape and he(phone) ____________ the police. When the burglar (find)____________ his glasses, he (run) ____________ out of the house.However, unfortunately for him, the police (wait) ____________for him at the end of the garden.
Activity 3: Complete the following with a suitable past tense:1. My landlord threw me out of my flat because (not pay the rent forsix months and break all the windows)2. When I eventually got to the meeting, I was bad tempered andexhausted! I (sit in traffic jam for 45 minutes, a motorist bumpinto me, and get completely lost)3. By the time 5 oclock arrived, Brenda was furious. She (wait for anhour, drink six cups of tea, and they not arrive.4. I was so depressed that I couldnt do the exam. I (study every dayfor two months and give up see my friends)5. After I (finish) my lunch, I went back to work.6. When the police (interview) me, they let me go home.7. As soon as I got home my brother (go out).8. The children had to stay in until the rain (stop).
Activity 4: Correct the mistakes with the simple past and the past continuous tense:When I am a university student about two years ago, Ienrolled in a scuba diving course. My scuba diving teacherwas having a big surprise: I wasn’t knowing how to swim. Infact, I had a big fear of water. When I was a child, myparents try to help me, so they make me take manyswimming lessons. Although I try hard, I didn’t learning toswim. When I enrolled in the scuba diving course, I was stillafraid of water. Everyday I entered the swimming pool, Ibattle my fear. Fortunately, my courage won every time.Finally, one day while I practicing my dive, I realized I wasdo very well. So, finally, after six months of hard work, Icompleted the course. It is true that I was always the worst ofthe group, but in my own evaluation, I was a championbecause I conquer my fear of water. For me, this experiencewas very important. It was a test of courage, and I pass it.