The Rock Cycle
Thinking about relationships among
the major rock groups
Major Rock Groups
• Igneous
– Formed from a melt (molten rock)
– Plutonic (intrusive):slow cooling and crystallization
– V...
Fig. 2.9

MAGMA
IGNEOUS

Crystallization

MAGMA
4
IGNEOUS
Plutonic
Crystallization

MAGMA
5
Volcanic
IGNEOUS
Plutonic
Crystallization

MAGMA
6
Weathering

Volcanic
IGNEOUS
Plutonic
Crystallization

Uplift

MAGMA
7
Weathering

SEDIMENT

Volcanic
IGNEOUS
Plutonic
Crystallization

Uplift

MAGMA
8
Weathering

SEDIMENT

Erosion
Transport

Deposition

Volcanic

SEDIMENTARY

IGNEOUS
Plutonic
Crystallization

Uplift

MAGM...
Weathering

SEDIMENT

Erosion
Transport

Deposition

Volcanic

SEDIMENTARY

IGNEOUS
Plutonic
Crystallization

Uplift

MAGM...
Weathering

SEDIMENT

Erosion
Transport

Deposition

Volcanic

SEDIMENTARY

IGNEOUS
Plutonic

Increased P&T

METAMORPHIC
C...
SEDIMENT

Weathering

Erosion
Transport

Volcanic
IGNEOUS

any shortcuts?

Deposition

Can you see

SEDIMENTARY

Plutonic
...
Weathering

SEDIMENT

Erosion
Transport

Deposition

Volcanic

SEDIMENTARY

IGNEOUS
Plutonic

Increased P&T

METAMORPHIC
C...
In Conclusion…
• The rock cycle demonstrates
the relationships among the
three major rock groups
• It is powered by the in...
Weathering

SEDIMENT

Erosion
Transport

Deposition

Volcanic

SEDIMENTARY

IGNEOUS
Plutonic

Increased P&T

METAMORPHIC
C...
Rock Cycle Notes
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Rock Cycle Notes

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Rock Cycle Notes

  1. 1. The Rock Cycle Thinking about relationships among the major rock groups
  2. 2. Major Rock Groups • Igneous – Formed from a melt (molten rock) – Plutonic (intrusive):slow cooling and crystallization – Volcanic (extrusion): quick cooling at the surface • Sedimentary – Formed at the Earth’s surface – Clastic (Mineral Fragments or grains, clays) – Chemical (crystalline chemical/biochemical precipitates) • Metamorphic – Changed by pressure, temperature and fluids. 2
  3. 3. Fig. 2.9 MAGMA
  4. 4. IGNEOUS Crystallization MAGMA 4
  5. 5. IGNEOUS Plutonic Crystallization MAGMA 5
  6. 6. Volcanic IGNEOUS Plutonic Crystallization MAGMA 6
  7. 7. Weathering Volcanic IGNEOUS Plutonic Crystallization Uplift MAGMA 7
  8. 8. Weathering SEDIMENT Volcanic IGNEOUS Plutonic Crystallization Uplift MAGMA 8
  9. 9. Weathering SEDIMENT Erosion Transport Deposition Volcanic SEDIMENTARY IGNEOUS Plutonic Crystallization Uplift MAGMA 9
  10. 10. Weathering SEDIMENT Erosion Transport Deposition Volcanic SEDIMENTARY IGNEOUS Plutonic Crystallization Uplift MAGMA 10
  11. 11. Weathering SEDIMENT Erosion Transport Deposition Volcanic SEDIMENTARY IGNEOUS Plutonic Increased P&T METAMORPHIC Crystallization Uplift MAGMA Burial 11
  12. 12. SEDIMENT Weathering Erosion Transport Volcanic IGNEOUS any shortcuts? Deposition Can you see SEDIMENTARY Plutonic Increased P&T METAMORPHIC Crystallization Melting Uplift MAGMA Burial 12
  13. 13. Weathering SEDIMENT Erosion Transport Deposition Volcanic SEDIMENTARY IGNEOUS Plutonic Increased P&T METAMORPHIC Crystallization Melting Uplift MAGMA Burial 13
  14. 14. In Conclusion… • The rock cycle demonstrates the relationships among the three major rock groups • It is powered by the interior heat of the Earth • As well as earth’s momentum and… • The energy from the sun • It involves processes on the Earth’s surface as well as the Earth’s interior • It connects the “hydrologic cycle” with the “tectonic cycle”.
  15. 15. Weathering SEDIMENT Erosion Transport Deposition Volcanic SEDIMENTARY IGNEOUS Plutonic Increased P&T METAMORPHIC Crystallization Melting Uplift MAGMA Burial 16

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