Storm Surge- Storm Surge is the temporary rise of sea level caused by a storm. Storm surge can add 5-10feet of water or more. http:// www.fema.gov/hazard/hurricane/hu_surge.shtm when wind blows toward the shore, water can pile up. Winds can raise water levels above predicted tides. Low atmospheric pressure can cause the ocean to mound up, raising the water level. On March 3, 1999, a storm surge of 4.6 feet, accompanied by 49.7 mile an hour winds, caused widespread coastal flooding. Wave heights exceeded 29.5 feet for over 5 hours, peaking at 34.8 feet. At Ocean Shores , several houses were damaged and a public restroom was destroyed”. The storm surge combined with wave action can cause extensive damage, severely erode beaches and flood coastal highways. With major storm like Katrina, Camille, and Hugo, complete devastation of coastal communities occurred. Many buildings withstand hurricane force winds until their foundations, undermined by storm surge erosion, are weakened and fail. http://media.shu.edu:8080/ramgen/tltc/renee/martha_fig/debris.rm http://media.shu.edu:8080/ramgen/tltc/renee/martha_fig/boardwalk.rm
One such business that has been flooded is this popular pizzeria on the Boardwalk.
This landmark in town is popular with the local inhabitants and summer tourists and is the sole source of income for the owner and his family.
The Case: The Lost pizzeria Skim this article to find out how unstable living on a barrier island really is. http://myweb.shu.edu/bbcswebdav/institution/Lecture123/Barrier%20Island%20Support%20Document.doc
The Environmentalist Erosion caused by Winter Storms Perform this lab with your group and discuss how storm waves accelerate beach erosion. Record in your field journal. http://myweb.shu.edu/bbcswebdav/institution/Lecture123/lab_activities_wave_erosion.doc
Locate your business on the boardwalk before the storm. Discuss if this is a good location for your business. Your Pizzeria Boardwalk The Pizzeria Owner
Compare the need for emergency management intervention in the October, December and January storms. Use the information on storm surges contained in the glossary on the CD to decide when emergency response is most needed. Record the differences in your field journal . Note: The picture to the right was from the January storm. Emergency Management Coordinator
The Insurance Adjustor This picture shows the sand that deposited after the water receded . Watch this video that shows water coming into this garage . http://media.shu.edu:8080/ramgen/tltc/renee/martha_fig/parking_garage.rm Share the damage done by sand and waves with the pizzeria owner. Give suggestions to reduce risks of future secondary liability insurance claims.
Read this article concerning the effects of storms on New Jersey beaches http://myweb.shu.edu/bbcswebdav/institution/Lecture123/on_shifting_sands.doc
Explanation of coastal storms http://media.shu.edu:8080/ramgen/tltc/danielle/earthscience/coastal_storms.rm
Compare to the damage done in our case. Record in your field journal.
What Actually Happened All the sand you see here was pumped onto the beach by the Army Corp of Engineers. This is considered a temporary solution. Sand will have to be added after future storms. The red line shows the eroded beach after the series of storms in this case.