Acode 48 Emerging Technologies

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Presentation at the ACODE 48 workshop. Norwegian governmental e-learning project involving open content, new technoligiers.

Presentation at the ACODE 48 workshop. Norwegian governmental e-learning project involving open content, new technoligiers.

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  • Hello, good morning everyone. Most of you I have already meet and


  • 1. (translated: education) Trond Håvard Hanssen [email_address] Head of Department ‘Learning resources and pedagogical use of ICT’ The Department’s goal is to: ”Help the individual with self-education by making digital learning resources more accessible ” Tromsø, the world’s nothernmost university city. Picture taken: 12:05 AM
  • 2.
    • Agenda
      • Short presentation of the Norwegian education system
      • Short presentation of and our services
      • Challenges when cooperation with universities
      • A presentation of a new learning content project
      • Questions, comments
  • 3.
    • All Universities and most University colleges and High schools are owned by the government
    • All courses/studies on government owned institutions are free of cost
    • All school books in lower levels including High school are free (All levels except universities)
    • Norway has 3 official languages Norwegian, New-Norwegian and Sami ( indigenous people )
    • Norway has a small population (<5 mill). The market for producing educational content in the languages spoken is tiny. This market needs financial stimulation
    • The Norwegian educational sector has a centralized identity provider.
    • All educational content produced for lower levels has to be duplicated in both Norwegian and New Norwegian
  • 4.
    • is a website owned by the Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research
    • The website is a national common gateway that provides easy access to everything you need to know about education
    • has no governing authority but is coordinating The Norwegian Cooperation of Websites in the Educational sector (SANU)
    • Our user groups are teachers and students from all ages (primary, secondary, high school, college, universities)
    • website is all designed on open source software
    • (staff: about 25 in total, and 9 in “ Learning resources and pedagogical use of ICT” )
    • , Google translate version of the website
  • 5.
    • The website is mainly a metadata portal, the key services that we offer are:
      • A national centralized repository with Course descriptions of “all” educations in Norway (course description metadata). CDM
      • A national centralized repository of learning object metadata (LOM)
      • A framework for learning-content publishing (new!)
    • Google translation of GUI: Courses , Learning content
  • 6. Course providers University College Learning content Producers High school Publishing companies Teachers Learning content repository Course description directory Design companies Learning content Publishing
  • 7.
    • Harvesting Course description metadata.
      • Use of pilot institutions
      • Data import directly from the their administration software
      • Focus on the institutional advantages
      • Status: Well working cooperation
    • Learning object metadata
      • Use of pilot projects: Harvest those projects
      • Custom dataflow (the goal is directly from the institutional LMS or repository)
      • Focus on the institutional advantages
      • Status: only pilot projects, several issues to be solved
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11.
    • It has been much harder to “sell” the concept of a national centralized learning content archive to the universities
    • The concept of domain specific sharing communities is more appealing than the big national repository
    • This type of initiatives has to evolve as a bottom up approach.
    • The institutions’ managements are slightly skeptical due to competition with other universities
    • The teachers like the idea of sharing but can’t find the time to do it
    • They are more skeptical of sharing educational content than research-based content
    • The teachers get economical and career development advantages when sharing research content but not when sharing educational content
  • 12.
    • The institutions have most of the educational content confined inside their LMS/VLE
    • They don’t have institutional control of the content
    • They have a LMS / VLE software that is not suitable for content sharing
    • They don’t have an extensive use of metadata tagging of their content
    • University teachers are much more concerned about licensing than lower level teachers
  • 13.
    • offers this as a service for external editorial groups
    • By now it is offered to a cooperation of local governments. They use it for three different subjects at high school (soon 10 subjects)
    • Their ambition is to make the content so comprehensive that it could (not Should) replace the traditional (paper) books
    • The content is partly produced by teachers and partly bought from publishing companies, broadcasting companies etc.
    • This is not a LMS (all content is open, no student / course management)
    • The goal is to have user participation thru Web. 2.0
  • 14.
    • Multimedia learning-content with text, pictures, Flash, Video (streaming) etc.
    • Animations, Multiple choice, Interactive assignments
    • All media contents are tagged separately, searchable and reusable.
    • Classification and search based on each goal from the curriculum objectives.
    • Taxonomy filtered search based on IMS LOM field. (NORLOM)
  • 15.
    • Login / authentication with the use of a national educational identity provider. (Feide)
    • Creative commons licensing (and GNU FDL) with icons
    • Tip a friend functionality
    • Printer friendly presentation with support for chapters and a complete book print (and PDF)
    • Synthetic Speech (We are now testing how to use those as podcasts)
    • Multi-language support (Three different Norwegian languages)
    • Coming soon wikibased user participation
  • 16.
    • All content was out on announcement of tender but:
      • Only isolated learning objects and not the hole compound of the curriculum
      • Only open content and preferably Creative commons license
      •  several big publishing companies did not participate
      •  Big debate about the publishing marked, the role of the government and licensing scheme
  • 17.  
  • 18.
    • Questions, Comments, discussion
      • Tanks for your attention
      • Trond Håvard Hanssen [email_address]
  • 19.
    • The ministry is these days working on a a reorganization and wants to make a new new sentralized organisation similar to becta in the U.K
      • (Edna)
      • Feide (Identity provider)
      • Norgesuniversitetet (ACODE)
      • NSSL (AICTEC)
  • 20.
    • A directory containing information about almost every bachelor’s, master’s and individual courses from: University, College, High school, Technical/Vocational college and County college
    • Metadata descriptions are harvested from external sources
    • The most common data flow comes directly from the institution’s administration software
  • 21.
    • NORLOM (Norwegian IMS LOM profile) (Australia: ANZ-LOM and vetadata)
    • Harvest metadata from learning-content producers and smaller collections
    • Service oriented architecture that will offer services to external partners
      • Import : OAI-PMH, custom API, LOM files
      • Export: OAI-PMH, RSS, ATOM
      • We are now offering to have the search within the VLE/LMS software
      • Search: SRU, RSS, Search box’s
    • Search engine optimization is important
  • 22. We are redesigning our website and the new GUI would look somthing like this.