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Chapter 1 powerpoint

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 1 What is Stress?
  • 2. Overview
      • Examines the etiology of the author’s new way of defining stress by tracing its roots in four common ways of defining stress
      • Describes how the author’s new definition of stress integrates these four common views of stress
  • 3. Outline
      • Many researchers and theorists have contributed to defining what stress is
        • Early physiological research pioneers
        • Psychological stress researchers
        • The holistic health/wellness movement
      • A new definition of stress
  • 4. Stress Is Universal But Different for Different People
    • Everyone experiences stress
    • To be alive is to be stressed
    • Stress means different things to different people
  • 5. What Is Stress?
    • Four common ways of defining stress
      • Stress as response
      • Stress as stimulus
      • Stress as a transaction
      • Stress as a holistic health phenomenon
  • 6. Stress as Response
    • The early pioneers
      • Claude Bernard ( milieu interieur )
      • Walter Cannon (homeostasis)
      • Hans Selye (General Adaptation Syndrome—GAS)
  • 7. Stress as Stimulus
    • Psychological stress researchers
    • Holmes and Rahe (life events approach)
  • 8. Stress as a Transaction
    • Other psychological stress researchers
      • Simeons (symbolic threats)
      • Lazarus (threat appraisal model)
    • A person perceives a stimulus as threatening
    • This transforms it into a stressor, triggering the stress response
  • 9. Stress as a Holistic Health Phenomenon
    • Stress can be better understood in the context of one’s functioning level across six dimensions of wellness
    • Emotional
    • Spiritual
    • Environmental/Occupational
    • Physical
    • Social
    • Intellectual
  • 10. Author’s Definition of Stress
    • Stress is a holistic transaction between an individual and a potential stressor resulting in a stress response
  • 11. To Understand This Explanation of Stress . . .
    • Potential stressors only become actual stressors when they are perceived as being beyond one’s ability to cope with
    • Determined as a result of a transaction between the individual, the potential stressor, and the environment in which the transaction occurs
    • Holistic transaction because it is influenced by the person’s overall well-being level
  • 12. Chapter 1: What Is Stress?
    • Summary