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Transcendentalism Introduction
 

Transcendentalism Introduction

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    Transcendentalism Introduction Transcendentalism Introduction Presentation Transcript

    • Transcendentalism The American Renaissance A Literary Coming of Age (1840-1860) Miss Mottle American Literature David Anderson Sr. High School
    • The Big Question for Americans
      • Would there ever be an American writer as great as England’s William Shakespeare?
      • Renaissance : means “rebirth.” Describes the extraordinary explosion of literary genius, comparing America to England’s Renaissance.
    • Your Book’s Version
      • 1. Everything in the world, including human beings, is a reflection of the Divine Soul.
      • 2. The physical facts of the natural world are a doorway to the spiritual or ideal world.
      • 3. People can use their intuition to behold God’s spirit revealed in nature or in their own souls.
      • 4. Self-Reliance and individualism must outweigh external authority and blind conformity to custom and tradition.
      • 5. Spontaneous feelings and intuition are superior to deliberate intellectualism and rationality.
    • Characteristics The Transcendental View of the World
      • Free thought (individualism)
      • Confidence
      • Importance of nature
      • Self-reliance
      • Non-conformity
    • Two Main Literary Groups
      • 1. The Transcendental Club
      • 2. The Dark Romantics
      • 3. Similarities between The Dark Romantics & The Transcendentalists
    • The Transcendental Club
      • Transcendentalism : the idea that in determining the ultimate reality of God, the universe, the self, and other important matters, one must transcend or go beyond everyday experience in the natural world.
      • Dates back to the Greek philosopher, Plato, in the fourth century B.C.
      • Values intuition and human perfectibility
    • Transcendentalism Authors
      • A. Ralph Waldo Emerson
      • B. Henry David Thoreau
    • Emerson Thoreau
    • The Dark Romantics
      • 1. Focus on the conflict between good and evil.
      • 2. The psychological effects of guilt and sin.
      • 3. Madness and derangement in the human mind.
    • The Dark Romantics Authors
      • 1. Nathaniel Hawthorne
      • 2. Edgar Allan Poe
      • 3. Herman Melville
    • Herman Melville and Nathaniel Hawthorne
    • Edgar Allan Poe
    • Similarities between The Dark Romantics & The Transcendentalists
      • 1. Valued Intuition over logic
      • 2. Like the Puritans, they saw signs & symbols in human events
    • Examples of Transcendentalist Comics
    •  
    • Calvin & Hobbes
    • A Student View of Transcendentalism
      • Click Here!
    • HOMEWORK!
      • Find lyrics for class on Thursday of this week. You can handwrite them if you do not have printer access from albums, or you can print!
      • The lyrics must have qualities of Transcendentalism.
      • Write the rough draft of your descriptive essay for Monday of next week.
      • That’s All!
    • Emerson
      • 1803-1882
      • Appealed to intellectuals and the public
      • They refer to him as a poet.
      • Young rebel
      • He left and went on a European tour
      • Suffered from a severe loss of memory in old age.
    • Literary Terminology
      • Imagery : the use of language to evoke pictures or concrete sensations of a person, place, or an experience.
      • Paradox : a contradictory statement.
      • Aphorisms : short statements that express wise or clever observations about life.
    • Henry David Thoreau’s Walden American Literature Miss Mottle
    • Walden
    • Walden Woods
    • Walden
    • The Old Text
    • Walden Pond
    • Pictures Found At
      • http://www.fiddlersgreen.net/buildings/new-england/thoreau/info/front.jpg
      • www.walden-pond.net/
      • www.psymon.com/walden/firstedition.html