Transcendentalism Introduction

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  • 1. Transcendentalism The American Renaissance A Literary Coming of Age (1840-1860) Miss Mottle American Literature David Anderson Sr. High School
  • 2. The Big Question for Americans
    • Would there ever be an American writer as great as England’s William Shakespeare?
    • Renaissance : means “rebirth.” Describes the extraordinary explosion of literary genius, comparing America to England’s Renaissance.
  • 3. Your Book’s Version
    • 1. Everything in the world, including human beings, is a reflection of the Divine Soul.
    • 2. The physical facts of the natural world are a doorway to the spiritual or ideal world.
    • 3. People can use their intuition to behold God’s spirit revealed in nature or in their own souls.
    • 4. Self-Reliance and individualism must outweigh external authority and blind conformity to custom and tradition.
    • 5. Spontaneous feelings and intuition are superior to deliberate intellectualism and rationality.
  • 4. Characteristics The Transcendental View of the World
    • Free thought (individualism)
    • Confidence
    • Importance of nature
    • Self-reliance
    • Non-conformity
  • 5. Two Main Literary Groups
    • 1. The Transcendental Club
    • 2. The Dark Romantics
    • 3. Similarities between The Dark Romantics & The Transcendentalists
  • 6. The Transcendental Club
    • Transcendentalism : the idea that in determining the ultimate reality of God, the universe, the self, and other important matters, one must transcend or go beyond everyday experience in the natural world.
    • Dates back to the Greek philosopher, Plato, in the fourth century B.C.
    • Values intuition and human perfectibility
  • 7. Transcendentalism Authors
    • A. Ralph Waldo Emerson
    • B. Henry David Thoreau
  • 8. Emerson Thoreau
  • 9. The Dark Romantics
    • 1. Focus on the conflict between good and evil.
    • 2. The psychological effects of guilt and sin.
    • 3. Madness and derangement in the human mind.
  • 10. The Dark Romantics Authors
    • 1. Nathaniel Hawthorne
    • 2. Edgar Allan Poe
    • 3. Herman Melville
  • 11. Herman Melville and Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • 12. Edgar Allan Poe
  • 13. Similarities between The Dark Romantics & The Transcendentalists
    • 1. Valued Intuition over logic
    • 2. Like the Puritans, they saw signs & symbols in human events
  • 14. Examples of Transcendentalist Comics
  • 15.  
  • 16. Calvin & Hobbes
  • 17. A Student View of Transcendentalism
    • Click Here!
  • 18. HOMEWORK!
    • Find lyrics for class on Thursday of this week. You can handwrite them if you do not have printer access from albums, or you can print!
    • The lyrics must have qualities of Transcendentalism.
    • Write the rough draft of your descriptive essay for Monday of next week.
    • That’s All!
  • 19. Emerson
    • 1803-1882
    • Appealed to intellectuals and the public
    • They refer to him as a poet.
    • Young rebel
    • He left and went on a European tour
    • Suffered from a severe loss of memory in old age.
  • 20. Literary Terminology
    • Imagery : the use of language to evoke pictures or concrete sensations of a person, place, or an experience.
    • Paradox : a contradictory statement.
    • Aphorisms : short statements that express wise or clever observations about life.
  • 21. Henry David Thoreau’s Walden American Literature Miss Mottle
  • 22. Walden
  • 23. Walden Woods
  • 24. Walden
  • 25. The Old Text
  • 26. Walden Pond
  • 27. Pictures Found At
    • http://www.fiddlersgreen.net/buildings/new-england/thoreau/info/front.jpg
    • www.walden-pond.net/
    • www.psymon.com/walden/firstedition.html