• Like
Short Story Unit I Notes
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Short Story Unit I Notes

  • 908 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
908
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
22
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Short StoriesShort Stories Literary TermsLiterary Terms Miss MottleMiss Mottle Poland Seminary High SchoolPoland Seminary High School
  • 2. The Five W’s  The 5 W’s  Who? – Who are the characters involved?  What? – What happens?  Where? – Where does the story take place?  When? – When is the story taking place?  Why? – Why do the characters act the way that they do in the story?
  • 3. Plot  Plot is the storyline or sequence of events that take place in a story. Ex. The monster, preparing to paralyze his latest challenger looked at his victim and saw she was chewing gum. We want to know what happens next.  Cause & Effect: A series of events in the plot, where one event causes the next event to happen.
  • 4. Conflict  Conflict: A conflict, or struggle.  There are three types  1. Man vs. Man  For example, a fight  2. Man vs. Nature  For example, a tornado  3. Man vs. Self  For example, a desire to date a certain person might conflict with the fear of rejection.
  • 5. Conflict  External Conflict: The conflict takes place between the character and another person or between a character and something non- human.  Internal Conflict: The conflict takes place inside a character’s mind.
  • 6. Plot Structure 1. Exposition  The introduction, where we’re EXPOSed to the characters and essential details 2. Inciting Moment  aka – narrative hook  Where the action kicks into gear  The conflict is introduced here  Where it starts getting interesting 3. Rising Action  Where the story gets complicated and more intense –Takes up the bulk of the story
  • 7. 4. Climax  The emotional peak of the story –Where the conflict reaches its ultimate intensity/complication 5. Falling Action  “Tying up loose strings” – sorting out the details that are left after the climax 6. Resolution  Conflict is resolved, and the story has finished
  • 8. Practice with Plot and Conflict  We are going to watch a brief music video by the Arctic Monkeys. The video has all of the elements of plot structure. I would like for you to watch the clip and then complete the following with your partner.  Identify the Plot Structure (6 Steps)  Exposition, Inciting Moment, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, and Resolution  Identify a conflict in the clip and explain if it is internal or external
  • 9. Somebody Wanted But So
  • 10. Character  Creating Characters: How do we understand how to describe the character’s values and beliefs and describing characteristics?
  • 11. Characterization  Direct Characterization: The author tells us directly what the character is like.  Indirect Characterization: The author shows us a character, but allows us to decide for ourselves to interpret what kind of person we are meeting. We understand a story better when we are able to analyze character.
  • 12. Character  The basic: A character is any participant in a story  3 Ways to think of characters  Static & Dynamic  Round & Flat  Character Foils
  • 13. Character A character can be either  Dynamic Or  Static
  • 14. Static CharactersStatic Characters  These characters stay the sameThese characters stay the same throughout the story.throughout the story.
  • 15. Dynamic CharactersDynamic Characters  TheseThese characterscharacters changechange somehowsomehow during theduring the story.story.
  • 16. CharacterCharacter A character can be eitherA character can be either  RoundRound OrOr  FlatFlat
  • 17. Round characters  These charactersThese characters are many sidedare many sided and complex.and complex.  Usually we seeUsually we see they have virtuesthey have virtues and faultsand faults
  • 18. Flat characters  We see only one side, or trait, ofWe see only one side, or trait, of these characters.these characters.
  • 19. Character Foil  By putting the two characters next toBy putting the two characters next to each other, the characteristic, oreach other, the characteristic, or difference, is emphasized.difference, is emphasized.
  • 20. Character Five Way to Characterize 1. Trait -  a special quality or something special about someone's personality.  Examples: Appearance, dress, speech… 2. Motivation -  what causes someone to act in a certain way. (It can be an emotion, desire, need, etc. A motivation is the reason we do something.)  Example: "Sara was motivated to win the game because she plays hard and had lost the last game to the other team."
  • 21. 3. Point of View - the side from which a story is told. It can affect how facts are shown and how we look at the characters.  Example: "Because Tina told the teacher her version of the story first, I got punished even though it wasn't my fault." 4. Relationships -  the connection of people in friendship, family, work, school, or other activities. How other people react to the character. 5. Conflict -  when characters have different interests or goals.  Example: "My mom and I had a fight because I put a dent in the car and didn't tell her. Now I feel bad when I come home from school."
  • 22. SETTINGSETTING The time and place.The time and place. Often, setting is used to create a particular mood.Often, setting is used to create a particular mood.
  • 23. Setting 1. Setting tells us where and when the story takes place.  Geographical Location:  Example: Rome, Italy; Lisbon, Ohio; San Diego, CA etc.  Time Period: Specific time  Example: Today, WWII, 1832 etc.  Socio-economic characteristics of the location:  Example: Wealthy suburbs or Depression dustbowl  The specific building, room and so on:  Example: a bus, a military base, the living room, etc.
  • 24. Setting for Interpretation 1. Setting and character  Can be used to tell readers about the characters:  "That evening T.J. smelled the air, his nostrils dilating with the odor of the earth under his feet. "It's spring," he said, and there was a gladness rising in his voice that filled us with the same feeling.”  “Antaeus” by Bordon Deal
  • 25. Setting for Interpretation 2. Setting and Atmosphere  Setting can also provide atmosphere or mood. Some make us feel fear or uneasy etc. “During the whole of a dull, dark, and soundless day in the autumn of the year, when the clouds hung oppressively low in the heavens, I had been passing alone, on horseback, through a dreary tract of country." "The Fall of the House of Usher" by Edgar Allan Poe
  • 26. How is Setting Created?  Images: words that call forth a response from our senses—sight, smell, touch, hearing, and at times, even taste.  Examples: “soundless day,” “clouds hung oppressively low,” “dull,” “dark,” “autumn.” What do you imagine when you hear these terms?
  • 27. Other Terms 1. Foreshadowing is a technique used by writers to build up suspense, to create anxiety as we read. Foreshadowing hints at what is to come. 2. Suspense: A writer holds us in suspense by make us uncertain about—but very interested in—what lies ahead. 3. Surprise Ending is one that makes sense but could not have been predicted.
  • 28. Irony 1. Irony: The difference between what we expect and what actually happens. 2. Verbal Irony: when a person says one thing but means another  For instance, let's say you received the worst plate of food that you have ever received in your life, and you said to your friend, "MM! I can't wait to eat this!"
  • 29. Irony 3. Situational Irony: reversing expectations: Occurs when a situation turns out to be just the opposite of what we expect.  Think of The Wizard of Oz. When anyone heard the wizard’s name they were fearful, but when Dorothy and her crew find the wizard, he is just a little con man. 4. Dramatic Irony: withholding knowledge: When the audience knows something that characters on stage or on screen do not know.  Example: Think of popular horror flicks, like Scream.
  • 30. Point of View  Narrator: whose view is the one we share. 1. The Omniscient Point of View:  The narrator is separate from the action of the story; however, the narrator knows everything about every character.  “All knowing”  Uses pronouns, such as “he, she, it, they etc.”
  • 31. Point of View 2. The First-Person Point of View:  Narrator who is part of the action of the story and tells the story from his/her perspective, using pronouns like "I," "me," "my" etc. 3. Third Person Limited  The narrator is separate from the action of the story, but the narrator knows everything about one single character.
  • 32. Other Narrators 1. Unreliable Narrator  The reader has reason to not trust the narrator who is telling the story. Reliable Narrator  This type of narrator proves to be reliable.
  • 33. Theme  Theme: The central idea or the main point of a literary work. Why is the story put together this way? What do all of the elements mean?
  • 34. Tone  An author’s feeling or mood is indicated through word choice.
  • 35. Symbol  When an object stands for something greater than itself