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Group Discussions Presentation
 

Group Discussions Presentation

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    Group Discussions Presentation Group Discussions Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Miss Mottle Communications CP David Anderson Jr. Sr. High School Group Discussions Chapter 17
    • What is a Group Discussion?
      • Group Discussion : is a goal-oriented form of communication.
      • 5-7 are adequate
      • Sessions less than an hour
    • Determining a Purpose and a Format
      • Discussion Format: public or private
      • Panel Format : Group of experts discuss a topic to provide information and opinions that another group can use to reach a decision.
      • Ex. School invites architects to the school to discuss using grant money to add onto the school building, like we did here at Lisbon!
      • Symposium Format : several people present short, prepared speeches on the same topic and then discuss among themselves.
      • Ex. Students read a novel and each one shares responses with the class. Then, the class discusses and questions.
      • Forum Format : a panel or symposium is opened up to questions or comments from the audience.
      • Ex. A company invites time management experts to discuss ways to improve worker efficiency.
    • Private Discussion Formats
      • Free-Form Format : no particular order
      • Moderated Free-Form : Leader introduces the topic and recognizes the speakers.
      • Standing Committee Format : small group of people is asked to study specific problems.
      • Ad Hoc Committee : accomplish a single task.
      • Round Table Format : brief report and then the group as a whole discusses the specific topics.
      • Progressive Format : divided into small groups and each discusses a different aspect of the topic.
    • Choose a Discussion Topic
      • Choose an interesting topic
      • Choose a topic about which group members are informed.
      • Choose a significant topic.
      • Choose a properly limited topic.
    • Wording A Discussion Question
      • The question’s wording should be clear and concise.
      • The question’s wording should promote objective discussion.
      • The question’s wording should allow for more than a yes or no answer.
      • See page 454 for sample questions.
    • Identifying Types of Discussion Questions
      • Question of Facts : evidence that can be gathered from observation, experiments, or credible sources.
      • Ex. What effect did studyisland.com have on the OGT scores in our school?
      • 2. Question of Value : evaluation of one or more person, places, things, or ideas.
      • Ex. Was Odysseus a good leader? Why or Why not?
      • 3. Question of Policy : asks what action should be taken. Includes the world should .
      • Ex. Should students wear school uniforms?
    • Preparing an Outline
      • Discussion Outline : consists of questions about the topic that the group members should address.
      • 1. Value
      • 2. Facts
      • 3. Policy
      • See Page 456-457 – Discussion about the models
    • Performing Different Roles in Discussion
      • Leadership : ability to guide a group toward a goal.
      • Introduces the Discussion
      • Keeps the Discussion Moving – Questions prepared
      • Moderating the Discussion – Equal chance to all
      • Keeping the Discussion on Track
      • Concluding the Discussion
    • Serving as Secretary, or Recorder
      • Secretary/Recorder should record
      • Major points of agreement
      • Definitions of key terms
      • Issues that the group wishes to return to at a later time
      • Major points of disagreement
      • Issues that seem important
    • Participating in Discussion
      • Study the outline
      • Think about the discussion questions.
      • Complete research on the questions
      • Take an active part
      • Listen carefully
      • Listen critically
      • Respect all group members
      • Use an appropriate speaking voice
    • Managing Group Conflict
      • Conflict : a form of disagreement.
      • See Chart on page 467 of possible problems and solutions.
      • Practice creating your own solutions
    • Reaching a Group Decision
      • Decree : occurs when the group leader dictates the group’s decision.
      • Vote
      • Majority : more than half of the votes win.
      • Consensus: group’s decision is worded in such a way that the entire group can agree on it.
      • False Consensus : does not reflect the actual views of the group members
    • Evaluating Group Discussion
      • Quality of Discussion
      • Was the group goal clearly stated as a question of fact, of value, or policy?
      • Did the group have a discussion outline?
      • Were conclusions that were drawn based on information presented in the discussion?
      • Was the decision defensible?
      • Individual Evaluation :
      • Contributed Information, Asked Questions, Followed Plan, Paid Attention, Showed Courtesy
    • Evaluating a Group Discussion
      • Listen the following group discussion. Choose a method of evaluation and evaluate the discussion. Share your evaluation with the class.
      • * Select a current CNN debate
    • Works Cited
      • Holt, Rhinehart, and Winston. “Group Discussions.” Speech for Effective Communicators . New York: Harcourt Bruce and Company, 1999.