Regulatory Update - STORMWATER


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Regulatory Update - STORMWATER

  1. 1. <ul><li>April 9, 2009 </li></ul>REGULATORY UPDATES & INITIATIVES Stormwater Management William Taylor, Esq.
  2. 2. Why is Stormwater Management So Important? <ul><li>Other Point Source Discharges Have Been Subject to Permitting and Control </li></ul><ul><li>Causes Non Attainment of WQS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban Impaired Streams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CSO’s – Cost of Treatment and Separation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flooding and Erosion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agricultural Runoff </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Trouble with Imperviousness
  4. 4. Non Attainment Issues <ul><li>If Non Attainment – State Must List </li></ul><ul><li>Segment and Develop TMDL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EPA Must Approve TMDL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must Implement Plan to Correct Problem </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Non Attainment Issues <ul><ul><li>TMDL’s – Legal Question? Can An Agency Permit New Point and Non Point Source Discharges to Non Attainment Waters? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can Retrofitting of Existing Development Be Required </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Stormwater Permitting Authority <ul><li>Federal Permitting Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Point Source Discharge to Waters of the United States </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State/Local Permitting Authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May Include Non Point or Indirect Discharges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discharges to Surface and Groundwater </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Stormwater Permits <ul><li>Individual Permits – Large NPDES/SPDES Regulated Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-sector Permits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipalities – Separate Storm Sewers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Discharges Which May Be Causing Violations of WQS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>33 U.S.C. § 1342(p) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Construction General Permits </li></ul><ul><li>Other State and Local Stormwater Laws </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of Stormwater Permits <ul><li>Individual Permits – Large NPDES/SPDES Regulated Facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-sector Permits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Municipalities – Separate Storm Sewers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Discharges Which May Be Causing Violations of WQS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Construction General Permits </li></ul><ul><li>Other State and Local Stormwater Laws </li></ul>
  9. 9. Residual Designation Authority <ul><li>Under the Clean Water Act, EPA must exercise permitting authority if an unpermitted stormwater point source is contributing to water quality nonattainment. </li></ul><ul><li>33 U.S.C. § 1342(p)(2)(E) </li></ul><ul><li>In delegated states, EPA must act if the state if not permitting the sources. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Petition for RDA <ul><li>Any person may petition the Director to require a NPDES permit for a stormwater discharge which contributes to a violation of a water quality standard. </li></ul><ul><li>There may be a de minimis pollutant level which would not require a permit. </li></ul><ul><li>40 CFR 122.26(F)(2) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Status of RDA Petitions <ul><li>Charles River – Preliminary Determination was Issued by EPA on December 28, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Long Creek, Maine – Preliminary Determination Issued by EPS on December 31, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Burlington, VT –Appeal court requires state to implement permitting program on five Burlington Bay tributaries </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island – Petition to Regulate a Subdivision’s Discharge to Groundwater – Public Hearings Scheduled </li></ul>
  12. 12. Massachusetts Proposed Stormwater General Permit 1) Water Quality : ~75% of Massachusetts’ assessed waters are impaired. 2) Water Quantity : ~50% of Massachusetts’ assessed rivers/streams don’t have enough water during the summer.
  13. 13. In or Out? <ul><li>Thresholds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statewide: > 5 acres impervious area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>• Definition of “Regulated Impervious Area” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In TMDL Areas: > 2 Acres </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If part in, all in. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aggregate Properties if Managed </li></ul><ul><li> Together </li></ul>
  14. 14. If You’re In…How Do Comply With The SWGP? <ul><li>All: Baseline performance Standards (aka Good Housekeeping) </li></ul><ul><li>New Developments and Redevelopments: install LID techniques and stormwater BMPs </li></ul><ul><li>In TMDL areas: also meet pollution reduction requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Annual Compliance Certification </li></ul>
  15. 15. Stormwater Utility Districts <ul><li>Recover Costs of Handling SW </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CSO’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure Repair/Replacement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sewer Separation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applies to All Dischargers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not a Tax – Service Fee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set Fee by Impervious Area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different Fees for Residential/Commercial and Industrial </li></ul></ul>
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