connection• With a quick victory in the Spanish-American War, the United States needed a way to take care of all of the land that they had picked up, especially in the Pacific Ocean.
connection• A connection needed to be made between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans so that the United States could get ships out to Guam and the Philippines faster.
connection• The easiest way to do that was with a canal across the isthmus (a narrow neck of land that connects two landmasses) of Panama.
problems• The biggest problem that the United States faced was that the area of the canal zone in Panama was controlled by Colombia.
problems• The United States offered Colombia $10 million up front and a rent of $250,000 a year to build and then run the canal.
problems• Colombia decided that this was not enough.
solution• All of the sudden there was a “revolution” in the area of the canal zone.
solution• As the Colombians were about to send in troops to put down the revolution, they were met by the U.S.S. Nashville and forced to return home.
solution• The Republic of Panama was formed on November 3, 1903, and three days later the United States recognized it as a nation.
solution• By November 18, 1903 a treaty between the United States and Panama was signed which gave Panama the same things that the Colombians had turned down.
In charge• The canal that connected the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans was finished in 1914, and President Theodore Roosevelt took full credit for it.
In charge• In order to ensure that no other country would try and take control of the canal or the canal zone, he issued the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine.
In charge• This said that the United States would make sure that countries in the Western Hemisphere would pay its debts to make sure that foreign countries would not have to send in troops to get payment.
In charge• This was called “gunboat diplomacy”