The Originis of the Congress

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Why the Congress of Vienna got together and why they made the decisions that they did. A look at the different sides of the discussion that made decisions along the way.

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The Originis of the Congress

  1. 1. • Because the geography of Europe had been so changed by Napoleon, a group of leaders from the major powers in Europe gathered in Vienna, Austria to talk about how to put it back together.
  2. 2. • Prince Metternich, the host of the event, was the Austrian minister of foreign affairs who had some very strong ideas about what direction Europe should go in.
  3. 3. • Others at the congress were Czar Alexander I of Russia, the Duke of Wellington (who had defeated Napoleon) and Lord Castlereagh of England, and Charles de Talleyrand of France.
  4. 4. • Two new political philosophies emerged at the Congress of Vienna. • The first was liberalism, which supported guarantees for individual freedom, political change, and social reform.
  5. 5. • Nationalism also became popular again, but its meaning was adapted from not only wanting to form a nation, but also to take pride in a common culture regardless of political boundaries.
  6. 6. • For liberals, this meant a desire to allow people to free themselves from foreign control. • For conservatives, it meant an end to the old world order.
  7. 7. • Czar Alexander I of Russia was a very religious man who brought with him a view of international relations based on Christian values of charity and justice.
  8. 8. • Lord Castlereagh believed in the same things as Metternich and that the way to prevent anyone like Napoleon taking power again was to achieve a balance of power in Europe.
  9. 9. • Talleyrand of France had a difficult job because it was his nation that had brought about the Congress of Vienna when it allowed Napoleon to try and take over Europe.

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