People and society[1]


Published on

How was the period of the Enlightenment different from the Middle Ages which had come before it? This will take a look at some of the different thinkers of the period, including Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau

Published in: Education, Spiritual, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

People and society[1]

  1. 1. People and Society New views on people and life during the Enlightenment
  2. 2. Views on people and society before the Enlightenment • Most leaders were absolute monarchs - kings who held all the power - had little respect for the average person. • Religious leaders told people that the purpose of this life was to do good deeds in order to get to heaven. Many aspects of life had religious ties. • The average person had no say in government or the creation of laws. • Only wealthy men had access to a good education. • Children were viewed as small adults. • Women were seen as inferior to men.
  3. 3. Thomas Hobbes • Thomas Hobbes was an Enlightenment thinker who had a very negative view of humanity. • He thought humans were basically beasts and needed to be controlled by a strong government. • Hobbes believed if man was left to his own devices he would kill, steal, and destroy civilization.
  4. 4. John Locke • John Locke had a very different view of humans. He thought people were generally good and deserved to have more rights and freedoms. • Locke believed everybody deserved to have their natural rights - life, liberty, and property - protected.
  5. 5. Jean - Jacques Rosseau • Rousseau believed that people weren't born good or bad, but who we become was determined by society. • Rousseau also advocated that children be loved and cared for and that every male regardless of social status have the opportunity to get an education.
  6. 6. Denis Diderot • Diderot believed that man could be shaped and molded by his surroundings. • He believed the church and state should be separated. • Diderot spent much of his life putting together the Encyclopedie - an encyclopedia of the various ideas and information from other Enlightenment thinkers.
  7. 7. Voltaire • Voltaire believed that people should have freedom of speech and that they should be allowed to criticize religion and government/leaders without being punished. • Voltaire also believed that people should be tolerant of others' beliefs even if they disagreed with them, and no one should be punished for their beliefs.
  8. 8. Key Points • Enlightenment thinkers had a lot of ideas that were different from the thoughts of the Middle Ages. • Some thinkers had a positive view of mankind while others had a negative view. • New ideas about children and education emerged. • Diderot and Voltaire as well as other Enlightenment thinkers believed that church and state/government should be separated. They believed that government should be secular - having no religious affiliations/connections. • Many Enlightenment thinkers believed the common person should have more rights and freedoms. • More focus on the individual person rather than society as a whole.