“Whensoever hostile aggressions..require a resort to war, we must meet our duty andconvince the world that we are just friends andbrave enemies.” – Thomas Jefferson, 1806 in a letter to Andrew Jackson “Nonviolence is the answer to the crucial political and moral questions of our time; the need for man to overcome oppression and violence without resorting to oppression andviolence.” – Martin Luther King, Jr., 1964 in a speech accepting the Nobel Peace Prize
• The reality of the situation was that the Amerindian force was much larger than expected and Custer’s Last Stand at the Battle of Little Big Horn became important as a bitter defeat for the whites.
• The Nez Perce tribe and their leader Chief Joseph, tried as best they could to avoid battles with the whites, But, even the group who had helped Lewis and Clark could not avoid bloodshed.
“Words do not pay for my deadpeople. They do not pay for my country now overrun by white men. They do not protect myfather’s grave. They do not payfor my horses and cattle. Good words to not give my back my children…” – Chief Joseph
• In 1887, the government put legislation in place that they believed would help the Amerindians assimilate, which is the process by which one society becomes part of more dominant society.