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European Conquest of Atlantic North America
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European Conquest of Atlantic North America

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Why the Europeans established colonies in the islands of the Atlantic Ocean in North America, how those colonies are viewed today, and an introduction to the island of Haiti, which will be the focus ...

Why the Europeans established colonies in the islands of the Atlantic Ocean in North America, how those colonies are viewed today, and an introduction to the island of Haiti, which will be the focus of this unit.

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European Conquest of Atlantic North America European Conquest of Atlantic North America Presentation Transcript

  • Latin America A term used to identify the areas of South of the US whose official languages are Spanish, Portuguese, or French (derived from Latin): Mexico, South America, Central America, and certain islands in the Caribbean.
  • Common Usage in the US In the US, when people use the term “Latin America,” they are often only talking about countries where people speak Spanish or Portuguese (i.e. Mexico, Brazil, etc.) and not French speaking areas (Haiti).
  • European Conquests Starting in the late 1400’s, various European countries, including Portugal, Spain, and France, began claiming land and establishing settlements throughout Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • Colonies These settlements, which stayed under the control of the mother country (the country that claimed the land), are known as colonies.
  • Why colonize? European nations wanted colonies for many reasons. 3Gs: -God -Glory -Gold
  • Why colonize?  This was part of the concept of mercantilism  Mercantilism was the main economic system used during the 16th, 17th, & 18th centuries.  In this system, the government heavily regulated foreign trade.  Supporters of mercantilism believed that there was only so much wealth and if you wanted more, you had to take it from another country.
  • Why colonize?  Mercantilists searched for a balance of trade that would bring wealth into the country.  This would happen when more precious metals (gold primarily, but silver as well) came into the Mother Country, and none of those metals went out as payments for debts  They also searched out colonies to gain more wealth/trading partners. A brief clip (2 min) on how mercantilism works: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bouw3MvmrYM
  • Hispaniola  The island of Hispaniola (modern day Haiti and Dominican Republic) is located in the Caribbean.
  • Settlement of the Island ● In 1492, Columbus, working for Spain, landed on the island of Hispaniola. He set up the first European establishment in this part of the world. ● Later, the island was colonized by both the French and Spanish. ● The Spanish part was called Santo Domingo. The French part, Saint- Domingue.