Moses Maimonides


                       Year 12 SOR 1 and 2

                 Judaism Religious Tradition
              ...
Syllabus Point




Monday, 28 June 2010
Syllabus Point




Monday, 28 June 2010
Syllabus Point




Monday, 28 June 2010
Syllabus Point

   explain the contribution to the
   development and expression of Judaism
   of ONE significant person O...
Syllabus Point

   explain the contribution to the
   development and expression of Judaism
   of ONE significant person O...
Syllabus Point

   explain the contribution to the
   development and expression of Judaism
   of ONE significant person O...
Syllabus Point

   explain the contribution to the
   development and expression of Judaism
   of ONE significant person O...
Moses Ben Maimon (1135–1204 CE) was
      one of the greatest Jewish thinkers of all
      time, who has influenced presen...
Rambam???


         Rabbi Moshe ben
         Maimon=
         Rambam!

Monday, 28 June 2010
background

    • Born in Spain the son of a famous
          scholar.
    • Educated by many well known Arabic
          ...
background
    • Studied medicine after the death of his
          brother -> became the personal
          physician to t...
What did he do?
  • Between 1158 and 1190, he wrote
        many books including:
                  ★Commentary on the Mis...
What did he do?


    • Became a writer of some note and
          influence. (i.e quite famous!)
    • Influenced by Gree...
important point
         He supported the views of Aristotle
         that, while there are limitations to
         knowin...
major works
     •Best known for his
          comprehensive
          writing including
          the Mishnah Torah,
    ...
major works


      •In the Mishnah Torah, Maimonides
           codified the oral law into fourteen
           volumes
  ...
major works

      •Distillation of the Talmud into a
           simple code so that all Jews could
           understand ...
important point-RECAP
         He supported the views of Aristotle
         that, while there are limitations to
         ...
Monday, 28 June 2010
Therefore, this
    condification of the
    Oral Law attempted
         to make the
    ‘irrational’ ‘rational’
      and...
major works

     • 1190, Maimonides published the Guide
          for the Perplexed, a great theological
          and ph...
major works
     • The Guide was controversial, dividing
          Judaism at the time, but it has had a
          profoun...
major works


  • He compiled the 613 commandments of
        Judaism in his Book of Commandments.




Monday, 28 June 2010
major works


  • He is probably best know for his 13
        Precepts which are considered to be the
        definite sta...
major works
1. God has created the world and rules it.
2. God is one and the only one.
3. God is spirit (incorporeal) and ...
Influence on Judaism




Monday, 28 June 2010
“Cities of Light:The Rise and Fall of Islamic Spain

                nb.. The
               discussion
                 a...
Maimonides’ impact on Judaism

           Maimonides’ Jewish writings are
         available today and his philosophical
 ...
• Maimonides’ writing was so
              influential in the years that followed
              that Jewish scholarship fo...
• His work was also used by Christian
           scholars, notably by Thomas Aquinas
           who often referred in his ...
• It is said of him that: “From Moses
             [of the Jewish Bible] to Moses
             [Maimonides], there is none...
•   end




Monday, 28 June 2010
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Maimonides

7,541

Published on

For the Studies of Religion HSC Course
www.metatemporal.com

Published in: Spiritual, Education
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
7,541
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Maimonides"

  1. 1. Moses Maimonides Year 12 SOR 1 and 2 Judaism Religious Tradition Depth Study Personality/School of Thought Monday, 28 June 2010
  2. 2. Syllabus Point Monday, 28 June 2010
  3. 3. Syllabus Point Monday, 28 June 2010
  4. 4. Syllabus Point Monday, 28 June 2010
  5. 5. Syllabus Point explain the contribution to the development and expression of Judaism of ONE significant person OR school of thought, other than Abraham or Moses Monday, 28 June 2010
  6. 6. Syllabus Point explain the contribution to the development and expression of Judaism of ONE significant person OR school of thought, other than Abraham or Moses Monday, 28 June 2010
  7. 7. Syllabus Point explain the contribution to the development and expression of Judaism of ONE significant person OR school of thought, other than Abraham or Moses analyse the impact of this person OR school of thought on Judaism Monday, 28 June 2010
  8. 8. Syllabus Point explain the contribution to the development and expression of Judaism of ONE significant person OR school of thought, other than Abraham or Moses analyse the impact of this person OR school of thought on Judaism Monday, 28 June 2010
  9. 9. Moses Ben Maimon (1135–1204 CE) was one of the greatest Jewish thinkers of all time, who has influenced present-day Judaism as well as his own era. Moses Maimonides is known as ‘the second Moses’ as he has achieved a status similar to the Moses, a status few have achieved in Judaism. Monday, 28 June 2010
  10. 10. Rambam??? Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon= Rambam! Monday, 28 June 2010
  11. 11. background • Born in Spain the son of a famous scholar. • Educated by many well known Arabic teachers and masters. • At 13, family forced to flee from home due to a hostile Muslim invader ➡ Moved to Egypt Monday, 28 June 2010
  12. 12. background • Studied medicine after the death of his brother -> became the personal physician to the ruler of Egypt. • His skills recognised by the Jewish community and he became the leader of the Egyptian Jews (Nagid) • As Nagid, he was the Jewish representative to Muslim authorities in Egypt. (highly respected) Monday, 28 June 2010
  13. 13. What did he do? • Between 1158 and 1190, he wrote many books including: ★Commentary on the Mishnah (collection of Oral Torah) aka The Code Mishnah ★Book on philosophy (Moreh Nubukim) ★Books on medicine, hygiene and good eating habits (!!) Monday, 28 June 2010
  14. 14. What did he do? • Became a writer of some note and influence. (i.e quite famous!) • Influenced by Greek and Muslim scholars and philosophers. Monday, 28 June 2010
  15. 15. important point He supported the views of Aristotle that, while there are limitations to knowing God’s attributes directly, His people have a duty, through reason, to comprehend the divine mind. • God is rational and so can be understood rationally. Monday, 28 June 2010
  16. 16. major works •Best known for his comprehensive writing including the Mishnah Torah, which was published in 1180. Monday, 28 June 2010
  17. 17. major works •In the Mishnah Torah, Maimonides codified the oral law into fourteen volumes •Arranged topically • For use by Jewish judges. Monday, 28 June 2010
  18. 18. major works •Distillation of the Talmud into a simple code so that all Jews could understand the requirements of the law without lengthy study. •It drew on ancient law as well as contemporary issues. Monday, 28 June 2010
  19. 19. important point-RECAP He supported the views of Aristotle that, while there are limitations to knowing God’s attributes directly, His people have a duty, through reason, to comprehend the divine mind. • God is rational and so can be understood rationally. Monday, 28 June 2010
  20. 20. Monday, 28 June 2010
  21. 21. Therefore, this condification of the Oral Law attempted to make the ‘irrational’ ‘rational’ and ‘user friendly’ Monday, 28 June 2010
  22. 22. major works • 1190, Maimonides published the Guide for the Perplexed, a great theological and philosophical work that discussed the nature of God. • It was deliberately written in difficult language so that only scholars could understand it. Monday, 28 June 2010
  23. 23. major works • The Guide was controversial, dividing Judaism at the time, but it has had a profound influence on the medieval world and on Judaism since. Fun Fact! Many rabbi’s wouldn’t let Jews read it for fear they would misunderstand what Maimonides was saying and inadvertently commit heretical acts! Monday, 28 June 2010
  24. 24. major works • He compiled the 613 commandments of Judaism in his Book of Commandments. Monday, 28 June 2010
  25. 25. major works • He is probably best know for his 13 Precepts which are considered to be the definite statement of Orthodox belief. Monday, 28 June 2010
  26. 26. major works 1. God has created the world and rules it. 2. God is one and the only one. 3. God is spirit (incorporeal) and cannot be represented. 4. God was the first and will be the last. 5. Prayers should only be addressed to God. 6. The words of the prophets are true. 7. Moses was the greatest of all prophets. 8. The Torah was revealed to Moses and is true. 9. The Torah cannot be changed. 10. God knows all human actions and thoughts. 11. God rewards those who keep the commandments and punishes those who do not. 12. The messiah will come. 13. The dead will be raised. Monday, 28 June 2010
  27. 27. Influence on Judaism Monday, 28 June 2010
  28. 28. “Cities of Light:The Rise and Fall of Islamic Spain nb.. The discussion about influences towards the end of the clip ~8 minutes Monday, 28 June 2010
  29. 29. Maimonides’ impact on Judaism Maimonides’ Jewish writings are available today and his philosophical Treatise on logic has been published in many languages. He also wrote many medical texts that are still available. (such as his works on poisons, haemorrhoids, asthma and temperaments (!!) ) Monday, 28 June 2010
  30. 30. • Maimonides’ writing was so influential in the years that followed that Jewish scholarship for centuries was divided into supporters and opponents of his ideas. Many largely accepted his ideas but remained suspicious where they seemed to contradict religious tradition. Monday, 28 June 2010
  31. 31. • His work was also used by Christian scholars, notably by Thomas Aquinas who often referred in his writings to Rabbi Moses. He was uniquely able to draw together the ideas of the Graeco- Roman world, the Muslim and Arab world, and the Jewish and Western world. Monday, 28 June 2010
  32. 32. • It is said of him that: “From Moses [of the Jewish Bible] to Moses [Maimonides], there is none like Moses”. • Maimonides’ work is still regarded by many as the greatest Jewish writing, aside from the Torah, ever written. Monday, 28 June 2010
  33. 33. • end Monday, 28 June 2010

×