Christian Practices Baptism


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Christian Practices Baptism

  1. 1. Baptism
  2. 2. Students will learn about: Significant practices in the life of adherents ONE significant practice within Christianity drawn from: Baptism Marriage ceremony Saturday/Sunday worship
  3. 3. Students will learn to: describe ONE significant practice within Christianity drawn from: Baptism Marriage ceremony Saturday/Sunday worship demonstrate how the chosen practice expresses the beliefs of Christianity analyse the significance of this practice for both the individual and the Christian community
  4. 4. Describe Provide characteristics and features (of ONE significant practice within Christianity)
  5. 5. Demonstrate Show by example (how the chosen practice expresses the beliefs of Christianity)
  6. 6. Analyse Identify components and the relationship between them; draw out and relate implications (of the significance of this practice for both the individual and the Christian community)
  7. 7. Therefore... Undertaking a 20 mark question on ‘baptism’ shouldn’t be difficult as the syllabus makes this an easy area for writing (i.e ‘designed’ for 20 marks!) Conversely, writing a short response on this depends on your understanding of the individual syllabus areas (describe, demonstrate, analyse)
  8. 8. i.e. For the short answer section, you must read and understand what the question is asking
  9. 9. Scriptural references
  10. 10. “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit” (Matthew 28:28-19) “Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.” (Mark 16:16-16) “Jesus answered, "I tell you the truth, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit. " ” (John 3:3-5) “After this, Jesus and his disciples went out into the Judean countryside, where he spent some time with them, and baptized” (John 3:22)
  11. 11. “Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” (Acts 2:38) “And now what are you waiting for? Get up, be baptized and wash your sins away, calling on his name.”(Acts 22:16) “one Lord, one faith, one baptism” (Ephesians 4:5) “and this water symbolizes baptism that now saves you also--not the removal of dirt from the body but the pledge of a good conscience toward God. It saves you by the resurrection of Jesus Christ” (1 peter 3:12)
  12. 12. describe ONE significant practice within Christianity
  13. 13. Stereotypical view? (~ 5 minutes) (Season 7 Episode 3)
  14. 14. Definition
  15. 15. Short Version A Christian sacrament signifying spiritual cleansing and rebirth Most churches baptise infants but some insist on adult baptism
  16. 16. It is also a key part of becoming a Christian i.e it is the ‘first step’ of initiation into the Christian faith i.e have to be baptised to undertake other sacraments
  17. 17. Types & Methods
  18. 18. Aspersion- sprinkling water on the head
  19. 19. Immersion-submersion of the entire body in water
  20. 20. Affusion- pouring water over the head
  21. 21. We will be mainly concerned with the following methods of baptism Pedobaptism-baptism of infants Credobaptism-baptism of adults
  22. 22. Warning: Cornball christian video alert! (“baptism Central”) (Corny but good overview of baptism)
  23. 23. describe the practice Examine the pictures and note what you see
  24. 24. what is it?
  25. 25. The English words "baptise" and "baptism" are derived from a Greek root: "baptisr," which means "to immerse," "to dip under," or "to wash."
  26. 26. Within Christianity, it is usually performed by a member of the clergy in a ‘church’ setting, thus welcoming an individual into the church.
  27. 27. Denominations disagree about the method (immersion or affusion/ aspersion), the age at which the ritual is done, and additional consequences of baptism
  28. 28. Some Christian groups maintain that baptism is required before a person can be saved; some say that only those baptised in their denomination or in a certain way can be saved.
  29. 29. Still others consider baptism to be merely an indication that a person had been saved in the recent past.
  30. 30. What actually happens?
  31. 31. Catholic Baptism
  32. 32. ~ 6 minutes
  33. 33. Catholic Church • infants anointed or water poured • considered to be an act of salvation – the child is now a Christian • the act of baptism is effective in itself
  34. 34. Pentecostal Baptism
  35. 35. ~ 2.5 minutes
  36. 36. Pentecostal • adult believers’ baptism only • full immersion • symbolic of the acceptance of Jesus Christ and obedience to his commandments • dying to sin and rising to new life symbolised • to be affirmed by a ‘second baptism’ of the Holy Spirit
  37. 37. Orthodox Baptism
  38. 38. Orthodox • infants fully immersed in water three times • combined with anointing of oil (chrismation) • effects forgiveness of sins
  39. 39. Church of England (not Anglican) Baptism
  40. 40. Anglican • variety of views ranging from saving act to memorial • infants anointed or water poured • done before the congregation as a symbol of church membership • a sign that affirms forgiveness received through faith
  41. 41. Presbyterian • infants – water poured or anointed • sign of the covenant relationship between God and the family (as circumcision) • to be affirmed at confirmation
  42. 42. Quaker/Salvation Army Baptism is not practised; rather, children are dedicated to God
  43. 43. Baptism is a rite of passage that is sought by many who are not believers or practising Christians It is often considered ‘something special’
  44. 44. History / Background
  45. 45. Baptism is most famously identified with Christianity, where it symbolises the cleansing (remission) of sins, and the union of the believer with Christ in His death, burial and resurrection.
  46. 46. The Christian ritual of baptism traces back to John the Baptist, who the Bible says baptised Jesus in the Jordan River. Baptism among Christians is performed by sprinkling, pouring or full immersion.
  47. 47. The choice to be baptised is made by a confessing believer (believer’s baptism, or credobaptism), regardless of age, as a confession of his faith; or for a child by his or her parents (paedobaptism) according to the parent's confession of faith.
  48. 48. There are differences in opinion about the nature and practice of Christian baptism.
  49. 49. Some denominations, such as Baptists, practice believer baptism, and believe that baptism does not save, but rather publicly demonstrates that a person has been saved through his union with Christ.
  50. 50. For Christians, pouring or washing with water demonstrates being cleansed of one's sins, while immersion demonstrates both cleansing of sin and burial with Christ.
  51. 51. Practicing baptism in a public setting is a testimony of the person's faith, and an expression of their covenantal union with Christ.
  52. 52. Significance/ Symbolism
  53. 53. Baptism is considered a ‘sacrament’ • a visible sign of an inner grace • various meanings or interpretations • a sign of entry into the church, cleansing from sin, rising to new life
  54. 54. Baptismal Symbols Water is the symbol of purity and purification. Oil is a traditional medium signifying healing. New garments signify arrival into the church Candles show Christ is the light of the world Bread and wine are the entry point into receiving the Eucharist. (Catholic)
  55. 55. Symbolism of water as a purifying agent is strong • baptism is a communal act that signifies membership • godparents or sponsors agree to help raise the child in the Christian faith
  56. 56. Baptism • a sign of forgiveness of sins and new life • expressed in different forms in different churches • some see it as symbolic, some see it as an effective practice
  57. 57. The Significance of Baptism for Christians Baptism is an initiation to faith. It give people access to the sacramental life of the church. The believer sees that baptism frees them from sin. Baptismal practice connects an individual to the rich scriptural tradition of the ancient Jews, the first Christians and Jesus.
  58. 58. end
  59. 59. Baptism – from the Greek word ‘baptein’ • used for ritual cleansing • anointing, washing, cleansing, pouring or immersing
  60. 60. Baptism • can be done to children or infants, sometimes called ‘christening’ • or to adults – believers’ baptism
  61. 61. Background in Jewish ritual
  62. 62. The ritual of baptism is seen in the purification rites of Jewish law and tradition.
  63. 63. In the Tanakh and tradition of the teachers of the Torah, a ritual bath for purification from uncleanness used to be required under specified circumstances in order to be restored to a condition of ritual purity.
  64. 64. For example, women after menstruation, and after a number of blood-free days following child-birth, were washed in a ritual bath, called a mikvah.
  65. 65. Traditional conversion to Judaism also requires a mikvah, so for converts Jewish initiation is in some ways similar to Christian initiation, although the term baptism is not used to describe the Jewish conversion.
  66. 66. Those who became ritually defiled by contact with something infectious, would also use the mikveh as part of their healing. Washing was also required for converts.
  67. 67. Through practices such as these, immersion in the mikveh came to represent purification and restoration, and qualification for full religious participation in the life of the community.
  68. 68. Process of Baptism • There are 3 forms of Baptism; • Aspersion- Sprinkling water over the head • Affusion- Pouring water over the head • Immersion- dunking, lowering the entire body into the water
  69. 69. Bible References • Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. Acts 2:38
  70. 70. Bible References Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. Romans 6:4
  71. 71. Baptism The Significance of Baptism for Christians © Karen Devine 2008
  72. 72. Christian Baptism Baptism is a rite of initiation in Christianity. It is the “point of entry” into the Christian Church. Most baptisms are performed on infants by pouring, dipping or immersing them in water.
  73. 73. Child vs Adult Some denominations of Christianity, such as Baptists, use a “believer’s baptism” and engage in adult baptism. Most Christian Churches believe that Jesus instituted baptism and that it is necessary for salvation.
  74. 74. Rejecting Sin During the baptismal rite those being baptised reject sin and profess a belief in the Trinity. This is done by sponsors if the candidate is an infant.
  75. 75. Orthodox Baptism Orthodox Christians are baptised by a priest through 3 immersions in water. Confirmation occurs immediately after and the recipient is anointed with oil. In Orthodoxy, children are important members of the church from infancy.
  76. 76. Scriptural Jesus converses with Nicodemus (Jn 3:3, 5-6) Jesus commands the disciples to baptise (Mt 28:19) It is necessary for salvation (Acts 8:13) It allows believers to participate in Christianity ( (Rom 6:4)
  77. 77. Jewish Immersions  Christianity adopted immersion in water from Jewish tradition.  Yet, there are many distinguishing features of Jewish immersions from Christian baptism: a) Jewish immersions involved the person performing the cleansing ritual alone, not with someone pushing them underwater as with baptism.
  78. 78. Ritual Purity b) Jewish immersions were completed for the purpose of ritual purity at various times of a person’s life. Eg: after menstruation, after sex, after shopping at the market or coming into contact with the dead.
  79. 79. Baptism Becomes a Christian Rite Baptism became an initiatory rite for the Christian Church in the First Century CE. As developed by Paul it signified death and rebirth in Jesus. Unlike immersions, baptism usually occurred only once in a person’s life and it was conversionary and unrepeatable. Baptism was not only an
  80. 80. Jewish Initiation Whereas Jews had 3 main initiation rites: a) Circumcision for males. b) A cleansing immersion c) Sacrifice in the Temple.
  81. 81. The Christian In the early Christian tradition candidates were probably naked during baptism so that earthly things did not interfere with the experience. Yet, there were some restrictions on this for the early Jewish Christians, such as being naked in front of the opposite sex. Over time John the Baptist (a Jew) was “taken” by Christian scholars as the initiator