Position of adverb


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Position of adverb

  1. 1. Frequency Adverbs  She is always here  The bus is rarely on time  They are often tired Other Adverbs  We were all happy  August was even hotter than July  I am already late
  2. 2. This is to put more emphasis on this element. The punctuation and the voice will change too.
  3. 3. If you put any of the nagative adverbs at the beginning of a sentence, you will require an inversion (auxiliary-subject switch).
  4. 4. Negative Adverbs at the start of a sentence: They will never do it again Never will they do it again She can rarely have a rest Rarely can she have a rest
  5. 5. Adverb phrase structure rule: AdvP(deg)Adv AdvP AdvP DEG ADV Adv Very, Suspiciously, Extremely… Quietly, Softly, Carefully… Well,hard,Fast, Badly…
  6. 6. • Example: She sings very quietly. S NP VP N She sings V AdvP Deg Adv very quitely
  7. 7. FUNCTION adverb phrases perform five main grammatical functions within sentences in the English language. correctly speak and write with adverbs and adverb phrases in English.
  8. 8. Adverbs are traditionally defined as "words that describe verbs, adjectives, and other adverbs." Adverb phrases are defined as phrases that consist of an adverb plus any modifying adverbs and adverb phrases. For example : very, incredibly , quickly, and however are all adverb phrases.
  9. 9. The five functions of adverb phrases are: 1. Adjective phrase modifier 2. Adverb phrase modifier 3. Verb phrase modifier 4. Adverbial 5. Adjunct
  10. 10. The first grammatical function that adverb phrases can perform is the adjective phrase modifier - For example, the following italicized adverbs and adverb phrases function as adjective phrase modifiers: Your newborn baby daughter is very tiny. Students who are clearly sick may not attend class.
  11. 11. • The second grammatical function that adverb phrases can perform is the adverb phrase modifier. Adverb phrase modifiers are defined as words and phrases that describe an adverb or adverb phrase EX :My use of adverbs is almost always perfect The music from next door is blaring extremely loudly.
  12. 12. • The third grammatical function that adverbs and adverb phrases can perform is the verb phrase modifier. Verb phrase modifiers are defined as words and phrases that can describe a verb or verb phrase • EX : Residents must quickly and quietly exit the building during the fire drill. Her husband almost always forgets to take out the trash.
  13. 13. The fourth grammatical function that adverb phrases can perform is the adverbial. Adverbials are defined as words, phrases, and clauses that modify an entire clause by providing information such as time, place, manner, condition, reason, or purpose. EX: The woman waited in line patiently The new mother looked at her new baby adoringly.
  14. 14. The fifth grammatical function that adverbs and adverb phrases can perform is the adjunct. Adjuncts are defined as words and phrases that frame an entire clause EX: Do you like to write about grammar, too? Nevertheless, students must turn in all assignments before the next class.
  15. 15. Syntax of the Adverb Phrase Like Adjective, Adverbs can be introduced by Degree words • Comparison:more/most, less/least • Intensity: too, very, so, quite… _Franz walks more quickly than Hans. _Sora ate her lunch too fast. _Nika speaks so quietly.
  16. 16. Can Adverb introduce other Adverb? • Franz walks amazingly quickly. • Sora ate her lunch incredibly fast. • Nika speaks extremely quietly. These are also Degree words EX: _She sings terribly.(= in a terrible manner) ADV
  17. 17. Evidence that a DEGREE WORD “goes with” an ADVERB to form a phrase: WH-Movement Pronominalization Coordination
  18. 18. WH-movement _Charlie drives very carefully. _Charlie drives how carefully? _How carefully does Charlie drive? _How does Charlie drive carefully? how carefully is a constituent = ADVP
  19. 19. Pronominalization Wh-proforms can also pronominalize for entire ADVP in a way that it often can’t for AP: Ricky drives [ADVvery fast]. How does Ricky drive? (very fast) Charlotte is [APreally nice]. What is Charlotte? (≠ really nice)
  20. 20. Coordination The singer sang softly. The singer sang very beautifully. The soprano sang softly and very beautifully. [softly] and [very beautifully] are both ADVPs
  21. 21. “softly and very beautifully” ADVP ADVP ADVPconj ADV and very beautifully soft
  22. 22. Type Adverb phrase Example Manner With a hammer The carpenter hit the nail with a hammer. Place Next door The woman who lives next door is a doctor. Time Before the holidays We must finish our project before the holidays. Frequency Every month Sally buys two CDs every month. Purpose For his mother John bought the flowers for his mother.