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Theories of technology and society

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This is an excerpt from a lecture that I give at the National University of Maynooth on the relationship of technology with society. It reviews concepts of technological determinism and outlines …

This is an excerpt from a lecture that I give at the National University of Maynooth on the relationship of technology with society. It reviews concepts of technological determinism and outlines Raymond Williams' influential social shaping of technology perspective.

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Transcript

  • 1. MD353Socialisation of TechnologyDr Trish Morgan Week 3
  • 2. TechnologicalDeterminism
  • 3. Determining and DystopianNeil Postman
  • 4. Determining Manuel and Castells Utopian
  • 5. Information Age New World Order Super-Text and Meta-Language
  • 6. Alternatives
  • 7. Social Shaping / Social Construction of Technology
  • 8. Raymond Williams
  • 9. Television:Technology andCultural Form
  • 10. effects
  • 11. cause
  • 12. whether it is to describe any technology as a cause, or, if we think of it as acause, as , and inwhat relations with other kinds of causes
  • 13. IF causeor somethingthat ‘leads to’ a societal or cultural outcome ?
  • 14. we can modify or seek to control its effects
  • 15. if we do that technology has an effect, what are the that has resulted in its particular use ?
  • 16. andcultural forms
  • 17. ‘when it is consciouslydeveloped for particular social uses that thegeneral significance begins’
  • 18. process
  • 19. these processes are
  • 20. social order
  • 21. technology use is not hard codedusers are active and socially situated decoders of technologies
  • 22. mcluhan and williams compared
  • 23. 1 Human Agency (Williams) vTechnological (McLuhan)
  • 24. ‘all technologies have been and improved to helpwith known human practices or with forseen and desired practices’ (Williams)
  • 25. ‘change of scale or pace’ (McLuhan)
  • 26. why a technology is developedthe social, cultural and economic factors that shape it the ways that technologies are mobilised for certain ends (Williams)
  • 27. 2Multiple andUses of a Technology
  • 28. the unforeseen
  • 29. 3 Concepts ofTechnology
  • 30. “man”
  • 31. The concept of medium
  • 32. a medium is aparticular use of a technology
  • 33. When isa technology a medium?
  • 34. a medium issomething we do with