MD353Socialisation of  TechnologyDr Trish Morgan    Week 3
TechnologicalDeterminism
Determining    and DystopianNeil Postman
Determining              Manuel    and              Castells  Utopian
Information    Age     New World Order            Super-Text               and          Meta-Language
Alternatives
Social Shaping / Social   Construction of     Technology
Raymond Williams
Television:Technology     andCultural Form
effects
cause
whether it is       to describe any technology as a cause, or, if we think of it as acause, as                  , and inwh...
IF                causeor somethingthat ‘leads to’              a societal or           cultural outcome   ?
we can    modify         or seek to control    its effects
if we do        that technology        has an effect,  what are the        that has   resulted in its particular          ...
andcultural forms
‘when it is consciouslydeveloped for particular  social uses that thegeneral significance         begins’
process
these processes   are
social order
technology use is not       hard codedusers are active and socially     situated decoders        of technologies
mcluhan and williams compared
1    Human Agency                (Williams)           vTechnological                   (McLuhan)
‘all technologies have been          and improved to helpwith known human practices or with forseen and desired           ...
‘change of scale or pace’                  (McLuhan)
why a technology is developedthe social, cultural and economic      factors that shape it the ways that technologies are  ...
2Multiple         andUses of a Technology
the unforeseen
3    Concepts ofTechnology
“man”
The concept of  medium
a medium is aparticular use of a  technology
When isa technology a medium?
a medium issomething we do   with
Theories of technology and society
Theories of technology and society
Theories of technology and society
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Theories of technology and society

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This is an excerpt from a lecture that I give at the National University of Maynooth on the relationship of technology with society. It reviews concepts of technological determinism and outlines Raymond Williams' influential social shaping of technology perspective.

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Theories of technology and society

  1. 1. MD353Socialisation of TechnologyDr Trish Morgan Week 3
  2. 2. TechnologicalDeterminism
  3. 3. Determining and DystopianNeil Postman
  4. 4. Determining Manuel and Castells Utopian
  5. 5. Information Age New World Order Super-Text and Meta-Language
  6. 6. Alternatives
  7. 7. Social Shaping / Social Construction of Technology
  8. 8. Raymond Williams
  9. 9. Television:Technology andCultural Form
  10. 10. effects
  11. 11. cause
  12. 12. whether it is to describe any technology as a cause, or, if we think of it as acause, as , and inwhat relations with other kinds of causes
  13. 13. IF causeor somethingthat ‘leads to’ a societal or cultural outcome ?
  14. 14. we can modify or seek to control its effects
  15. 15. if we do that technology has an effect, what are the that has resulted in its particular use ?
  16. 16. andcultural forms
  17. 17. ‘when it is consciouslydeveloped for particular social uses that thegeneral significance begins’
  18. 18. process
  19. 19. these processes are
  20. 20. social order
  21. 21. technology use is not hard codedusers are active and socially situated decoders of technologies
  22. 22. mcluhan and williams compared
  23. 23. 1 Human Agency (Williams) vTechnological (McLuhan)
  24. 24. ‘all technologies have been and improved to helpwith known human practices or with forseen and desired practices’ (Williams)
  25. 25. ‘change of scale or pace’ (McLuhan)
  26. 26. why a technology is developedthe social, cultural and economic factors that shape it the ways that technologies are mobilised for certain ends (Williams)
  27. 27. 2Multiple andUses of a Technology
  28. 28. the unforeseen
  29. 29. 3 Concepts ofTechnology
  30. 30. “man”
  31. 31. The concept of medium
  32. 32. a medium is aparticular use of a technology
  33. 33. When isa technology a medium?
  34. 34. a medium issomething we do with

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