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    Language Calisthenics Language Calisthenics Presentation Transcript

    • HERE IS A SELECTION OF RECORD-BREAKING WORDS: 
      Typewriter words, 
      sub alphabetic words, symmetrical words, most looked-up words, most misspelled words 
      And 
      the longest words .
      Click to advance slides…
    • Typewriter Words
      TYPEWRITER (10 letters) can be typed using only the top row of keys on a standard keyboard. Other ten-letter words with this property are 
      PEPPERROOT, PEPPERWORT,
      PERPETUITY, 
      PEWTERWORT, PIROUETTER, 
      PREREQUIRE, 
      PRETORTURE,PROPRIETOR, 
      REPERTOIRE, 
      REPETITORY, TETTERWORT.
      If hyphens are allowed, then 
      TEETER-TOTTER (12 letters) is possible, as is TEETER-TOTTERER (14 letters), although the latter is not found in dictionaries. Another possible 12-letter word,POWERTRIPPER, is also not in any major dictionary.
    • SHAKAL SHAS 
      (10 letters) is the longest word which can be typed using only the middle row of letters on the keyboard.
      Others include 
      HAGGADAHS, 
      FLAGFALLS,
      HADASSAHS, 
      GALAGALA, 
      GALAHADS, 
      HASKALAH, and 
      ALFALFAS.
    • The only dictionary
      word which can
      be typed using only the bottom row of letters is
      ZZZ 
      (to indicate sleeping).
      (There are no vowels in the bottom
      row)
    • AFTERCATARACTS, 
      TESSERADECADES 
      and 
      TETRASTEARATES 
      (each 14 letters) are the longest words which can be typed using
      only the fingers
      of the 
      left hand,
      using the
      standard
      method of typing.
    • Using only the fingers
      of the 
      right hand,
      one can type the
      12-letter word 
      JOHNNY-JUMP-UP 
      (common name for
      a flower)
      including the
      hyphens,
      and also
      PHYLLOPHYLLIN 
      (13 letters).
    • Sub -alphabetic Words
      FICKLEHEADED 
      and 
      FIDDLEDEEDEE 
      are the longest English words consisting only of letters in the 
      first half of the alphabet,
      each being 12 letters long.
      The 13-letter
      CABBAGEHEADED and 
      ILLEFFACEABLE 
      are not in dictionaries. Unfortunately, neither is 
      HIGGLEHAGGLED 
      nor 
      GIBBLEGABBLED,
      also 13 letters each.
    • It is harder
      to
      make long words
      from the 
      second half of
      the alphabet,
      as there are only two vowels, and these vowels are less common than those found in the first half of the alphabet.
      The longest is 
      NONSUPPORTS (11 letters), although if place names are allowed then the 13-letter words 
      TUTTOQQORTOOQ 
      (in Greenland) and ROSSOUWSPOORT 
      (in South Africa)
      are valid.
    • ACCEDED, 
      CABBAGE, 
      BAGGAGE, 
      DEFACED, 
      EFFACED,
      and 
      FEEDBAG 
      are seven-letter
      words which can
      be played
      on a musical
      instrument,
      that
      is to say they
      contain only
      letters in the
      range A-G. 
      CABBAGED,
      at eight letters,
      is the longest
      such
      word.
    • Most looked-up and most misspelled Words-
      PARADIGM 
      was the word most frequently looked up in 1998 in the Merriam-Webster online
      dictionary.
      Some other words frequently looked up, besides obscene words, were 
      UBIQUITOUS, 
      ESOTERIC, 
      OXYMORON, 
      SERENDIPITY, 
      HUBRIS, 
      OBSEQUIOUS,
      and 
      ECLECTIC.
    • In 2001, the ten most
      frequently looked up
      words in the
      Cambridge
      Dictionaries
      Online were 
      SERENDIPITY, 
      IDIOM, 
      PARADIGM, 
      UBIQUITOUS,
      DICTIONARY, 
      PRAGMATIC, 
      EFFECT, 
      GRY, 
      JINGOISM,
      and 
      FOIBLE.
      The most frequently
      looked up article in
      the World Book
      Encyclopaedia is
      said to be 
      SNAKE.
    • The words most likely to be misspelled 
      (ratio of incorrect to correct spelling)
      according to a study of Usenet traffic some years ago were 
      DUMBELL, 
      OCCURRENCE,
      MEMENTO, 
      FRUSTUM, 
      COLLECTIBLE, 
      AMATEUR, 
      DAIQUIRI, 
      PASTIME,
      ACCIDENTALLY, 
      PLAYWRIGHT, 
      EMBARRASS, 
      ACQUIT, 
      HARASS,
      and
      PRONUNCIATION.
    • The same study showed the words most frequently misspelled (by gross count) to be: 
      RECEIVE, 
      ALOT, 
      AMATEUR, 
      SEPARATE, 
      REALIZE, 
      THEIR,
      DEFINITE, 
      INDEPENDENT, 
      WEIRD, 
      EMBARRASS, 
      ARGUMENT, 
      NO ONE, 
      ACQUIRE,
      ACCIDENTALLY, 
      OCCURRENCE, 
      COLLECTIBLE, 
      RIDICULOUS, 
      MANEUVER, 
      LIAISON,
      GAUGE, 
      ATHEIST, 
      GRAMMAR, 
      SUPERSEDE, 
      KERNEL, and CONSENSUS.
    • Longest Words
      (45) PNEUMONO ULTRA MICRO SCOPIC SILICO VOLCANO CONIOSIS 
      (also spelled
      PNEUMONO ULTRA MICRO SCOPIC SILICO VOLCANO KONIOSIS)
      = a lung disease caused by breathing in particles of siliceous volcanic dust.This is the longest word in any English dictionary. However, it was coined by Everett Smith, the President of The National Puzzlers' League, in 1935 purely for the purpose of inventing a new "longest word". 
      The Oxford English Dictionary described the word as factitious. Nevertheless it also appears in the Webster's, Random House, and Chambers dictionaries.
    •  HEPATICO CHOLANGIO CHOLECYST ENTERO STOMIES 
      = a surgical creation of a connection between the gall bladder and a hepatic duct and between the intestine and the gall bladder.This is the longest word in Gould's Medical Dictionary.
      SUPER –CALI- FRAGI -LISTIC -EXPI -ALI -DOCIOUS 
      = song title from the Walt Disney movie
      ‘Mary Poppins.’It is in the Oxford English Dictionary.
      "But then one day I learned a wordThat saved me achin' nose,The biggest word you ever 'eard,And this is 'ow it goes:Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious!"
    • Chemical Terms
      Two chemical terms (3,641 and 1,913 letters long) have
      appeared in the 
      Guinness Book of World Records.
      They were withdrawn because
      they have never been used
      by chemists, and there is
      no theoretical limit to the length
      of possible legitimate chemical terms.
      A DNA molecule could have a name of over
      1,000,000,000
      letters if it was written out in full.
    • (1,185) Acetyl seryltyrosylserylisoleucylthreonylserylprolylseryl­glutaminyl phenyl alanylvalyl phenyl alanylleucylserylserylvalyl­tryptophylalanylaspartylprolylisoleucylglutamylleucylleucyl­asparaginylvalylcysteinylthreonylserylserylleucylglycyl­asparaginylglutaminyl phenyl alanylglutaminylthreonylglutaminyl­glutaminylalanylarginylthreonylthreonylglutaminylvalyl­glutaminylglutaminyl phenyl alanylserylglutaminylvalyltryptophyl­lysylprolyl phenyl alanylprolylglutaminylserylthreonylvalyl­arginyl phenyl alanylprolylglycylaspartylvalyltyrosyllysylvalyl­tyrosylarginyltyrosylasparaginylalanylvalylleucylaspartyl­prolylleucylisoleucylthreonylalanylleucylleucylglycylthreonyl­phenylalanylaspartylthreonylarginylasparaginylarginylisoleucyl­isoleucylglutamylvalylglutamylasparaginylglutaminylglutaminyl­serylprolylthreonylthreonylalanylglutamylthreonylleucyl­aspartylalanylthreonylarginylarginylvalylaspartylaspartyl­alanylthreonylvalylalanylisoleucylarginylserylalanylasparaginyl­isoleucylasparaginylleucylvalylasparaginylglutamylleucylvalyl­arginylglycylthreonylglycylleucyltyrosylasparaginylglutaminyl­asparaginylthreonyl phenyl alanylglutamylserylmethionylseryl­glycylleucylvalyltryptophylthreonylserylalanylprolylalanyl­serine 
      = Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Dahlemense Strain.This word has appeared in the American Chemical Society's Chemical Abstracts and is thus considered by some to be the longest real word.
    • This is the coat protein of the Dahlemense strain of the
      tobacco mosaic virus, the name of which is considered to be the longest real word.
    • Images : Google Search,
      Text : http://www.fun-with-words.com
      Music : ArmikDashchi, ‘For Annette’
      2010