Art Movements ofthe Post WWI Years      1919-1939            Raphaella W. Chappaqua, NY
modernism     1916 - 1940
Principles of Modernism           The expression of the           Artist’s right to           freedom of choice in        ...
Art movements as part of            Modernism   Dadaism (1916 – 1924)   Bauhaus (1919 – 1933)   Art Deco (1920 – 1935)   S...
dadaism   1916 - 1924
Tristan Tzara – founder of Dadaism “ Freedom : Dada Dada Dada, a roaring of tense colors, and interlacing of opposites and...
Dadaism          Began in neutral          Switzerland in WWI          Also big in Paris.          Reached its peak       ...
Characteristics of Dada Art  Nonsensical drawings  Pastel and faded colors  Used collages and layers – to confuse  the “un...
Important Artistsof the Dada Movement  Tristan Tzara (1896 – 1953)  Francis Picabia (1879 – 1953)  Kurt Schwitters (1887 –...
KurtSchwittersThe Cherry   Picture     1921
KurtSchwittersMerz 448(Moscow)1922
KurtSchwittersKleineDadaSoiree1922
Example covers ofDada Magazine(1917 & 1920)
bauhaus   1919 - 1933
Walter Gropius:    Founder of Bauhaus“The School will gradually turninto a workshop…    Art and Technology - anew unity.”
Bauhaus    Began in 1919 with    Bauhaus School in    Weimar, Germany.    Lead by Walter    Gropius, Hannes Meyer,    & Lu...
Walter GropiusBorn in Berlin in 1883Served as Sgt. Majorin WWI.In 1919 was employedas the new master of theGrand-Ducal Sax...
Characteristics of Bauhaus A lack of recognizable objects – wanted to find the true meaning of art through disassembling i...
Important members of the Bauhaus schoolWalter Gropius (1883-1969)Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)Josef Albers (1888-1976)Herb...
Bauhaus School in Dessau, Germany
Wassily KandinskyContrasting   Sounds      1924
WassilyKandinskyOn White II1923
Wassily KandinskyYellow Red Blue1925
Josef AlbersFigure (Glass,Colour andLight)1921
Like Dada,Bauhaus alsopublishedperiodicals andmagazines.Head of printingand design forBauhaus Magazinewas Herbert Bayer.Th...
art deco   1920 - 1935
Art Deco     Center: Paris.     Gained the title “Art Deco”     from Exposition     Internationale des Arts     Decoratifs...
Characteristics of Art Deco  Geometric shapes  Although not the flowing swirls of Art  Nouveau, had bolder curves and less...
Exposition Internationale des artsDecoratifs et Industriels Modernes April – November 1925 Held in Paris To show the world...
Important Art Deco Artists Tamara de Lempicka (1898 – 1980) “Erte” - Romain De Tirtoff (1892 – 1990) William Van Allen (18...
Tamara deLempickaSelf Portrait inthe GreenBugatti1925
Erte      Design forLanternbearer in   “Venise XVII”           1919
ErteL’Arc En Ciel(Cover for“HarpersBazaar”)1929
CassandreL’Atlantique1932
early surrealism           1920 - 1935
SurrealismInspired by new psychology of two men:  Sigmund Freud    &   Carl Gustav Jung
Basic Principles      Freud                    JungHuman development       Neuroses are causedis best understood as   by c...
Surrealism     Divided into two groups     based on different     interpretations of Freud and     Jung – the Automatists ...
SurrealismLead by Andre Brenton, aFrench doctor who hadserved in the trenchesduring WWI.Subject matter was varied:  – some...
Max ErnstHydrometricDemonstrationOf How To KillBy Temperature1920
Max ErnstKupferblech      1919
Max ErnstThe ElephantCelebs1921
Max ErnstThe Couple in Lace1925
Rene MagritteVoice of Space         1931
Rene MagritteThe False Mirror1928
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Modern Art Powerpoint pdf

  1. 1. Art Movements ofthe Post WWI Years 1919-1939 Raphaella W. Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. modernism 1916 - 1940
  3. 3. Principles of Modernism The expression of the Artist’s right to freedom of choice in subject and style. Departure from literal representation – no longer needed with birth of photography. “Art for Art’s sake” Reject tradition and society.
  4. 4. Art movements as part of Modernism Dadaism (1916 – 1924) Bauhaus (1919 – 1933) Art Deco (1920 – 1935) Surrealism [early] (1920 - 1935)
  5. 5. dadaism 1916 - 1924
  6. 6. Tristan Tzara – founder of Dadaism “ Freedom : Dada Dada Dada, a roaring of tense colors, and interlacing of opposites and all contradictions, grotesques, inconsistencies: LIFE” “Dada Manifesto” [1919]
  7. 7. Dadaism Began in neutral Switzerland in WWI Also big in Paris. Reached its peak between 1916 – 1924 “Anti – Art” A movement against rigidity of society and art, and the barbarity of war – the public didn’t deserve art after the war.
  8. 8. Characteristics of Dada Art Nonsensical drawings Pastel and faded colors Used collages and layers – to confuse the “unworthy beholder.” “The beginnings of surrealism” – many Dada artists went on to become members of the Surrealist movement. Subjects sometimes mundane, called art as irony. (e.g.– bicycle wheel, flyer.)
  9. 9. Important Artistsof the Dada Movement Tristan Tzara (1896 – 1953) Francis Picabia (1879 – 1953) Kurt Schwitters (1887 – 1948) Max Ernst (1891 – 1976) Marcel Duchamp (1887 – 1958)
  10. 10. KurtSchwittersThe Cherry Picture 1921
  11. 11. KurtSchwittersMerz 448(Moscow)1922
  12. 12. KurtSchwittersKleineDadaSoiree1922
  13. 13. Example covers ofDada Magazine(1917 & 1920)
  14. 14. bauhaus 1919 - 1933
  15. 15. Walter Gropius: Founder of Bauhaus“The School will gradually turninto a workshop… Art and Technology - anew unity.”
  16. 16. Bauhaus Began in 1919 with Bauhaus School in Weimar, Germany. Lead by Walter Gropius, Hannes Meyer, & Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe. Wanted to create new art to reflect the new times they were living in after WWI. Artist should be trained to work in the industry.
  17. 17. Walter GropiusBorn in Berlin in 1883Served as Sgt. Majorin WWI.In 1919 was employedas the new master of theGrand-Ducal SaxonSchool of Arts and Craftsin Weimar – became theBauhaus School.Fled Germany and theNazi Party in 1934.Died in Boston, MA in 1969.
  18. 18. Characteristics of Bauhaus A lack of recognizable objects – wanted to find the true meaning of art through disassembling it. Clean lines, geometric shapes layered. In architecture: clean, functional. Like Dadaism, was a step toward surrealism for artists such as Wassily Kandinsky. Stylistic patterns altered as leaders of the school changed – earlier Bauhaus is different to later Bauhaus.
  19. 19. Important members of the Bauhaus schoolWalter Gropius (1883-1969)Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)Josef Albers (1888-1976)Herbert Bayer (1900 - 1985)
  20. 20. Bauhaus School in Dessau, Germany
  21. 21. Wassily KandinskyContrasting Sounds 1924
  22. 22. WassilyKandinskyOn White II1923
  23. 23. Wassily KandinskyYellow Red Blue1925
  24. 24. Josef AlbersFigure (Glass,Colour andLight)1921
  25. 25. Like Dada,Bauhaus alsopublishedperiodicals andmagazines.Head of printingand design forBauhaus Magazinewas Herbert Bayer.The Bauhausschool alsopublished bookscalledBauhausbücher
  26. 26. art deco 1920 - 1935
  27. 27. Art Deco Center: Paris. Gained the title “Art Deco” from Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes in 1925 A new kind of decorative and elegant art. Reached its high point in the mid ’20s – mid 30’s. Reaction to the forced austerity caused by WWI.
  28. 28. Characteristics of Art Deco Geometric shapes Although not the flowing swirls of Art Nouveau, had bolder curves and less “fussy” designs. Bold colors, and new ways of shading pictures. Idealistic images of the “flaming youth” of the “roaring twenties”. Carried a theme through pieces, especially in interiors and architecture.
  29. 29. Exposition Internationale des artsDecoratifs et Industriels Modernes April – November 1925 Held in Paris To show the world that France once again led the way in a new evolving international style – “Art Deco”. Changed the perception of Bauhaus, Colonial Art and, predominantly, the Art Deco style as legitimate movements.
  30. 30. Important Art Deco Artists Tamara de Lempicka (1898 – 1980) “Erte” - Romain De Tirtoff (1892 – 1990) William Van Allen (1883 – 1954) “Cassandre” - Adolphe Mouron (1901 – 1968)
  31. 31. Tamara deLempickaSelf Portrait inthe GreenBugatti1925
  32. 32. Erte Design forLanternbearer in “Venise XVII” 1919
  33. 33. ErteL’Arc En Ciel(Cover for“HarpersBazaar”)1929
  34. 34. CassandreL’Atlantique1932
  35. 35. early surrealism 1920 - 1935
  36. 36. SurrealismInspired by new psychology of two men: Sigmund Freud & Carl Gustav Jung
  37. 37. Basic Principles Freud JungHuman development Neuroses are causedis best understood as by conflicts betweenchanging objects of individualssexual desire subconscious andWishes are repressed greater world.and emerge from the Sexual desire doessubconscious in not play as huge a“accidental” bursts – role.Freudian slips. Must make a healthyNeuroses are caused relationship betweenby repressed the conscious andmemories and unconscious –unconscious shouldn’t be cut offconflicts. from it, but shouldn’tID, Ego and Super be swamped by it.Ego.
  38. 38. Surrealism Divided into two groups based on different interpretations of Freud and Jung – the Automatists and the Veristic Surrealists. Automatists - suppress conscious in order to free the subconscious, inspired by more “Dadaist” ideals, shouldn’t be overly analyzed. Veristic Surrealists - follow the images of the subconscious so they can be interpreted; art is a way to freeze ideas of the subconscious.
  39. 39. SurrealismLead by Andre Brenton, aFrench doctor who hadserved in the trenchesduring WWI.Subject matter was varied: – some pieces show a complete dislocation from any sort of literal “reality” (for example, Max Ernst’s works) -- other pieces show “normal” situations with a spark of absurdity (for example, Rene Magrittes works.)Bright colors among sometimes dullbackgrounds.
  40. 40. Max ErnstHydrometricDemonstrationOf How To KillBy Temperature1920
  41. 41. Max ErnstKupferblech 1919
  42. 42. Max ErnstThe ElephantCelebs1921
  43. 43. Max ErnstThe Couple in Lace1925
  44. 44. Rene MagritteVoice of Space 1931
  45. 45. Rene MagritteThe False Mirror1928
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