Delacroix The Death of Sardanapolis Aimed for the heart of the viewer!
Turner The Fighting Temeraire Relating idea with visual elements.
Turner Rain, Steam and Speed Anticipating Impressionism and beyond.
Turner Snowstorm Subject matter shifts from representation to presentation.
Common labor given dignity and monumentality.
Millet The Gleaners
Courbet The Stone Breakers
Realism threatens the status quo.
Courbet A Burial at Ornans
An uncommon tribute to the common.
Cracks in the foundation of academic painting.
A major social and aesthetic transformation heralds a new era.
Courbet The Artist’s Studio
Manet Luncheon On The Grass
A new mission breaks the rules.
Accepted and Rejected. Why?
1. One was an original composition? 1. One was a copy of an earlier composition?
2. One was an idealized mythical 2. One depicts a known prostitute of stubby
ﬁgure of classic proportions? proportions in a suggestive surrounding?
3. One rendered the ﬁgure as a full 3. One ﬂattens the composition by the
3D form, modeled by light and shade? elimination of almost all light and shade
All of the above.
Chiaroscuro gives way to minimal modeling
Hiroshige Lake by Hakone
Japanese woodcut prints inﬂuence
Western vision and art.
Art for Art’s Sake!
“Look at it; not through it.”
Manet Young Flautist