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January 2009 Coming soon on February 28, 2009: Tri Fusion Zi Spa Day!!! Watch the Forum for details! Base Bike Training Avoiding Dear Santa, Opportunites & Training, G.I. Distress, page 2 Time to Rest? page 4 Page 6 pages 9-11 Ironman Winter BoD, Training: Track Delicious Running, Sponsors, Workouts, Recipes, Calendars, page 3 page 5 pages 7-8 pages 12-13Race Report: USATF Cross Country Club Nationals short time, but I was mainly keeping an eye on the guy behindBy: Matt Cusack me. After the second lap, I knew if I didn’t totally fall apart he wouldn’t catch me, goal one down..maybe. We had a great squadIn the days leading up to this race, I knew this would be a battle out there, without them, I am not sure if I would have enduredfor me, since I would be a triathlete (slow one) in a field of fast that pain. Ten kilometer races are painful enough, but add belowrunners. My first goal was to not be last, second goal was to run 0 temps and 30 mph winds trying to knock you over and stoppinga 45 (below what I was hoping to be able to pull off). your breath, not making it easy. On the final lap II tried to ignore the weather forecast, but I started to catch a runner in front of me that wascouldn’t, I knew this would be worse than ice fading, I kept pushing but in the end I didn’t have itclimbing in frigid temps. Morning came, I met up in me to make up the ground in time. I finished inwith Greg Gallagher and we were off to the course. 45:53, which I am stoked considering the horribleFirst thing we noticed out there were the cold conditions. This was my first open 10k race, I hadSiberian wind gusts, not helpful. only run them in Olympic distance and my PR was 49:10, so this was an improvement. I watched theAbout 40 minutes before the start, the team we last guy come across a minute later, and the 12were running for, Brooks I.D., headed out for a DNFs gave me an idea on just how bad it was outwarm up along the course to cheer for some of the there. This was a hard starting line for me to be at,ladies we knew in the race. A few times I got blown from the start I felt I shouldn’t be there. I am tooabout while warming up , but I hoped running faster slow, I am not a runner, but to others on the teamwould shield me from this...yeah right. that didn’t matter. They treated me like I have been out there for years running like them, thanksBefore the gun went off I was a little nervous, this was new to guys! My fiance, Jessie was out there doing her best to keep myme and I didn’t want to get spiked. head up and legs moving , thanks babe, you rock! And I want to thank everyone that came out, since this was not an easy race toThen we were off, and instantly, I was pretty much alone. I be a supporter and fan: thanks Tim, Jessi, Emma, Roger, Natalie,knew this would happen and I was hoping a few runners would Phaedra, Teresa, Jazmin, Josh, Greg, Steve, Mike, The Barrs,stay close. The first lap went well, painful and cold, but well. I and all others. It was a cold day in hell out there, all whowent by the 2 mile mark at 13:56 and knew I needed to slow just endured are tough and dedicated!a little bit. A lot of thoughts went through my head in such a 
Dear Santa, A Triathletes there are actually Elves that need toI was bad this Christmas. Despite a Correspondence to Santa lose weight), have been able to shedpretty good training protocol, I by Ben Greenﬁeld, MS, CPT several pounds in a 2-4 week period ofbasically ate everything in sight. Now I time when utilizing this strategy.have a spare tire around my caloric (carbohydrate) intake during We’re not quite sure why it works, but itwaistline and I¹m trying to figure out exercise. In the same way that starving does.how to shed it quickly. Any advice? your body during the day decreases your resting metabolic rate, starving your 3. Lift weightsDear Triathlete, body during exercise decreases your Certainly I would not argue thatGood news. I have some proprietary fat- exercise metabolic rate. weightlifting has been shown toloss techniques that we use up here significantly enhance triathlonwith some of the Elves that go berserk So during your next few months of performance, because it hasn’t. But,on the tiramisu at our annual North training sessions, remember this core whenPole potluck. We also have some bigger- principle of physiology: fat burns in the added to a cardiovascular exerciseboned reindeer that have really flame of carbohydrate. Now you program, weightlifting has been shownimproved their power-to-weight ratio know how to get rid of that giant log of to significantly increase metabolic rateusing these same fat-loss strategies. fruitcake from your dear Aunt - and fat-free body mass. In otherHeck, after eight hundred Christmases consume it piece by piece during your words, it is a great way to get lean.with a solid 24 hour diet of chocolate long workouts! Or you could just Perhaps not quite as good as ourchip cookies and very large glasses of donate it to science. distinct strategy of cage fighting a Polarmilk, I myself have had to buckle bear, but definitely moredown at the New Year on many 2. Perform a 15-20 minute morning risk-free.occasions. So in no particular order, workout, sans breakfast. When youhere are my top three fat loss wake up in the morning after an Think of it this way: your body musttechniques: overnight fast, your body has burn more calories to sustain a fiber primarily burnt through the liver’s of muscle vs. a droplet a fat. By adding1. Eat during your training. carbohydrate stores, and has ample more muscle fibers to your body,Have you ever tried struggling through a muscle glycogen (storage carbohydrate) you increase your metabolic rate, andmulti-hour indoor cycling session to use as energy. During a window of burn more calories during the day,with as little sustenance as possible? Or time prior to breakfast, you can actually even when you’re not exercising.perhaps headed out for a 15 mile jump-start the weight loss process Wouldn’t it be nice to watch the bigrun in the snow with only one gel, just in by exercising in your body’s fat-burning, football game and know you’re blazingcase you really, really need it? intensity zone for a brief period of time. through an extra 25 calories per hour?Struggling through the last 15 minutes This is usually about 50-60% intensity. A good weightlifting set:rep scheme forof the training session light-headed You will not bonk, because your muscles hypertrophy (an increase in theand dizzy, you must have burnt can still supply the small amount of size of muscle cells), is three to fiveboatloads of fat, right? necessary carbohydrate energy to sets of 10 to 12 repetitions. Try to maintain exercise. choose multi-joint motions, like squat-Wrong. While it may feel like this to-overhead-press, pull-ups, walkingstrategy burn is a great way to deplete You must, however, not perform a long, lunges, and deadlifts. By lifting weightsthe body of storage energy, in reality marathon-style workout in this for just 20-30 minutes three timesyou’re doing just the opposite. pre-breakfast window, or you will be per week, you can significantly increaseTraining starved actually decreases the ravenous afterwards and more likely to your proportion of lean muscle toamount of calories burnt during overeat and store fat. So stick to a fat, and subsequently lose weight. Andyour training session, while also limiting brief, sustainable, fat-burning you wouldn’t believe how a few extrapotential intensity and harming workout, and do it every morning until medicine ball lifts can help when itrecovery. you have achieved your goal weight. comes time to hoist a giant toy bag No excuses. into a sled.As a matter of fact, when you doconsume carbohydrate during a training You must understand that there is no Obviously, there are a great many wayssession, your body actually burns more research that has studied this to lose fat. These are just a few offat and a greater number of overall fat-burning window. At least, we’re not the more effective strategies that cancalories. This may seem counterintuitive, aware of any up here in the North Pole. be implemented by an athlete, whetherbut multiple research studies have However, I myself, as well as dozens of in the off-season or in the process ofobserved increased fat burning in the of fat-loss Elf clients (yes, preparing for a race. 
Winter Running: Helping Your Feet SurviveBy Christine Dobrowolski 6. Dont pull out your old shoes for winter running. You may not want to wear your new running shoes in the rain, but make sure you do not start your winter running in shoes that have 400 - 500 milesAs the days shorten and the weather cools, running on them. This could lead to injury.becomes more difficult. Many times it may seemmore inviting to curl up with a good book and a warm 7. Warm up slowly. Your muscles will take longer tocup of tea as opposed to bundling up and facing the warm up in colder weather. Without proper warm-upelements. time, you will increase your chance of injury.For those who are motivated enough to run through 8. Minimize running on uneven ground. When runningthe cold, dark winter days, it is important to know on uneven terrain, your body needs to quickly adapthow to protect the feet so they too can survive the to the rocks, roots or dips. In cold weather, it iswinter months. more difficult to adjust to uneven terrain because your muscles do not react as quickly. This will1. Wear one pair of light or medium weight increase your chances of developing muscle strains(depending on the temperature) synthetic socks. and sprains.Dont wear cotton socks. Synthetic socks wick awaymoisture and help prevent blister formation and cold 9. Break in your shoes. Make sure you have at leastfeet. 75 - 80 miles of running on your shoes before wearing them in a winter marathon.2. Consider running in a trail shoe. Trail runningshoes will help protect your feet more than lighter 10. Consider cross-training. If you are feeling morenylon running shoes. Trail shoes also tend to have stiff and sore than usual or are experiencing foot,more tread on the bottom to add traction for ankle or leg discomfort, take a break from running.slippery surfaces. Overuse injuries occur more frequently in the winter as runners unconsciously alter their gait to adapt to3. Make sure your shoes fit. If your feet tend to slippery, hard-to-see surfaces. Consider occasionalswell a little in the summer, then your shoes may be visits to the gym or embracing the elements ona little loose in the winter. If you tend to wear cross-country skis or an indoor training ride.heavier socks in the winter, this may not be an issue.If not, you may find your cold toes are being jammedagainst the front of the shoes when running hills andyour heel may be slipping and causing blisters.4. Avoid tight footwear in cold weather. Tight shoesmay decrease circulation to the toes. The coldweather also will decrease the circulation to theextremities, and the combination can lead toproblems.5. Pair your socks and shoes. Dont assume yourheavier socks will work with your summer runningshoes. The reverse is also true. Your summer runningsocks may not work with your winter or "muddy"running shoes. 
Simpliﬁed Base Bicycle Training From Joe Friel’s blog If you are now in your early base period of training there are only three thingsyou should be focusing on in your training: aerobic endurance, force and speedskills.I write about this topic a lot this time of year, it seems. That’s probably because I seeso many athletes doing so little in their training now to optimize fitness in these three critical areas. Most are in ahurry to get into muscular endurance, anaerobic endurance and power training. In fact, those who burned out last Julyor so have been training these abilities since September when they started to get their enthusiasm for training back.They are flying now. That’s why I call them “Christmas Stars.” By about May motivation will start to wane again and willbe totally gone by June or July when, in most parts of the northern hemisphere, racing is still going strong and has afew months to go.Patience is the key to success in endurance sport. I’ve also written about that idea many times. One must be patientwith training. When passed by a group of Christmas Stars on the road now you’ve got to have the patience to hold backand stick with your planned base fitness training. It helps to have a coach, someone who will hold you accountable forwhat you do in workouts. I seldom have to remind the athletes I train that they need to stick with the plan whileavoiding Christmas Star group rides. Down deep we each understand the benefit of building deep levels of fitness inthese three key abilities before starting to do the high intensity stuff later on. We realize that if we are patient nowand just grind out the miles as planned, the reward later on will be much greater.There are three simple ideas I build into the workouts of the riders I coach to help them get benefit from everyworkout this time of year. Here’s the gist of what I have them do in the form of training suggestions for you. There’smore to it than this. You can read one of my books to get all of the details. But it can all be boiled down to three basicelements of training for early base training…1. Aerobic Endurance. Maximize 2-zone training time each week. For now, try to get about 40% of your training timeeach week in this zone. And higher doesn’t count as part of the 40%. Pay close attention to your power meter or heartrate monitor. Ride steadily. Avoid high and low numbers. No sprinting and no coasting. You’ll have a big aerobic engineafter a few weeks of this.2. Force. Climb all hills on certain select rides each week staying in the saddle. This will do wonders for building hipand knee extension strength improving your riding power overall. After a few weeks of this you will be a stronger rider,just in time to start the high intensity training. This is a simple stepping stone workout for great sustained power.3. Speed Skills. Put a 25T or 27T cassette on your bike and pedal at high cadence on all terrains, including hills, atleast three days a week. “High” cadence means at the upper end of your comfortable cadence range. Most riders arecomfortable from about 75 to 95 rpm. So ride a lot averaging about 95. Your power will drop down some. That’s okay. Itwill rise in a few weeks as you become more economical. Improved pedaling skills will pay off in faster racing later in theseason. 
Three Track Workouts for Ironman Performance perhaps a few stride-outs, you’ll commence with eightBy:Carmichael Training Systems 1000-meter intervals, separated by 4 minutes of easy jogging or walking. Start each interval gradually insteadSeptember-12-2008 of sprinting up to speed, but quickly settle into your 5K race pace. The first 3 or 4 intervals may feel pretty easy,Why would an athlete but they will get more challenging as you proceed,preparing for an event especially since the 4 minutes of recovery is purposely toothat lasts more than 8 short to allow for full recovery. You should, however, behours want to spend able to complete all the intervals at the same pace, andtime running around a shouldn’t feel totally wiped out when it’s over. If you do,track, and for what go 3–7 seconds slower per 1000-meter repeat the nextbenefit? Though they can seem contrary to the spirit and time you complete the workout.demands of Ironman distance triathlons, track workoutsare actually an integral part of preparing your body for a 2-Mile Repeatsfaster and stronger performance in your next, or first, The natural question we get regarding 2-mile repeats isIronman competition. that if you’re strong enough to run 4 miles at the same pace, why bother with a recovery break after 2? BecauseWhy bother with the track? in order to go from running 9-minute miles to runningWith all the beautiful trails and paths you could run 8:30s, you have to move your feet faster and push yourthrough, why should you bother running in circles? Well, heart and lungs harder, and that means running longsuccessful triathlon training is all about managing your intervals at a pace you can only sustain for limited periodtime and getting the biggest impact from each of your of time. These intervals are good to do on the tracktraining sessions. The track offers a prime opportunity to because you can time each lap and see if you’re still onfocus your running workout on high-quality intervals so you pace, something that can be much more difficult on thecan get the stimulus you need to become faster, but not open trail. Of course, with newer heart rate monitors youso much fatigue that you struggle to recover in time for can use GPS technology to monitor speed and distanceyour next training session. accurately on roads and trails. These intervals should run at your Tempo run pace, which is a strenuous intensity butTrack workouts are strenuous, but they serve a very about 98–102% of your heart rate at your maximumspecific purpose beyond making you tired. By pushing the sustainable pace (not your max heart rate!). After a goodpace and training at the high end of your aerobic range warm-up, run two 2-mile intervals at this pace, separatednear your lactate threshold or maximum sustainable pace, by 4 minutes of easy jogging or walking for recovery.you’ll force your body to adapt to producing and recyclingincreased amounts of lactic acid. Over time, this results in 2-Mile Ladder Drillthe ability to run faster at both moderate intensity levels Ladder drills are a staple of track training, but these mayand at race pace. be a little different from what you used prior to sprint and Olympic-distance events because these a bit longerOne departure from old-school track workouts you may and slower than you may be used to. The key is tonotice in the descriptions below is that we’re not talking complete each segment of the ladder at the same pace.about gut-busting, go-till-you-puke intervals. Instead, The shorter segments in the beginning will seem verythese should be done at a pace between your 5K and 10K easy, but resist the urge to go faster in the beginning sorace pace, which is faster than your marathon pace, but you have the stamina to put in quality intervals all the waynot an eye-crossing sprint, either. It is best to to the end. Like the 2-mile repeats, these intervals shouldincorporate one track workout a week into your training run at your Tempo run pace, about 98–102% of your heartprogram, starting about 4 months out from your Ironman- rate at your maximum sustainable pace. Start with 400distance event. yards, then proceed to 800, 1200, 1600, 2000, 2400, 3200, 2400, 2000, 1600, 1200, 800, and 400 yards; and1000-Meter Repeats recovery after each work segment should be the sameOf the 3 workouts listed here, this is the hardest one amount of time it took to complete the work segment.because the pace is the highest. Following a warm-up and 
Training Opportunities!!! Im certainly a fan of getting out there and trying to get aby Natalie Gallagher workout started, especially since you can often get through a whole workout as long as you can get through the first 10– 15 minutes. However, “wimping out” is sometimes theBeginning on January sixth, the Tri Fusion board members smartest thing you can do. There are times when I wish thehave been posting and hosting training events weekly. These athletes I work with would listen more closely to theirtraining opportunities are additions to opportunities that a bodies and call it a day when theyre not responding to theirfew board members already post and host weekly, such as workouts. Here are a few good ways to tell if turning aroundthe Thompsons’ weekly BAT’s and the Gallaghers’ weekly is the right thing to do:head lamp run. Why did we add the new training events tothe schedule? We paid close attention to the results of the 1. Your heart rate/power output doesn’t match yourmember survey a few months ago, when several folks wished perceived exertion. Though perceived exertion is oftenfor more training opportunities in different parts of dismissed as being “unscientific,” I believe it has to beSpokane. So, we put together some small teams of board taken into consideration when talking about training. Youmembers that committed to showing up at Champions Sport know how you normally feel when you’re exercising at aMedicine on Tuesday nights at 6:00 and the valley YMCA on certain pace or intensity. If it takes a superhuman effort toWednesday nights at the same time. raise your heart rate or power output to your normal cruising level, or to the level necessary for intervals, it’s aParticipation has been sporadic at the two new training sign that something’s not right. Usually, it means you’reopportunities, but we are hoping that you all like the options fatigued and that you’re better off doing an easier workoutand will be able to begin or continue to attend. The board or taking the day off. Sometimes this scenario will evenwill continue as guest hosts through the month of January. continue for a few days, but generally it won’t last moreHopefully members will want to keep participating in the than a week. Listen to your body and give it the time itweekly runs and decide to meet up at Champs on Tuesday, needs.and/or the valley Y on Wednesday. 2. You feel like taking a nap by the side of the road or trail.Beginning on January 29th, we will slightly change the Most days, you’re raring to go when you head out for ameeting place of the weekly Thursday head lamp run. Let’s workout, but then there are days when you just can’t seemplan to meet at the Wandermere Starbucks to run. Each to get excited about training; you’re yawning at stop lightsweek that the Gallaghers are available to host dinner, we and daydreaming instead of focusing on your workout. Onwill post the dinner information on the Forum for after the days like these, it’s important to get out there and see whatrun and enjoy further fellowship with one another. happens after about 15 minutes. If you snap out of your funk and get your head in the game, then continue with thePlease see the calendar attached and continue to workout. If you can’t get your head into it, turn around andperuse the Tri Fusion forum for a wide range of go home. I’d rather see you miss that one workout and comegroup training opportunities! back excited the next day instead of absentmindedly going through the motions for several workouts in a row.*************************************** There’s one other piece of advice (it’s not completelyIt’s Not “Wimping Out” When pertinent to the original question, but it’s useful anyway): aYour Body Needs the Rest shortened workout is better than no workout at all. So, ifby Chris Carmichael socializing or poor weather cuts your available time down to just 30 minutes, take it. It helps you stay in a consistent“I’ve been following a training program for several training routine and ensures that you’re not slippingmonths, but there are days when I just don’t feel like backwards in your fitness progression. Shortened workoutsdoing my workout. I don’t know if my body’s trying to may not move you forward as much as complete ones do, buttell me something or if I’m just wimping out.” they’ll help you keep the fitness you’ve worked so hard to— Jason W., Portsmouth, ME build. 
Turkey Sausage FrittataIngredients:18 Eggs1 ½ Cups Swiss cheese Shredded1lb Cheddar Cheese Shredded1 cup Freshly Chopped Parsley1 cup Chanterelle Mushrooms (or any other type)1 Fuji Apple2lbs ground turkeySpices:¼ tsp- Thyme, Poultry Seasoning, Cumin1 tsp- Pepper, Salt2 sprigs Rosemary¼ cup rubbed sage1 cup freshly chopped parsleyDirections:In a large skillet put in turkey sausage and spices, stir together to mix evenly. Turn stove top tomedium heat and cook until browned. As you are cooking turkey sausage, in a large bowl breakopen all the eggs, beat together and set aside. Wash and cut up mushrooms into bite size pieces,and wash and cut apple into small chunks, then add into turkey mixture when it is almost done.Heat oven to 350 degrees. In a large glass pan, spray with olive oil and set aside. After turkeysausage mixture has cooled down, approx. 10 min., add egg mixture to skillet with Swiss cheeseand ½ cup of cheddar. Combine thoroughly and pour into pan. Top with remaining cheddar. Bakeuntil done, approximately 35-50 minutes depending on oven. Should serve about 12 people. Servehot or cold with your choice of condiments, we like Salsa! 
Pasta e Fagioli (Italian Chili) Submitted by Tiffany ByrdIngredients:1 pound ground beef1 small onion, diced (1 cup)1 large carrot, julienned (1 cup) *to save time, just chop!3 stalks celery, chopped (1 cup)2 cloves garlic, minced2 14.5 oz cans diced tomatoes1 15 oz can red kidney beans (with liquid)1 15 oz can great northern beans (with liquid)1 15 oz can tomato sauce1 12 oz can V-8 juice1 T white vinegar1 1/2 t salt1 t oregano1 t basil1/2 t pepper1/2 t thyme1/2 pound (1/2 pkg.) ditalili pastadash of hot sauce or cayenne pepperfresh Parmesan cheese*2 c water (see note at bottom)1. Brown the ground beef in a large pot over medium heat. Drain off fat.2. Add onion, carrot, celery and garlic and saute for 10 minutes.3. Add remaining ingredients, except pasta, and simmer for 1 hour (if youre running low on time, 30 minutes is fine too)4. About 50 minutes into simmer time, add in the uncooked pasta and continue simmering for the final 10 minutes.5. Serve with fresh Parmesan cheese.Serves 8*This Olive Garden favorite is very thick and chili-like. If you are looking for a more "soupy" texture, add the water.***************************************************************************************** Awesome Granola From Jen PolelloIngredients:2 ½ cup oats ¼ cup honey½ cup wheat bran cereal ¼ cup canola oil½ cup wheat germ 1/3 cup raisins1/3 cup chopped or whole almonds1/3 cup dried cranberries or mixed berries½ tsp cinnamonPreheat oven to 300 degrees. Combine all dry ingredients. Heat oil and honey in saucepan until bubbly, pour over dryingredients, pour in shallow pan or cookie sheet, bake 30-40 minutes, stir every 10 minutes. Add raisins and cranberries,cool, store in air tight container. Makes about 5 cups. 
Avoiding Exercise-Related GI DISTRESS IS COMMON ANDGastrointestinal Distress SYMPTOMS VARY BY SPORT: CULPRITS AND CAUSAL FACTORS:By Christopher D. Jensen Frequency estimates vary, but GI distress The causes of exercise-associated GI during or just after exercise is more distress are not yet fully understood. But common than not. In a study of individuals a variety of causal factors seem to be atJanuary-07-2009 who trained for 18 months in preparation work, including some that are inescapable for a marathon, 25% reported symptoms and others that you can do somethingYou’re out on a long training run. Your pace of GI distress during a 25-km race 12 about.is strong. The last chilly vestiges of the months into their training, and 52%early morning combined with the rising sun complained of distress symptoms during FACTORS YOU CAN’T CONTROL:warming your back has you feeling like you the marathon itself. The fact is that digestion is a processcould go on forever. The miles drift by. that takes place best when you’re at rest.You’re in the zone. In a another study of well-trained Exercise throws a wrench into the works. endurance athletes, researchers asked theBut around mile 7 you experience what athletes to report whether they’d When you’re exercising, blood flow to thefeels like the beginnings of abdominal experienced symptoms of exercise-related digestive tract is severely restricted, thecramping. You keep going, trying to GI distress during the preceding 12 gut may incurs all kinds of mechanicalrefocus, all the while hoping the sensation months: trauma due to the motion associated withwill pass. But the feeling doesn’t go away. exercise, and there’s a boost in theInstead, the cramps grow in intensity to • Among runners, 71% reported lower GI secretion of key hormones that increasethe point where — forget training — you’re tract symptoms, such as side aches, gut motility — the process whereby thenow running for one purpose only: to find a abdominal cramping, urge to defecate, contents of the digestive tract are movedrestroom. and diarrhea. In contrast, 36% reported through the system. Together, these upper GI tract symptoms such as exercise-related changes can wreak havocSound familiar? Abdominal cramping is just burping, nausea, and vomiting. on the digestive process, resulting in theone of a handful of symptoms that • Among cyclists, the incidence of lower range of GI distress symptoms thatcollectively are referred to as exercise- and upper GI tract symptoms were athletes report. The evidence alsoassociated gastrointestinal distress. For similar, at 64% and 67%, respectively. suggests that the higher the intensity ofshort, we’ll call it GI distress. Symptoms • Reports from triathletes confirmed the exercise, the more disruptive it is tocan include heartburn, burping, flatulence symptom patterns observed in runners normal digestive processes and the(the scientific term for passing gas), and cyclists. During the cycling leg of greater your chance of suffering GInausea, vomiting, abdominal or stomach triathlon competitions, lower and upper distress symptoms.cramping, the urgent need for a bowel GI tract complaints were reported inmovement, diarrhea, and/or 45% and 52% of athletes, respectively. Although you can’t really do much aboutgastrointestinal bleeding. During the running leg, lower GI tract the mechanical trauma or the physiological complaints were reported by 79% of changes that occur in the digestive tractIf one or more of these symptoms has athletes, while upper GI tract in response to exercise, understandingended some of your competitions or complaints were reported by 54% of that these factors exists underscorestraining sessions prematurely, or arrived athletes. the importance of making adjustmentswith a vengeance within a few hours of • In the most recent and largest study to to those causal factors you cancrossing the finish line, you’re not alone. In date, elite and recreational runners control.fact, these types of gastrointestinal competing in an event that includedcomplaints are very common among distances of 5, 10, 21, and 42 km, wereendurance athletes. asked to complete a questionnaire related to GI distress symptoms. A totalIn this article we’ll explore GI distress, of 45% of the runners had at least onewhich athletes tend to get which GI complaint during their run, andsymptoms, what are likely causes, and most almost 3% reported symptoms in the 24importantly, what you can do to steer clear hours after the competition. Theseof the problem and keep your gut happy. findings indicate that GI distress is common across endurance sports, and that the nature of the symptoms tends to vary from one sport to the next. 
Avoiding G.I. Distress (cont’d) For carbs and fluids as you near the startFACTORS YOU CAN CONTROL: of training or a competition, use a well- Practical strategies:Digestion is the process whereby the food designed sports drink, such as Try to avoid losing anymore than 2% ofand beverages that you consume are POWERBAR® ENDURANCE or GU 2 0 your body weight due to fluid loss duringbroken down so you can absorb necessary sports drink, instead of fruit juice or a exercise. For a 150-lb (68-kg) athlete, anutrients and eliminate waste. If GI soft drink, which are typically too high in 2% weight loss equates to just 3 lbs (aboutdistress is making it impossible to be at carbohydrate concentration. 1.4 kg). Monitor the effectiveness of youryour best during training sessions or Consider whether caffeine ingestion is hydration plan by weighing yourself beforecompetitions, altering what and how you contributing to your gastric woes. For and after exercising.eat and drink before and during training many athletes, some caffeine before and/ Use a sports drink to rehydrate with andand competitions may be your best shot at or during exercise can provide a much- minimize fluid loss during exercise. Fora solution. The following are strategies to needed boost. But there are individuals training sessions or competitions thatconsider: who develop GI symptoms from caffeine. extend much beyond an hour, or any time Experiment with and without caffeine you’re exercising in the heat or humidity, aCHANGE YOUR PRE-EXERCISE MEAL during training sessions to see what works sports drink that provides carbohydrates,AND SNACKING REGIMEN: best for you. fluids, and sodium, is a better option thanIf you’ve got a sensitive gut, don’t tax your plain water when it comes to managing GIdigestive tract in the hours before GET YOUR BOWELS TO MOVE BEFORE distress. There are a number ofexercise. STARTING A RACE: advantages. A sports drink not only If your typical GI distress symptom provides carbohydrates to fuel yourPractical strategies: happens to be the very uncomfortable muscles; it also provides a carbohydrateConsume your pre-exercise meal 3–4 hours urgent need to defecate when training or concentration in the optimal range tobefore training or competing to allow more competing, get the bowels to move before minimize GI distress. The sodium andtime for digestion to take place. you get to the starting line. carbs in a sports drink cause the fluid inConsume liquid rather than solid food as a the beverage to be absorbed more quickly,pre-exercise meal. Solid food generally Practical strategy: so there is less fluid sloshing around in therequires a longer amount of time to be A light carbohydrate snack with a warm digestive tract. The sodium helps maintaindigested and absorbed. A fruit smoothie beverage and a bit of gentle exercise your drive to continue drinking fluids andand a meal replacement drink are good (warm-up) can help stimulate a pre-race helps you retain the fluid that you’veexamples of liquid meals. bowel movement. consumed, so that dehydration doesn’tSteer clear of high-fat and high-fiber exacerbate the already-significantfoods in your pre-exercise meal. Fat and AVOID DEHYDRATION AND reduction in blood flow to the GI tract.fiber are slow to digest and/or process. OVERHYDRATION DURING EXERCISE: Finally, athletes freely consume moreStick to easy-to-digest carbs and a You can’t do anything about the severe fluids when their hydration beverage ismoderate intake of protein for your pre- cutback in blood flow to the digestive flavored, as is the case with a sports drink.exercise meal. tract during exercise. But you can make Implement and refine your during-exercise sure that dehydration doesn’t make hydration strategy during training matters even worse. If you don’t sessions, and find that gut-happy medium adequately replace the fluid and sodium where you’re in your hydration zone and GI you’re losing during exercise due to distress symptoms are avoided. sweating, you can become dehydrated. When this occurs, there is even less blood CONSUME THE RIGHT CARBS IN THE circulating to the digestive tract, and this RIGHT AMOUNTS DURING EXERCISE: can make the symptoms of GI distress For endurance exercise of an hour’s length even more severe. That said, don’t push or longer, consuming carbohydrates during your fluid consumption during exercise to exercise can delay the onset of fatigue. the point where large quantities of liquid During exercise, appropriate carbohydrate are sloshing around in your digestive tract sources are primarily sports drinks and and making you nauseous. energy gels taken with water. If chewing is feasible, sports bars and energy chews are options. 
Avoiding G.I. Distress (cont’d) CONSIDER SOME DIETARY CHANGES The cause of these debilitating stitches A DAY OR TWO BEFORE COMPETING: hasn’t been firmly established, but thePractical strategies: Lactose is the sugar naturally found in conventional wisdom is that they aren’tWhen using sports nutrition products dairy products such as milk. Lactase is an necessarily a digestive problem.during exercise, consume those that offer enzyme in the small intestine that breaksmultiple transportable carbohydrate down lactose into sugars we can readily Some theories as to their causessources, POWERBAR C2 MAX is an absorb. Some people have plenty of the include: taking shallow breaths with theenergy carbohydrate blend that features lactase enzyme. Some people don’t have chest during exercise, rather than takinga 2:1 ratio of glucose to fructose. Each enough and are lactose intolerant. deeper breaths with the diaphragm;type of carbohydrate is absorbed via its stretching of ligaments that hold internalown unique intestinal transport system. When lactose-intolerant individuals organs in place; pain that originates fromThis innovation allows carbohydrate fuel consume dairy products, the lactose can’t the mid-spine, but shows up as a side ache;to be absorbed at a faster rate, without be broken down. Instead, it moves into the and irritation of the membranes that lineoverwhelming the carbohydrate absorptive large intestine, where microbes feed on it. the abdominal cavity.capacity of the GI tract. As they chow down, these microbesDuring endurance exercise lasting 1–2 produce lots of gas and organic acids, Prevention is the best remedy, and in hishours, consume carbohydrates at the rate which quickly produce symptoms such as book, Lore of Running, physician andof 30–60 grams per hour. Refine your rate bloating, flatulence, burping, cramps, and exercise physiologist Timothy Noakes,of intake during race-pace training rapid-onset diarrhea. People that are says stitches may be prevented bysessions. lactose intolerant clearly need to avoid breathing with the diaphragm duringDuring endurance exercise of 2–3 hours or lactose-containing dairy foods. exercise and strengthening the abdominalmore in length, consume carbohydrates at muscles.the rate of 45–90 grams per hour. Refine There is a third category of individualsyour rate of intake during race-pace that have moderate levels of the lactase For stitches that occur when running,training sessions. enzyme. As such, they may be able to Noakes advises trying two measures: tolerate a small amount of lactose under exhaling very deeply to stretch theCONSUME ADEQUATE FLUIDS WITH normal circumstances, but not during diaphragm, or breathing out when you landYOUR ENERGY GELS: times when the gut is stressed, as it is on the foot opposite the side where theAnother option for rehydrating and during endurance exercise. stitch is felt.refueling during exercise is to consume anenergy gel and chase it with plain water. Practical strategies: Of course, there are no guaranteedMake sure to select an energy gel that If you suspect that lactose from dairy solutions. Other anecdotal suggestionsprovides sodium along with carbohydrates. products may be contributing to your GI include placing your hand into your belly onThese gels provide the carbohydrate and distress, try switching to lactose-free the side where the stitch is, just undersodium of a sports drink. dairy products for a day or two before a the ribcage, lifting up slightly, and inhaling competition or an extended training and exhaling evenly as you push up.Practical strategy: session.The same 24- to 48-hour Stretching may help, as well. Raise yourConsume a gel every 20–45 minutes during avoidance strategy can be applied to any right arm straight up, lean to the left, andexercise, and don’t skimp on water. Take a food or foods you suspect may be hold for 30 seconds. Then do the samefew gulps of water with each swallow of contributing to your symptoms. For stretch on the other side. And, of course,the gel to properly dilute its example, if you rule out lactose-containing slowing your pace until the pain subsides iscarbohydrates. dairy foods as a culprit, try cutting back the tried-and-true option. on high-fiber foods for a day or two before a competition or extended training session to see if it makes a difference. SOLVING SIDE STITCHES: Side stitches are common occurrences in distance runners, as well as in swimmers and athletes in team sports. In medical circles, these side aches are referred to as exercise-related transient abdominal pain. 
The Board of Directors, Sponsorsand The Calendar of Upcoming Events...Board of Directors We would like to extend a• Steve Anderson - Membership Director generous thank you to our• Tiffany Byrd - Uniform Director truly amazing sponsors!• Phaedra Cote - Kids Club Director• Trish Cudney - Social Director• Greg Gallagher - Event Director• Natalie Gallagher - Newsletter Director• Ben Greenfield - Website Director• Mark Hodgson - Mentor Director• Jim Powers - Vice President• Tim Swanson - Treasurer• Jessi Thompson - Secretary• Roger Thompson - President Jan./Feb. Calendar Races/Runs: Upcoming Events: • February 8th: Valentine Next Social: Training Opportunities: Duathlon at Olympia, WA • Saturday, February 28th: Tri Fusion Day at Zi Spa in Coeur d’ • Masters Swims @ Northside OZ on Tues @ 6-7:30 pm, & Sun @ 8-9:30 Alene! Details will appear • February 8th: Partners in Pain 5K soon on the Forum. am Race at Spokane, WA • Masters Swims @ Valley OZ on Thurs Next Membership Meeting: @6-7:30 pm, & Sun @ 8-9:30 am. • March 7th: 30th Annual Snake River • Thursday evenings: Headlamp Run is Canyon Half Marathon at Snake • February 18th, 2009 @ 6:30 back at the Gallagher’s (619 E. Huron p.m.: General membership River, WA Drive) at 6:30! Watch the Tri Forum meeting at location TBA. for details! • Also: Leprechaun Scurry at North Idaho College, Cd’A, ID • Starting in January: Headlamp Runs downtown at Champions on Tues @ • Next Kids Club Meeting: 6:00 & from the valley YMCA on Wed • March 15th: St. Paddy’s Five Miler at January 25th, 2009 @ the @ 6:00 pm too! Spokane Community College, Downtown YMCA @ 1:30-5:30 pm. • Many more group training Spokane, WA opportunities are posted daily on the Tri Forum... check it out!