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Joint actions and movement
Joint actions and movement
Joint actions and movement
Joint actions and movement
Joint actions and movement
Joint actions and movement
Joint actions and movement
Joint actions and movement
Joint actions and movement
Joint actions and movement
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Joint actions and movement

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anatomical movements joints articulations articular flexion extension abduction adduction dorsi-flexion plantar-flexion rotation circumduction rotation supination pronation physical education PE …

anatomical movements joints articulations articular flexion extension abduction adduction dorsi-flexion plantar-flexion rotation circumduction rotation supination pronation physical education PE sports actions

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Transcript

  • 1. FLEXION AND EXTENSION Flexion – decreasing the angle of the joint Extension – Increasing the angle of the joint Example: bending the knee or elbow Example: straightening the knee or elbow
  • 2. ABDUCTION AND ADDUCTION Abduction – any movement of a body part away from the midline of the body Example: Lifting arms out to the side Adduction – any movement of a body part towards the midline of the body Example: Bringing arms back towards the body
  • 3. CIRCUMDUCTION Movement at the end of the bone in a circular motion Generally will occur at the ends of the arms or legs (limbs) Example: Drawing a circle in the air with your fist (straight arm)
  • 4. ROTATION Any movement of a body part around a central axis This can occur at the shoulder or hip (ball/socket joints) or the neck Example: Turning the head from side to side.
  • 5. PRONATION AND SUPINATION Pronation – rotation of the hand so the thumb moves toward the body’s midline Supination – rotation of the hand so the thumb moves away from the body’s midline Example – palms facing down Example – palms facing up
  • 6. INVERSION AND EVERSION Inversion - movement of the sole of the foot toward the body’s midline Eversion – movement of the sole of the foot away from the body’s midline Example: twisting the ankle in Example: twisting the ankle out
  • 7. DORSI AND PLANTAR FLEXION Dorsi Flexion – decreasing the angle of the joint between the foot and lower leg Plantar Flexion – increasing the angle of the joint between the foot and lower leg. Example: raising the toes upwards Example: pointing the toes to the ground
  • 8. ELEVATION AND DEPRESSION Elevation – movement of the shoulders towards the head Example: shrugging shoulders Depression – movement of the shoulders away from the head Example: returning the shoulders to normal position (after shrugging)

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