Imagery, simluation and concentration

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Imagery, simluation and concentration

  1. 1.  Mental Imagery involves an ability to picture events via thoughts in the brain  Imagery is a form of simulation and allows the user to create, modify and strengthen important pathways involving coordination of muscles by training powerful thought processes
  2. 2.  Allow us to ‘feel’ our body as it moves through different actions  Heavily involves proprioception  Cartoon: “feeling” your way to the end result  EG: Hitting a golf ball
  3. 3.  Before they jump, they will visualise the movements (flips, twists and turns) of the jump they’re about to perform  Mental rehearsal can only work if the athlete is in a relaxed state
  4. 4.  Improves neural pathways between the CNS and muscles  Provides a mental template of rehearsal  Enables athletes to practice and prepare for foreseeable and unforeseeable events during competition
  5. 5.  Similar to imagery, simulation is carried out by making the physical environment as similar as possible to the game situation  EG: training in front of spectators, playing full contact games
  6. 6.  Very similar to the principle of specificity.  Simulation is thought to be superior to imagery as the stimuli introduced exists in reality  On the other hand, it requires greater preparation and set up
  7. 7.  The definition contains 3 parts 1. Focusing on relevant environmental cues 2. Maintaining attention focus over time 3. Having awareness of the situation Concentration and attention are used interchangeably
  8. 8. 1. Broad-internal focus: - Used to focus on thoughts and feelings - Fast bowler preparing to run in and bowl 2. Broad-external focus - Used to focus outwards on an opponents actions - Watching an opponent try to make a run to receive the ball
  9. 9. 3. Narrow-internal focus - Used to focus thoughts and mentally rehearse upcoming movements - A springboard diver 4. Narrow-external focus - Used to focus on very few external cues - Taking an uncontested mark in football
  10. 10.  Any most sports, attention needs to shift to adapt to the environment around them  It an athletes attention is inappropriate to the task, performance can be affected.  Sometimes distractions caused by future- oriented thinking EG?
  11. 11.  A situation where performance decreases because a heightened sense of pressure or importance is placed on an upcoming event or action
  12. 12.  Roberto Baggio ◦ 1994 World Cup
  13. 13.  Simulation  Shutting out irrelevant cues  Use of cue-words (move your feet, follow through etc)  Routines (see example on P324)  Overtraining skills (autonomous stage of learning)

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