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Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
Factors influencing participation in pa
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Factors influencing participation in pa

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  • 1. Factors Influencing Participation in Physical Activity PE Unit 2 AOS 2
  • 2. Factors • Demographics • Social • Environmental
  • 3. What are the influences? • Individual attitudes • Childhood (5-12 years) • Adolescence (12-18 years) • Adulthood • Older adults • Gender • • • • • • • Socioeconomic class Ethnicity Parents Schools/workplaces Peers The media Physical environment
  • 4. Individual Attitudes • As you grow up you go through different phases of development. – Different commitments – Developing identity – Influenced by different groups and ideas – Attitude • All of these things will shape a persons attitude towards PA
  • 5. Childhood • Children experiment with PA in the forms of play, modified games and competitive activities • They learn the basic skills required to be successful in future PA pursuits.
  • 6. Adolescence • Experiences for boys and girls differ greatly at this state of development • Both groups experience intense physical development, as well as identity and personality • The experiences gained during adolescence can shape PA attitudes and behaviours
  • 7. Adults • PA for adults is based on priorities and motivations, and a result of lifestyle and experiences gained during adolescence. • Opportunities are based on time available, money, study and the influence of peer groups
  • 8. Older Adults • Time available greatly increases • However, money, health, peer groups and mobility are factors that will limit or increase participation in PA
  • 9. Gender • Historically, females had less access and fewer opportunities to participate in PA • Often they were not encouraged to be active by family, schools or the community
  • 10. Gender • Social attitudes have changed gradually, and females are encouraged to participate in most forms of PA • Coverage of women’s sports in the media has helped to provide role models and opportunities for goal setting and aspirations.
  • 11. Socioeconomic Class • Opportunities and access to PA are often dictated by available money, time, facilities and equipment. • Concider sports such as snow-sports, sailing and other motorised water sports, polo and other horse-based sports.
  • 12. Ethnicity • Australia is a multicultural society with an eclectic mix of ethnic groups. • A person’s access to activities and the variety of activities available often differ according to the country the person lives in or where they’re from.
  • 13. Parents • Parents are a major influence on children's attitudes to PA • They can encourage participation by showing interest • Parental support is critical (money, transport, coaching, role-models) • Research tells us that if a parent is physically active, the child is more likely to be active as well.
  • 14. School/Workplaces • Schools provide meaningful PE and Sport programs • 7-10 students are mandated to participate in at least 100-minutes of PE and 100-minutes of Sport per week • Primary age students are required to participate in at least 3-hours per week
  • 15. School/Workplaces • Employers recognise the benefits of having a healthy workforce • The are consistently developing new strategies to get they employees more physically active: – Providing gym memberships – Bike racks – Showers at work
  • 16. Peers • Your friends (usually have the same interested and of a similar age) • A peer group’s favorable attitude towards participation in PA will have a strong influence on individual members of the group • Negative attitudes are equally as powerful
  • 17. The Media • The media plays a significant role in influencing people to participate in PA in various forms: – Exposure of activities (sport, comps, venues) – Promoting role models – Promoting lifestyle campaigns – Encouraging greater female participation
  • 18. Physical Environment • Research has shown that the characteristics of a neighborhood can influence a person’s participation in PA • Access to facilities • Proximity to facilities • Safety of facilities and nearby surroundings • Environmental changes (speed-zones, street lights, speed-humps, footpath and bike-path/road separation)

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