1. Theme 5. Part 2 Seven Myths of The Spanish Conquest Patricia Bigler History 140
2. Chapter 2 <ul><li>Conquistadors said between 1520-30’s no armies were sent by the King of Spain into the Americas. </li></ul><ul><li>There is an impression that the first Spanish settlers and invaders were members of military. </li></ul><ul><li>Through out history the term “soldiers” is used a lot. Even when historians quote letters written by Cortes the insert the word “Soldier” when Cortes actually says “Trescientos peones” which translated means “300 men on foot” </li></ul>
3. Chapter 2 <ul><li>The triumph of the Pizarro led Spaniard has been said to have been a more extraordinary achievment because it was not achieved by “…paid captains and armies.” </li></ul><ul><li>Even Cortes in his letters states that he tries to be in charge and delegate but he is dealing with a “motley bunch.” </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro de Alvarado Also does not use the term “soldiers” when he writes about the invasion of Guatemala in the same decade. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 64-page report of the division of silver and gold among the men at Cajamarca in 1533 there is also no mention of “soldier”. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a collection of letters that were written by the conquistadors and other spanish settlers in the Americas between 1520-95 and out of those 36 documents, only one contains the word “soldier”. </li></ul>
4. Conquistadors, were thought to have been “soldiers” and are portrayed that way in by a lot of Historians and in artwork.
5. Continued <ul><li>Permanent professional armies that we would associat with todays armies were only created in the 17 th century. They were loyal to the state not an individual leader. </li></ul><ul><li>Technological changes did not occur until the second half of the century (muskets, better armed ships, etc.) </li></ul>
6. Chapter 2 <ul><li>Wars in Europe contributed to changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain lacked the resources to send large quantities of weapons, or large forces across the Atlantic. </li></ul><ul><li>Europes development of military revolution in the 16 th and 17 th century altered the perception of the early conquerors and historians did the same. </li></ul><ul><li>Conquistadors did not have formal training and did not identify themselves as soldiers. Jerez remarked that the invaders of the Inca Empire were “…neither paid nor forced.” </li></ul><ul><li>Spainards did not join the conques expeditions for payments, but because they hoped to aquire status and wealth. </li></ul>