The people of the portuguese and spanish coloniespart3


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The people of the portuguese and spanish coloniespart3

  1. 1. The People of the Portuguese and Spanish Colonies in America Patricia Bigler History 140
  2. 2. Governor Luis da Cunha Menezes <ul><li>Governor Luis da Cunha Menezes </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1778 arrived in Vila Boa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group of the Caiapo </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He tried to increase Shipments of gold with limited success. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Served 5 years as governer and did more than his predecessors to pacify the hostile Indians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>His strategy was to use gentle persuasion and offered presents </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Governor Luis da Cunha Menezes <ul><li>In 1780 he organized 50 men and 3 Caiapo interpreters on an expedition to make contact with the Sertao or back country of the Claro River. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a successful expedition claiming to have not lost a man and bringing 36 Indians with them to meet their captain. </li></ul><ul><li>In May of 1781 a large group of Caiapo led by Chief Angrai-oxa made their way to the capital, Vila Boa </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The governor welcomed them and the Indians camped by his palace. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Friendly relations were confirmed by the baptism of 113 Caiapo children and Luis da Cuncha Menezes was godfather to the children of Angrai-oxa and those of other chiefs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Their alliance was cemented </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Chapter 8 Antonio de Gouveia Adventurer and Priest <ul><li>Azorean Priest </li></ul><ul><li>Lived during the 16 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Moved about freely in the Atlantic world that had been created by the Portuguese. </li></ul><ul><li>“… Unhinged himself morally and religiously in unhinging times.” </li></ul><ul><li>Knew astrology, read fortunes, practiced medicine, fortold the future and believed he had the key to invisibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Spent his youth in the Azores </li></ul><ul><li>Born in 1528 to a family of old Christians in Terceira. </li></ul><ul><li>Went to Libson at 20 and within two years made deacon and was then ordained to the Holy Priesthood in the Chapel of St. Anne. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Antonio de Gouveia <ul><li>His first mass was in Gestosa (his fathers birth place. </li></ul><ul><li>He was shipwrecked on a return voyage from Italy to Portugal, near Barcalona. He lost his belongings and practiced medicine (even though it was a forbidden profession for priests). </li></ul><ul><li>First encounter with the Inquisition during his journey across spain. Details of his arrest were not known and historians have to rely on his own account. Which was that the inquisitors didn’t like a priest who wore clothing plated with gold. </li></ul><ul><li>He appealed the sentence but the inquisitors stuck to it. Eventually he was released on bail. </li></ul><ul><li>He applied for membership in the New Society of Jesus and was received into the order in December of 1555. In December of 1556 He walked out of the Jesuit residence. </li></ul><ul><li>In may 1557 Bastiao Luiz denounced him to the inquisition of Libson. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They ordered his arrest on charges of superstition, witchcraft, divination and comerce with the devil, he was kept in jail 4 years before his case was settled and he was found guilty. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>He was popular in Bahia and Pernambuca as the gold priest because of his knowledge of mining </li></ul><ul><li>During raiding parties he would take sacred vessels and attack the indians and sometimes kill them and take their wives. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Micaela Angela Carrillo:Widow and Pulque Dealer <ul><li>Micaela Angela Carrillo was the daughter of a Spaniard, Diego Carillo and and Indian daughter Maria Gutierrez. </li></ul><ul><li>Because they were Mestizos they had greater economic opportunities than their Indian neighbors but because they were not white the son could not excersise leadership in the ceremonial life of the town and the doughters could not enter a convent. </li></ul><ul><li>Female widower that lived her life in Nuestra (present day Amozoc) a predominantly Indian village with a population of about 3,000 in 1742. 15% were Spaniards, mestizos and mulattos and the remainder were Indians. </li></ul><ul><li>By Micaela had 5 pieces of land that totalled almost two acres and continued to accumulate land. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Micaela Angela Carrillo <ul><li>She lived by renting maguey plants and extracted the aguamiel (a sweet tasting sap) and made a beverage called Pulque, Pulque was one of the most profitable industries in New Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>Early in her widowhood she had 3 illigitamate daughters and never revealed their paternity. </li></ul><ul><li>Illigitamate children did not have the right to inherit land equally, so Micaela distributed her property with stipulations that her sons would take care of their ½ sisters. </li></ul><ul><li>Her property was evaluated at 342 pesos, but religious objects were her most prized possessions. </li></ul><ul><li>She was an industrious woman who probided for her family. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fransisco Baquero Shoemaker and Organizer <ul><li>Fransisco Baquero was a Mestizo master craftsman. </li></ul><ul><li>He opened a shop in Calle Santo Domingo, but was not able to get access to the upper class clientel. He was forced to accept repair work and produce “ready to wear” shoes that were inexpensive. </li></ul><ul><li>He supported guild regulations. </li></ul><ul><li>Joined one of the City’s segregated milita units that were usually reserved for Indians and became an officer. </li></ul><ul><li>He supported the implemation of the constitution for the guild regulations even thought they had discriminatory provisions. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fransisco Baquero <ul><li>June 1792 the Guild Constitution was published. </li></ul><ul><li>Baquero was close with about 90% of the non-white shoemakers who were excluded form the guild so they appointed him as their legal representative and wanted him to creat a separate guild. </li></ul><ul><li>In January 1795 he addressed his appeal for a separate guild to the king and his council of the Indies. His appeal was sustained in January 1795 and an order was issued allowing the “casta” shoemakers to formulate a Constitution for a segregated guild. </li></ul><ul><li>The long litigation produced a large debt and Baquero had accessed each casta master to pay 16 pesos. Pedro Nolasco Rivas thought that Baquero should be responsible for the entire debt. Baquero became bitter and resentful and blamed Rivas for turning the casta shoemakers against him. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Enrico Martinez Printer and Engineer <ul><li>Enrico Martinez was born in Hamburg around 1557 and later moved to Seville. </li></ul><ul><li>He had a high reputation as a scientist and a public official. </li></ul><ul><li>He faced both external, and internal obstacles. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>External obstacles- had to make a living with out sacraficing his intellectual intrests. He had to deal with the suspisions of the foriegners. He did not have family connections or political skills. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internal obstacles-That he was born in Hamburg and taken to Seville when he was 8. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Enrico Martinez <ul><li>In the 1590’s he offered his services as a translator to the inquisition. Because of this in 1598 he was able to get a press that was confiscated by the inquisition from a printer accused of Lutherinism. </li></ul><ul><li>He published his first book in 1599 </li></ul><ul><li>He was interested in astrology. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Beatriz de Padilla Mistress and Mother <ul><li>She claimed that she was not a Mulatta but a Morisca (a daughter of a white man, and a Mulatta). </li></ul><ul><li>She was born in Lagos, Western New Spain. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1650 there was a great scandal surrounding the mysterious things that were happening to two of her lovers. She was accused of poisoning one and driving the other one crazy with magic. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the men was Diego Ortiz </li></ul>
  13. 13. Beatriz de Padilla <ul><li>She denied that he suffered any changes in behavior while around her. </li></ul><ul><li>People believed that she used love potions to get important men to fall in love with her. Although it was common for men to have mistresses it was not common for them to hae exclusive affection for them in public. </li></ul><ul><li>She was aquited of the charges of harming Ortiz. </li></ul><ul><li>Because she was a woman of “low caste and swarthy skin” she had a lot more freedom to act and dress the way she wanted and did not have the sam e restrictive social regulations as the “respectable white woman”. </li></ul><ul><li>For the most part women like Padilla helped to make life a little less harsh for the European immigrants. </li></ul>
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