New york citypower point 141Presentation Transcript
New York City: The Crossroad of World Trade Patricia Bigler
Episode 2- Order and Disorder
In 1830 people where pouring into Manhattan to find work.
In New York there was an area that was only a business district-there were no homes, it transformed the traditional “city”.
By the time of the Civil War New York was the biggest industrial city.
First slums and suburbs
Police and fire stations
Dewitt Clinton and the Erie Canal (Episode 2)
Largely responsible for the construction of the Erie Canal
1810-1824 member of the Erie Canal commission & was one of the first members.
The Canal was finished in 1825 and was a success! It carried large amounts of people and freight traffic and provided cheap transportation.
The Draft Riot- July 13-16, 1863 Episode 2-Order and Disorder
Rioters where mostly working class men who were resentful . They felt that the wealthy could buy their way out of the draft.
July 13,1863 about 500 people went to the ninth district Provest Marshalls office where the drafts were taking place and started rioting. They threw stones and set the building on fire.
Police tried unsuccessfully to contain the riots but they were outnumbered and overpowered.
Episode 2-Order and Disorder ( continued )
Blacks were blamed because many of the poor looked at them as competition.
The riots continued until order began to be restored on the 16 th of July
The exact death toll is unknown but at least 2000 people were injured, 120 civilians killed, and 11 black men lynched.
Episode 6-City of Tomorrow 1931-1940
New York is a complex city that was constantly building and rebuilding it self.
In the 19 th century there was “…a constellation of magic moments…” the building of city hall, the Brooklyn Bridge, Central Park, incredible office buildings amongst many others.
By the Autumn of 1929 the city could not meet the needs of its own people and the population rose to nearly 7 million
Episode 6- The Great Depression
When the Great Depression hit the effects were most visible in New York.
Economic activity ceased and many areas were affected:
The financial sector
The Garment district
Railroads and publishing
There was a building slump
Suicide increased drastically
With no money coming in, massive evictions took place and people started camping in parks.
By 1831 thousands were evicted and sought shelter along the East River, in Central Park, and along the Hudson; These places were called “hoovervilles”.
Mayor Fiorello LaGuardia-Episode 6
LaGuardia was elected into office on January 1, 1934 during one of the most difficult times in NYC and was determined to make some changes to the city and he did.
He dismantled the corrupt
He hired police and city officials based on expertise and merit.
He was everywhere, he showed up at fires and during police investigations.
He was a person of the people.
He declared war on Gamblers and went so far as to destroy slot machines.
Unified the transit system
Directed building of low cost public housing, parks, and playgrounds.
LaGuardia and Moses- Episode 6
LaGuardia worked with Robert Moses to start public programs and works to rebuild and provide jobs.
Robert Moses- He was a unique figure who helped reshape NYC. He is said to have cared more about automobiles than people.He was known as the “master builder”.
LaGuardia and Moses worked together on The New Deal .
The New Deal
The New Deal was said to have been constructed in New York.
Roosevelt took many import New Yorkers with him to Washington to present The New Deal.
The New Deal provided the funds for;
unemployment, housing and labor reform.
The New Deal changed the way people looked at Government. It showed them that Government is responsible to help when necessary.
“ A Merger That Puts New York on Top” (Mike Clough)
The merger of AOL and Time Warner Cable has brought the question of whether or not NYC will dominate the American global information economy.
AOL will control 55% of Time Warner Cable with New York being the corporate headquarters.
The merger puts AOL in the position to “reverse the erosion of New York Cities once-unquestioned position as cultural and economic center of the world’s most influential nation…”
NYC has the advantage of the location of its ports and the growing capital markets.
The key to NYC’s success has been its leaders ability to look at the future of things and use the advantages that New York has.
New York has the ability to get economic gains from developments that started in other areas.
The merger threatens the Western regions possibly having to relocate to the “Big Apple”.
Although the West coast has its advantages, Hollywood dominates the film industry and the Bay Area dominates the multimedia and digital arts, unless companies like Microsoft and Disney overcome their rivalries and work together to develop a common vision, “… New York will end, once and for all, the debate about which city will emerge as the capital of the next American Century.”