Causes of the Civil War Stewing up trouble and turning up the heat
Our Ingredients Slavery Fugitive Slave Act Dred Scott Election of Abraham Lincoln Bleeding Kansas Missouri Compromise Compromise of 1850 John Brown’s Raid Harpers Ferry Kansas Nebraska Act States Rights Uncle Tom’s Cabin Cultural Differences
vivid characters, dramatic incidences, showed slavery as a cruel and brutal system.
Inspired strong feelings in the North and the South
Northerners felt a stronger urge to abolish slavery
Southerners felt even more threatened .
Uncle Tom’s Cabin Uncle Tom’s cabin, the Broth or base for our stew, helps to flavor the issue of Slavery in both the North and the South. = "So you're the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war.“ Abraham Lincoln
Missouri Compromise 1820 Compromise of 1850 Missouri Compromise preserved the balance between free and slave states , and ended the debate in Congress over slavery in new states and territories – for a while Maine = FREE state Proposed by Henry Clay Missouri = SLAVE state
Missouri Compromise (1820) and Compromise of 1850
Why an issue?
Continued the conflict over slavery and the attempt to maintain a balance between slave and free states.
Balance of Power…
North and South continued to look for ways to change this balance and gain control.
Potatoes take a while to prepare, they must be cleaned and peeled and act as a filler in the stew. These two compromises were issues that filled the county with conflict, but never addressed the problem.
Required citizens to help capture slaves who had run away.
People who helped runaways could be fined or imprisoned.
Many Northern juries often refused to convict people accused of breaking this.
Fugitive Slave Act Carrots grow underground and slaves were often caught and returned even though they often hid underground. Also C aught and C arrots both start with C. Conditions under the Fugitive Slave Act helped create the Underground Railroad.
Senate Race in Illinois in 1858. Senator Stephen Douglas vs. the little known Abraham Lincoln. Douglas was against slavery personally, but believed that popular sovereignty would resolve the issue without interfering with national unity. Lincoln also personally opposed slavery, but thought there was no easy way to eliminate it where it already existed. He thought the solution was to prevent its spread into the territories.
Lincoln challenged Douglas to a series of debates leading up to the election. The seven debates took place between August and October 1858. Slavery was the main topic.
Douglas won the Election but Lincoln gained a national reputation. Southerners were feeling increasingly threatened by antislavery movement in the Republican Party.