2010 texas history review pptPresentation Transcript
Howdy… It’s time to hop on your horse and rope an “A” on your Texas History benchmark.
Battle of Gonzales (October 1835)
Important dates to know…
Mexico, including the region of Texas, became a base of Spanish exploration. 1519
Mission San Antonio de Valero is founded. (a.k.a. The Alamo) 1718
Mexico gains independence from Spain! The Austin’s begin colonization of Texas! 1821
Convention meets and the Texas Declaration of Independence is written by George Childress. Texas becomes a Republic. 1836
Texas is annexed as the 28 th state. 1845
The Civil War begins. Civil War Battles in Texas 1861
Order of Eras
Tips for test taking …
Read the question carefully.
Eliminate those answer choices that you know are wrong.
More tips …
Use the primary and secondary sources (maps, letters, graphs, charts, pictures, graphic organizers) to help you. Don’t ignore these!
More tips …
Use the dates! If the source comes from 1861, you should find an answer that relates to the Civil War.
Take your time! There is no prize for finishing first.
Go back and check all of your answers. You will be surprised how many questions are connected to one another. An answer at the end of the test could help you respond to a question at the beginning of the test.
Looking at Maps When you see a map you should ask yourself the following questions:
What time period/era is this map showing?
Does the title give me helpful information?
Are there dates or specific facts written in either the key or on the map that answer questions?
Title and relative date This is a thematic map because it reflects a particular theme (concept) from Texas History—Natives and their location.
Look Here!!! Compass Rose West Texas is DRY and HOT!
Catholic Mission Building in Texas--1718 Important Missions and People: San Antonio de Valero San Francisco de los Tejas Corpus Christi de la Ysleta Father Francisco Hidalgo The Spanish wanted to settle Texas in order to spread religion .
Battle of Gonzales—Start of the Texas Revolution; “Come and Take It”; Oct 1835
Convention of 1836—Declaration of Independence written by George Childress; David Burnet becomes ad interim president; Sam Houston named as commander in chief of the army
Siege of the Alamo—Texans were defeated by Santa Anna; William Travis declares, “Victory or Death”
Battle of Coleto Creek—James Fannin was defeated by Urrea; Fannin’s troops were marched back to Goliad where they were executed
Battle of San Jacinto—Sam Houston attacks the Mexican troops led by Santa Anna and defeats the Mexicans; Santa Anna signs the Treaties of Velasco giving Texas its independence
Texas as a Republic Presidents of Texas: Sam Houston Approved Constitution of 1836 Issues with Natives Not officially recognized by U.S. Debt Mirabeau Lamar “ Father of Education” Established a Texas Navy Moved the Capitol to Austin Santa Fe Expedition
Sam Houston Debt continues to increase Archives War Mier Expedition Drawing of the Black Beans Anson Jones Joint Resolution for annexation Could divide Texas into 5 states 1845 Texas Annexed as 28 th state
Reasons for War
Dispute over the annexation of Texas
Boundary dispute between U.S. and Mexico
Mexico refused to negotiate with U.S.
Santa Anna flees
Mexico cedes almost 50% of its land to the U.S. in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848)
Started in 1861
Sam Houston is removed from office as Governor because he does not agree with secession from the Union.
Causes of the War: Slavery, State’s Rights, Tariffs, election of Lincoln as President
Battles in Texas: Galveston, Sabine Pass, Palmito Ranch
Robert E. Lee surrenders to the Union on April 9, 1865.
* A period of rebuilding following the Civil War.*