•
•
•
•
•
•
•

watched
reached
crunched
wretched
launched
searched
matched
lashed
mashed
brushed
crashed
finished

blushed
wished
washed
rushed
pushed
laughed
coughed
stuffed
sniffed
surfed

slipped
stopped
shopped
typed
hoped
missed
kissed
pressed
crossed
tensed

cooked
looked
shocked

knocked
rocked
checked
robbed
described
combed

dragged
begged
banged
belonged
jogged
waved
saved
arrived
solved
moved
lived

used
advised
closed
realized
abused
bruised
judged
changed
damaged
encouraged

slammed
performed
welcomed
named
screamed
informed
learned
cleaned
earned
explained
happened
imagined

called
filled
jailed
killed
pulled
traveled
sailed
appeared
covered
entered
explored
roared
ordered
offered

played
stayed
enjoyed
tried
carried
cried
dried
showed
sawed
allowed
followed
interviewed
snowed
chewed
needed
decided
founded
handed
loaded

wanted
planted
repeated
started
visited
existed
arrested
English vowels
(monophthongs)
• / siː /

tree
please

/ triː /
/ pliːz /

• /ɪ/

sit
it
fifteen

/ sɪt /
/ ɪt /
/ fɪf ˈtiː...
• / uː /

too
blue
food

/ tuː /
/ bluː /
/ fuːd /

• /e/

ten
bed
egg

/ ten /
/ bed /
/ eg /

• /ə /

doctor
paper
above...
• / ɜː /

bird
girl
early

/ bɜːd /
/ gɜːl /
/ ˈɜːli /

• / ɔː /

tall
four
more

/ tɔːl /
/ fɔː /
/ mɔː /

• /æ/

cat
fat...
• /ʌ/

cup
but
run

• / ɑː /

car
far
bar

• / ɒ /

hot
not
lorry

/ cʌp /
/ bʌt /
/ rʌn /

/ kɑː /
/ fɑː /
/ bɑː /
/ hɒt ...
English diphthongs:
• / ɪə /
• / ʊə /

• / eə /

near
beer
hear
tour
poor
sure
air
hair
bear

/ nɪə /
/ bɪə /
/ hɪə /
/ tʊ...
• / eɪ /

may
say
today

/ meɪ /
/ seɪ /
/ təˈdeɪ /

• / ɔɪ /

boy
toy
oil

/ bɔɪ /
/ tɔɪ /
/ ɔɪl /

• / aɪ /

ɪ
sky
five
...
• / əʊ /

old
cold
gold

/ əʊld /
/ kəʊld /
/ gəʊld /

• / aʊ /

how
now
hour

/ haʊ /
/ naʊ /
/ ˈaʊə /
Pronunciation
Pronunciation
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Pronunciation

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Pronunciation

  1. 1. • • • • • • • watched reached crunched wretched launched searched matched
  2. 2. lashed mashed brushed crashed finished blushed wished washed rushed pushed
  3. 3. laughed coughed stuffed sniffed surfed slipped stopped shopped typed hoped
  4. 4. missed kissed pressed crossed tensed cooked looked shocked knocked rocked checked
  5. 5. robbed described combed dragged begged banged belonged jogged
  6. 6. waved saved arrived solved moved lived used advised closed realized abused bruised
  7. 7. judged changed damaged encouraged slammed performed welcomed named screamed informed
  8. 8. learned cleaned earned explained happened imagined called filled jailed killed pulled traveled sailed
  9. 9. appeared covered entered explored roared ordered offered played stayed enjoyed tried carried cried dried
  10. 10. showed sawed allowed followed interviewed snowed chewed
  11. 11. needed decided founded handed loaded wanted planted repeated started visited existed arrested
  12. 12. English vowels (monophthongs) • / siː / tree please / triː / / pliːz / • /ɪ/ sit it fifteen / sɪt / / ɪt / / fɪf ˈtiːn / • /ʊ/ put bull book / pʊt / / bʊl / / bʊk /
  13. 13. • / uː / too blue food / tuː / / bluː / / fuːd / • /e/ ten bed egg / ten / / bed / / eg / • /ə / doctor paper above / ˈdɒktə | / ˈpeɪpə / / əˈbʌv /
  14. 14. • / ɜː / bird girl early / bɜːd / / gɜːl / / ˈɜːli / • / ɔː / tall four more / tɔːl / / fɔː / / mɔː / • /æ/ cat fat bad / kæt / / fæt / / bæd /
  15. 15. • /ʌ/ cup but run • / ɑː / car far bar • / ɒ / hot not lorry / cʌp / / bʌt / / rʌn / / kɑː / / fɑː / / bɑː / / hɒt / / nɒt / / ˈlɒri /
  16. 16. English diphthongs: • / ɪə / • / ʊə / • / eə / near beer hear tour poor sure air hair bear / nɪə / / bɪə / / hɪə / / tʊə / / pʊə / / ʃʊə / / eə / / heə / / beə /
  17. 17. • / eɪ / may say today / meɪ / / seɪ / / təˈdeɪ / • / ɔɪ / boy toy oil / bɔɪ / / tɔɪ / / ɔɪl / • / aɪ / ɪ sky five / aɪ / / skaɪ / / faɪv /
  18. 18. • / əʊ / old cold gold / əʊld / / kəʊld / / gəʊld / • / aʊ / how now hour / haʊ / / naʊ / / ˈaʊə /
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