The National Bird of India• The national bird of India is a peacock. It is the national bird of India because of their long majestic tails, the female peacock does not have as majestic a tail as a male peacock. The male peacock has many feathers that look like eyes to prevent getting damaged or killed.
The National Animal of India• The national animal of India is a tiger. The tiger is the national animal of India because of their majestic ways. Tigers aren’t always black & orange they are normally white & black in very, very cold places, normally they are very hard to see.
Snow Leopard• The Snow Leopard is white or smokey -gray with yellow and black patterns on the fur. The Snow Leopards large paws and long hind limbs give them agility in the snow and mountains, and a well- developed chest help adapt to mountain air.
The Elephant• Elephants are intelligent herbivore animals that live in family groups. The Indian (or Asian) elephant is smaller than the African, but it is still huge. Only some of the males have tusks. Their trunks are used to get water and food, as well as for breathing. One of the major threats to the Indian elephant is a destruction of its habitat by humans.
The Lion• The Asiatic lion, in India, is now found in only one pocket located in the Gir National Park of the state of Gujarat. Their main pr ey species consist of Nilgai, Chital, Sambh ar, Goats, Buffaloes and occasionally also other smaller animals. The lions of Gir hav e made it a habit of killing livestock and so metimes even camels.
The Sambar Deer• The Sambar Deer is the most widely spread deer species in the world, covering many countries in the Asian continent. It is also one of the larger members of the deer family. Their population is large and spread to almost every corner of India. They do not appear on the endangered list . The specimens found in central India appear to be larger than those found in other regions.
The Blue Bulls• Blue bulls, despite their constant conflict with villagers across almost every part of India, are still present in large numbers. Even though they might be quite commonly seen, a good size male presents quite an awesome picture.
The Indian Gazelle• This is the smallest asiatic antelope. Most males have very short horns, although some grow to a length of 25 - 30cms. These gazelles are found mostly in open woodlands and scrublands. Their numbers have dwindled to a large extent and they feature on the endangered list.
Recent extinctions• Illustration of a Himalayan Quail from A. O. Humes work. Last seen in 1876• The exploitation of land and forest resources by humans along with hunting and trapping for food and sport has led to the extinction of many species in India in recent times. These species include mammals such as the Indian / Asiatic Cheetah, Javan Rhinoceros and Sumatran Rhinoceros. While some of these large mammal species are confirmed extinct, there have been many smaller animal and plant species whose status is harder to determine.
Biosphere reserves.Achanakmar-Amarkantak• Agasthyamalai• Dibru Saikhowa• Dihang Dibang• Great Nicobar• Gulf of Mannar• Kachchh• Kangchenjunga• Manas• Nanda Devi• The Nilgiris• Nokrek• Pachmarhi• Simlipal• Sundarbans
Flora Of India• The Flora of India is one of the richest of the world due to a wide range of climate, topography and environments in the country.With about 47000 species of plant species, it occupies tenth place in the world and fourth in Asia. It is thought there are over 15000 species of flowers in India,which account for 6 percent of the total plant species in the world. and probably many more species. Whilst the list comprises indigenous types, others have been introduced to India and may be included.
Fauna• India is home to several well known large mammals including the Asian Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Lion, Leopard, Sloth Bear and Indian Rhinoceros, often engrained culturally and religiously often being associated with deities. Other well known large Indian mammals include ungulates such as the rare Wild Asian Water buffalo, common Domestic Asian Water buffalo, Nilgai, Gaur and several species of deer and antelope.