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Constitution of India
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Constitution of India

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  • 1.  After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British Parliament took over the reign of India from the British East India Company, and British India came under the direct rule of the Crown. The British Parliament passed the Government of India Act of 1858 to this effect, setting up the structure of government in India. It established in England the office of the Secretary of State for India through whom Parliament would exercise its rule, along with a Council of India to aid him.
  • 2. The provisions of the Government of India Act of 1935, though never implemented fully, had a great impact on the constitution of India. Many key features of the constitution are directly taken from this Act. The federal structure of government, provincial autonomy, bicameral legislature consisting of a federal assembly and a Council of States, separation of legislative powers between the center and provinces are some of the provisions.
  • 3.  The Constitution was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected by the elected members of the provincial assemblies. [9] Jawaharlal Nehru, C. Rajagopalachari, Rajendra Prasad, The Constitution was drafted by the Constituent Assembly, which was elected by the elected members of the provincial assemblies.[9] Jawaharlal Nehru, C. Rajagopalachari, Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel,Dr Ambedkar, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee and Nalini Ranjan Ghosh were some important figures in the Assembly. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel,Dr Ambedkar, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Shyama Prasad Mukherjee and Nalini Ranjan Ghosh were some important figures in the Assembly.
  • 4.  The constitution provides for distribution of powers between the Union The constitution provides for distribution of powers between the Union and the States. and the States. It enumerates the powers of the Parliament and State Legislatures in It enumerates the powers of the Parliament and State Legislatures in three lists, namely Union list, State list and Concurrent list. The upper three lists, namely Union list, State list and Concurrent list. The upper
  • 5. • The President of India is elected by the Parliament and State Legislative Assemblies, and not directly by the people. The President is the Head of the State, and all the business of the Executive and Laws enacted by the Parliament are in his/her name. However, these powers are only nominal, and the President must act only according to the advice of the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.
  • 6.  Judicial review is adopted in the Indian constitution from the constitution of the United States of America. In the Indian constitution, Judicial Review is dealt with under Article 13. Judicial Review refers Judicial review is adopted in the Indian constitution from the constitution of the United States of America. In the Indian constitution, Judicial Review is dealt with under Article 13. Judicial Review refers that the Constitution is the supreme power of the nation and all laws are under its supremacy. Article 13 states that that the Constitution is the supreme power of the nation and all laws are under its supremacy. Article 13 states that 1. All pre-constitutional laws, after the coming into force of constitution, if in conflict with it in all or some of its provisions then the provisions of constitution will prevail and the provisions of that pre- 1. All pre-constitutional laws, after the coming into force of constitution, if in conflict with it in all or some of its provisions then the provisions of constitution will prevail and the provisions of that pre- constitutional law will not be in force until an amendment of the constitution relating to the same matter. constitutional law will not be in force until an amendment of the constitution relating to the same matter.
  • 7.  Bye Bye