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“Humankind has not woven the web of life.We are but one thread within it. Whatever wedo to the web, we do to ourselves. Al...
Lisa Riegel: Director, NC Natural Heritage Trust                                           Fund   Cy Stober: Water Resourc...
Top Five Strengths   Community Colleges and Universities   Farming and Viticulture   Access to Health Care   Scenic an...
   The region’s natural resources, one of its    strengths, are frequently threatened.    • The development patterns of t...
•   The built environment shapes    how we live, work, and play•   Transportation and other    “Grey” infrastructure are k...
Green infrastructure refers to an interconnected green space network (includingnatural areas and features, public and priv...
Diverse and healthy ecosystems providemany important services for humans:  • clean the air  • produce oxygen  • store carb...
Provides food and supports crop pollination;provides timber and other raw materials. Provides habitats and habitat corrido...
Hanging Rock State Park                       Recreational OpportunitiesMuddy Creek GreenwayWinston-Salem
Open Space and Conservation Lands
The Transformation - $65 million         Stream Restoration• Removed 1,100 ft. of cap• Purchased 15 acres of floodplain  a...
   $4 for every $1 invested for                               ecosystem services*                              Increased...
No Responses: Not at all aware:                          5%             13%                                               ...
84% Enjoy the outdoors58% Participant in outdoor sports55% Hiker, outdoorsperson49% Conservationist42% Wildlife enthusiast...
23% live outside amunicipality                77% live                inside a               municipality                 ...
35% of rural survey                          Do not                           participants use their own                  ...
Green Infrastructure Assets, Features and Uses                    Total   Rural    UrbanFloodplains                       ...
Concepts in the Management of Green Infrastructure                                Total   Rural    UrbanProtection of drin...
32%   Government employee17%   Educator16%   Retired15%   Environmental Professional15%   Business owner11%   Engineering/...
Land-Of-Sky COGLinking Lands Model
   Uses GIS assessments which identify, evaluate and prioritize    important natural resources required to maintain healt...
   Uses GIS assessments which identify, evaluate and prioritize    important natural resources required to maintain healt...
   Uses GIS assessments which identify, evaluate and prioritize    important natural resources required to maintain healt...
   Uses GIS assessments which identify, evaluate and prioritize important    natural resources required to maintain healt...
 PTRC Watershed Prioritization Assessment
 NHP      CPT Farmland Assessmenthttp://www.climatechange.nc.gov/pages/ConservationPlanningTool.html
 NHP CPT Biodiversity/Wildlife Habitat  Assessmenthttp://www.climatechange.nc.gov/pages/ConservationPlanningTool.html
   Uses GIS assessments which identify, evaluate and prioritize important    natural resources required to maintain healt...
 The   more input, the better
 The more input, the better Survey results will be     input into the Linking      Lands model
 The more input, the better Survey results will be     input into the Linking      Lands model Other WG input?
 Howdo GI needs integrate with your needs?
 How do GI needs integrate with your  needs? How can a GI Network be valuable?
 How do GI needs integrate with your  needs? How can a GI Network be valuable? How do we accomplish our goals?
 How do GI needs integrate with your  needs? How can a GI Network be valuable? How do we accomplish our goals? How do ...
Lisa Riegel: Director, NC Natural Heritage Trust Fund                     Lisa.riegel@ncdenr.gov        Cy Stober: Water R...
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
Green Infrastructure Webinar
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Green Infrastructure Webinar

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  • 12 Counties 68 municipalities, 1.6 million peopleGeographically and economically connected region Commuting patterns are centered on the two core counties PiedmontTriad is identified as one of the 7 economic development regions in NC.Piedmont Together is a community based regional planning project which is addressing the future success of all communities while focusing on the interconnectedness of our economic, geographic and historic infrastructure.The project is funded by a $1.6 million grant thorough the Department of Housing and Urban DevelopmentThe lead agency of Piedmont Together is the Piedmont Authority for Regional Transportation in close partnership with The Piedmont Triad Regional Council.
  • At the beginning of the project we createdseveral public stakeholder work groups.One of these groups focuses on Green Infrastructure. Over the course of the project the Green Infrastructure work group has had many participants representing several agencies, municipalities and nonprofits.
  • During the first several months, the work groups gathered regional data and prepared educational materials to be presented at public forums.About 8 months into the project we held public forums in all 12 counties.From public discussion at the forums we took back lists of top strengths and challenges. After reviewing these lists, commonalities were very apparent and these strengths and challenges were identified as the top 5 of each within the Piedmont Triad. Note the ones highlighted in yellow Farming and Viticulture and Scenic and Recreational Resources in the strengths category and Healthy Community Design in the challenges category We could argue that all these strengths and challenges can have some connection with Green Infrastructure, but the highlighted ones have the most direct links.
  • Focusing on the Strengths and Challenges identified by the public at the forums, and using the data and resources gathered by the work groups; the Piedmont Together project team came up with several “reasons to care”.These two are the ones which touch largely on Green Infrastructure issues in our region.An example of a threat to our Natural Resources:We have 1,602 miles of Good Waters in the Triad region and 33,258 acres (lakes) and 596 miles (streams) of Impaired WatersLoss for working lands:From 2002 to 2007, the Triad lost 215 sq. miles of farmland to development—this is comparable to losing the entirety of Davie County over five years
  • There are many variations of the definition, but basically this is the one we settled on. Urban vs Rural. Allison (Schwarz) Weakley 2/6/2013Perhaps just have the GI hub/corridor image on this slide only - otherwise too busy. Also check that the GI definition is from the GI poster we created. Introduce the concept of urban and rural GI - the former is more focused on construction/restoration/enhancement, the latter on maintaining what we already have in place. Tie them together with a landscape approach - focus on the interconnected network of important natural resources.Bioswales are landscape elements designed to remove silt and pollution from surface runoff water. They consist of aswaled drainage course with gently sloped sides (less than six percent) and filled with vegetation, compost and/orriprap.[1]:19 The water's flow path, along with the wide and shallow ditch, is designed to maximize the time water spends in the swale, which aids the trapping of pollutants and silt. Depending upon the geometry of land available, a bioswale may have a meandering or almost straight channel alignment. Biological factors also contribute to the breakdown of certain pollutants.[2]A common application is around parking lots, where substantial automotive pollution is collected by the paving and then flushed by rain. The bioswale, or other type of biofilter, wraps around the parking lot and treats the runoff before releasing it to the watershed or storm sewer.
  • Healthy wetland. We have 1,602 miles of Good Waters in the Triad region and 33,258 acres (lakes) and 596 miles (streams) of Impaired Waters
  • Uwharrie forest, Guildford County FarmFrom 2002 to 2007, the Triad lost 215 sq. miles of farmland to development—this is comparable to losing the entirety of Davie County over five years
  • Tourism is 3rd major sector in our economy behind agribusiness ($68 billion) and the military ($23 billion)
  • Our regulatory programs also promote green infrastructure by regulating stormwater runoff. Some techniques to better deal with stormwater include riparian buffer – a vegetated strip along streams – the vegetation slows the movement to the stream, allowing it to infiltrate through the soils, getting filtered before discharging to the stream, Permeable pavers and rain gardens serve a similar purpose
  • The built environment shapes how we live, work and playTransportation is the most significant land use and economic development decision we makeBut Green Infrastructure important tooThe study and others clearly show a relationship between the natural environment, green space, trees, and human health. An interesting point is that blood pressure levels are reduced more if you walk in an area lined with trees that on an urban concrete street with no trees.$81 million/year in saved health care costs
  • What is public perception of our green infrastructure? How do we present the data we already have so people can understand it? This is a map of some of the Green Infrastructure in the Piedmont Triad.It is hard to make sense of this map—there are so many elements to Green Infrastructure and not all are represented on this map. Some elements presented on this map are not shown to their full extent. The Piedmont Together project wants to make sense of these elements in a comprehensive and organized way. To be able to share a prioritized system of Green Infrastructure assets with government planning and development staff region wide.
  • So the Green Infrastructure work group created an on-line survey to gather information from the public.We wanted to find out what the public new about Green Infrastructure and how they felt about these assets.
  • We started by giving participants the definition to green infrastructure we are using in our project.Then asked whether folks were aware of, and to what degree, green infrastructure before they read the definition.A majority of participants were familiar with the term.However a sizable minority, 32%, did not know much or anything about Green Infrastructure as a concept.
  • We wanted to get an idea of how the survey respondents connected to open space and natural and rural places.We found that most responded that they enjoyed the outdoorsWe knew that we did not catch all the interests/categories in our list, so we added an other box. There were several new categories identified, however, no newly identified category had more than one or two respondents this does not discount the value of these connections to green infrastructure and others may have identified with the new categories if they had seen them in the list.
  • We wanted to know about respondents’ proximity to green infrastructureOne question was to find out where respondents lived: inside or outside a municipality. owned land and if so, how much.Most respondents live in a city, town or villageA large minority own less than 1 acre of landAnd a moderately large minority owns from 1 to 10 acres of land.
  • Another question we asked in order to find out respondents’ proximity to green infrastructure was to ask how close to home they generally take part in outdoor recreational activities. we did not define what outdoor recreational activities are—this we felt was up to the respondent to define for themselvesWe found that a small majority are able to take advantage of outdoor recreation within a relatively short 5 miles or less.When we take the responses to this question filter them by whether a person lives within a municipality or not (urban or rural), we found that a sizable minority of urban dwellers who responded to the survey (48% of them) generally travel more than 5 miles from their homes to take part in recreational activities. Only 5% of urban dwellers generally find outdoor recreation on their own property adjacent to their homes. This is 35% for rural survey participants.
  • Urban and Rural columns are only for those who gave home zip codes. The total column includes everyone who answered the rating questions.The meat of the survey is in this slide and the next.We want to know more about the values of Piedmont Triad residents when it comes to green infrastructure. What are the green infrastructure features they feel are important.We asked participants to rank each of a list of green infrastructure assets, features and uses separately on a 5 point scale from not important to very important.In the chart you see here, the figures indicate the percentages of respondents who considered the corresponding asset, feature or use as either important or very important.The chart shows that only one use of our natural resources received a small majority (mining). All of the other assets, features and uses in the list received a fair majority.It is interesting then to look at the percentages relative to one another and to compare any differences between rural and urban respondents.Assets connected to water supply and quality (floodplains and riparian zones, clean water for recreation) had percentages in the 90sYet when we ask about stormwater management or control measures (which are very important to water quality), we dip into the 80s. Biodiversity, rare species and invasive species get lower relative scores.The differences between how rural and urban folks responded to this ranking exercise are highlighted in red when there is a 5 or more % difference. The highest differences are seen in the value of public open space, prime farmland soils, lands managed for conservation and biodiversity and street trees. Prime farmland soils were valued more by rural respondents. The other three were more valued by urban respondents.
  • Urban and Rural columns are only for those who gave home zip codes. The total column includes everyone who answered the rating questions.This ranking exercise was similar to the first one, however, here we were asking what concepts connected to green infrastructure management would respondents be most supportive.This chart gives the percetages of respondents who indicated that they support or strongly support the corresponding concept.Here we see that there are minorities of respondents who support (all below 30% of respondents) encouraging development and extending urban services and utilities into rural areas the extraction of materials by mining, dredging and quarrying the extraction of fossil fuels in North Carolina
  • Transcript of "Green Infrastructure Webinar"

    1. 1. “Humankind has not woven the web of life.We are but one thread within it. Whatever wedo to the web, we do to ourselves. All thingsare bound together. All things connect.”Chief Seattle
    2. 2. Lisa Riegel: Director, NC Natural Heritage Trust Fund Cy Stober: Water Resource Manager, PTRCKyle Laird: Mobility and Systems Planner, PART
    3. 3. Top Five Strengths Community Colleges and Universities Farming and Viticulture Access to Health Care Scenic and Recreational Resources Small Town CharmTop Five Challenges A lack of Transportation Choices Participating in the “New” Economy Abandoned Mills and Employment Centers including strip shopping centers Capitalizing on and Supporting Existing Business Assets Healthy Community Design
    4. 4.  The region’s natural resources, one of its strengths, are frequently threatened. • The development patterns of the last few decades have led to a loss of wildlife habitat, threats to biodiversity, degraded water quality, and increased air pollutants. The economic importance of scenic and recreational resources is often lost in the desire for more development. The Triad is losing working lands (farms and forestry lands) at an alarming rate; and local processing and distribution infrastructure is lacking. • Forty plus square miles (25,600 acres) of farmland are lost per year in the region. Some parts of this developed land are rich with the region’s prime, productive farmland soils. Agriculture is one of the top economic generators in our region
    5. 5. • The built environment shapes how we live, work, and play• Transportation and other “Grey” infrastructure are key• But Green Infrastructure is important too!
    6. 6. Green infrastructure refers to an interconnected green space network (includingnatural areas and features, public and private conservation lands, working landswith conservation values, and other protected open spaces)populations. That is planned and managed for its natural resource values and for the associated benefits it confers to humans. Riparian Buffers
    7. 7. Diverse and healthy ecosystems providemany important services for humans: • clean the air • produce oxygen • store carbon • mitigate flooding and other hazards • protect, filter and recharge water • decompose and detoxify waste • generate soils • provide habitats
    8. 8. Provides food and supports crop pollination;provides timber and other raw materials. Provides habitats and habitat corridors for plants, animals and other species.
    9. 9. Hanging Rock State Park Recreational OpportunitiesMuddy Creek GreenwayWinston-Salem
    10. 10. Open Space and Conservation Lands
    11. 11. The Transformation - $65 million Stream Restoration• Removed 1,100 ft. of cap• Purchased 15 acres of floodplain and removed structures• Riparian plantings on banks for stabilization and shading• Created a Linear Park with alternative transportation• Restored the creed and improved water quality• Significant economic development; revitalization of the area ($300 million+)
    12. 12.  $4 for every $1 invested for ecosystem services*  Increased property values, tourism, health benefits  The Triad’s agribusiness industry generated gross revenues of $768 million in 2011  Timber production in our region produced $124 million in revenues in 2010.  Hunting, fishing, and wildlife watching brought in $52 million in Triad revenue and NC fees/taxes in 2006*A study of the ROI from the LWCF by TPL
    13. 13. No Responses: Not at all aware: 5% 13% Had heard the term, but did not Very familiar know much about it: 19% 63%Familiar Somewhat familiar
    14. 14. 84% Enjoy the outdoors58% Participant in outdoor sports55% Hiker, outdoorsperson49% Conservationist42% Wildlife enthusiast/watcher18% Fisherman and/or hunter7% Other (health advocate,Land steward, animal lover,Pedestrian advocate, gardener…)
    15. 15. 23% live outside amunicipality 77% live inside a municipality 10% Do not own land 17% Own more than 10 acres 47% Own less than 1 acre 27% Own 1 to 10 acres
    16. 16. 35% of rural survey Do not participants use their own participate in On their own outdoor property property for outdoorMore than 10 recreation adjacent to recreation—only 5% of urban miles their home survey participants do so. 48% of urban survey participants usually take part in outdoor recreation 5 or more miles from their homes. Respondents who indicated they do not participate in Between 5 5 miles or less and 10 miles outdoor recreation, live within a city or town.
    17. 17. Green Infrastructure Assets, Features and Uses Total Rural UrbanFloodplains 93% 91% 93%Water supply watersheds 93% 94% 93%Stream buffers 92% 91% 92%Farms and farm products 90% 91% 85%Public open space 90% 82% 91%Clean water for swimming, fishing, boating 90% 85% 88%Places with prime farmland soils 89% 94% 85%Stormwater management 88% 88% 88%Groundwater recharge areas 88% 85% 88%Wildlife habitat 86% 85% 87%Constructed stormwater control measures 86% 85% 84%Lands managed for conservation and biodiversity purposes 85% 76% 86%Outdoor recreation 84% 85% 85%Street and neighborhood trees 84% 74% 86%Biodiversity 83% 82% 83%Forests/woodlands and forest products 83% 79% 83%Rare species 77% 71% 76%Invasive species 75% 74% 76%Outdoor educational opportunities 71% 71% 69%Mining natural resources such as fossil fuels, minerals and ores 55% 47% 53%
    18. 18. Concepts in the Management of Green Infrastructure Total Rural UrbanProtection of drinking water supplies 99% 97% 98%Parks, public trails and greenways 96% 91% 95%Conservation of significant natural features 94% 94% 92%Using trees & other methods to lessen heat extremes & reduce energy expense 93% 85% 95%Conservation of agricultural working lands 92% 97% 92%Protection of important stream/river headwaters 91% 88% 88%A regional green infrastructure network of agricultural & natural lands & waters 90% 85% 90%Reduction of surface stormwater runoff entering streams directly 90% 82% 88%More ag.- & small- business friendly environment to support working lands 87% 88% 88%Protection of connected natural landscapes & conservation of wildlife corridors 87% 82% 86%Assisting landowners in natural resources management 86% 79% 83%Encouraging new development where infrastructure & utilities currently exist 86% 88% 85%Conservation of species diversity 80% 74% 79%Having outdoor recreation opportunities within walking distance of your home 79% 50% 85%Guidelines for non-ag development in areas of prime soils & land in agriculture 76% 74% 73%Restricting non-ag development in areas of prime soils & land in agriculture 74% 74% 72%Encouraging development & extending urban services & utilities into rural areas 28% 26% 26%The extraction of materials by mining, dredging and quarrying 27% 32% 23%The extraction of fossil fuels in North Carolina 25% 29% 19%
    19. 19. 32% Government employee17% Educator16% Retired15% Environmental Professional15% Business owner11% Engineering/Design Professional9% Land-use planner8% Farmer7% Health care professional3% Forester1% Elected official1% Real Estate/Dev. Professional16% Other (nonprofit, volunteer, student, horticulturalist, housewife, writer…)
    20. 20. Land-Of-Sky COGLinking Lands Model
    21. 21.  Uses GIS assessments which identify, evaluate and prioritize important natural resources required to maintain healthy and sustainable ecosystems
    22. 22.  Uses GIS assessments which identify, evaluate and prioritize important natural resources required to maintain healthy and sustainable ecosystems Guidance and templates • NCDENR:  Conservation Planning Tool  Green Growth Tool Box
    23. 23.  Uses GIS assessments which identify, evaluate and prioritize important natural resources required to maintain healthy and sustainable ecosystems Guidance and templates • NCDENR:  Conservation Planning Tool  Green Growth Tool Box • Land of Sky Regional Council:  Linking Lands Project Three primary assessments: • Water Resource Services • Agricultural • Biodiversity/Wildlife Habitat
    24. 24.  Uses GIS assessments which identify, evaluate and prioritize important natural resources required to maintain healthy and sustainable ecosystems Guidance and templates • NCDENR:  Conservation Planning Tool  Green Growth Tool Box • Land of Sky Regional Council:  Linking Lands Project Three primary assessments: • Water Resource Services • Agricultural • Biodiversity/Wildlife Habitat • Threats to Green Infrastructure
    25. 25.  PTRC Watershed Prioritization Assessment
    26. 26.  NHP CPT Farmland Assessmenthttp://www.climatechange.nc.gov/pages/ConservationPlanningTool.html
    27. 27.  NHP CPT Biodiversity/Wildlife Habitat Assessmenthttp://www.climatechange.nc.gov/pages/ConservationPlanningTool.html
    28. 28.  Uses GIS assessments which identify, evaluate and prioritize important natural resources required to maintain healthy and sustainable ecosystems Guidance and templates • NCDENR:  Conservation Planning Tool  Green Growth Tool Box • Land of Sky Regional Council:  Linking Lands Project Three primary assessments: • Water Resource Services • Agricultural • Biodiversity/Wildlife Habitat • Threats to Green Infrastructure
    29. 29.  The more input, the better
    30. 30.  The more input, the better Survey results will be input into the Linking Lands model
    31. 31.  The more input, the better Survey results will be input into the Linking Lands model Other WG input?
    32. 32.  Howdo GI needs integrate with your needs?
    33. 33.  How do GI needs integrate with your needs? How can a GI Network be valuable?
    34. 34.  How do GI needs integrate with your needs? How can a GI Network be valuable? How do we accomplish our goals?
    35. 35.  How do GI needs integrate with your needs? How can a GI Network be valuable? How do we accomplish our goals? How do we serve everyone in the Triad?
    36. 36. Lisa Riegel: Director, NC Natural Heritage Trust Fund Lisa.riegel@ncdenr.gov Cy Stober: Water Resource Manager, PTRC cstober@ptrc.org Kyle Laird: Mobility and Systems Planner, PART kylel@partnc.org www.triadsustainability.org www.piedmontvoice.org
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