Climate Change Adaptation Techniques for the Piedmont. S. Shuford
Scott Shuford, AICP1
PAS Report – Collaborativeeffort Help planners incorporateenergy and climate changeconsiderations into their work2
Local Warming. It’stoo late to stopclimate change.What we can do isplan for it.3
CLIMATE ADAPTATION HAZARD MITIGATION Adjustment in natural orhuman systems inresponse to actual orexpected climatic stimulior their effects, whichmoderates harm orexploits beneficialopportunities. (IPCC;TAR) Hazard Mitigation issustained action takento reduce or eliminatelong-term risk to peopleand their property fromhazards and theireffects. (FEMA)4
9Community Wildfire Protection Plan✔ Step One: Convene Decisionmakers✔ Step Two: Involve Federal Agencies (USFS and BLM)✔ Step Three: Engage Interested Parties✔ Step Four: Establish a Community Base Map✔ Step Five: Develop a Community Risk Assessment✔ Step Six: Establish Community Priorities andRecommendations✔ Step Seven: Develop an Action Plan and AssessmentStrategy✔ Step Eight: Finalize Community Wildfire ProtectionPlan
20Heat Effects – Defense IndustryHeat Effects• Training• Equipment• Air Operations andInfrastructure• Energy Use• Ecosystem Management
Address population vulnerabilities at state,regional and local levelsConduct health impact assessmentsAddress population equity issues21
22PopulationHeatWavesStorms FloodsAirPollutionDiseases (Food& Water Borne)Diseases(Vector Borne)Persons over 65 (the elderly) Persons 14 & under Persons with disabilities or chronicillnesses Linguistically isolated persons (non-English speaking or English as asecond language - ESL) Socially isolated persons, includingthe homeless Single adults with children Transportation-challenged (no car ortransit) persons Persons residing in high crime areas Persons residing in mobile homes Persons with below median incomes Persons residing in substandardhousing Persons residing in multifamilystructures
23Low-Regrets Policy – Green InfrastructurePlanning Activity Possible Responses CommentsDelivery of social servicesEHE awareness programs.Coordination of EHE shelter operations.Medical assessment and treatment programs.Vulnerable population database.Distribution of light-colored clothing.Employer outreach.Reaching vulnerable populations withinformation and services is critical priorto and during EHEs. Employers need tounderstand the health consequencesof strenuous outdoor work duringEHEs.Design of buildingsand sitesDesign for natural ventilation.Install awnings and overhangs.Shade-providing landscaping.Backup electrical systems/generators.Use of heat-dissipating materials & colors.Retention of mature landscaping for shade.Energy-efficient design.Natural ventilation, especially inmultifamily buildings helps counterEHE effects. Energy-efficient designmakes it more likely for lower incomepersons to use their A/Cs. Naturallandscaping lessens the urban heatisland effect.Neighborhood andcomprehensive planningNeighborhood-based shelters.Vulnerable population database helps direct capitalimprovement programs.Advance planning for EHEs inneighborhood and community designis helpful.Recreational programs andamenitiesProvision of shade in parks and playgrounds.Timing/programming of outdoor recreation programsduring EHEs.Timing and programming (e.g., keepingpools open) offer reduced exposure toand relief from heat.Public safety planningEarly warning alerts.EHE shelter management operations.Coordination with electric utilities during EHEs.EHE awareness programs.Vulnerable population database.Increased law enforcement in high-crime areas duringEHEs.Early warning alerts from public safetyofficials get more attention.Coordination with utilities is critical.Knowing the location of vulnerablepopulations enhances response.People in high crime areas may notopen windows during EHEs.Utility system management,especially electricity andwater supplyNo scheduled maintenance or shutdowns duringEHEs.Coordination with public safety officials during EHEs.Continuity of utility operations iscritical to counter the effects of EHEs.
36Nuclear energy - North Carolina’s threesystems generate nearly 32 percent of thestate’s electricity.
Potable Water Supply – Conservation, Storage,New Sources, Inter-Community Linking,Emergency Supplies, Diversion from Non-Potable Uses, RetrofitsEnergy (Blackouts and Brownouts) –Understanding Vulnerability, ImprovedNational Electric Grid, Less Vulnerable Sources,Improved Efficiency, Conservation37
Reviewed some climate adaptation techniquesfor addressing wildfire, heat wave, floodingand drought impactsAddress these impacts in your HazardMitigation PlansAnd, most of all, remember that . . .38
39It Takes a Team…• Long-range planning/communitydevelopment• Emergency response and naturalhazards planning• Economic development• Parks and open space• Transportation and engineering• Utilities (water, wastewater, etc.)• Administration/finance• Chamber of commerce• Public health• Social services• Local non-profits
As Extreme Weather Events Become More Common,We Will All Have An Extreme Weather Story or Two40Photo Credits:NOAA, FEMA,DOT, AP
41Building CodesImages by Scott ShufordFlooding Adaptation